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Echelon (signals intelligence) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi

Echelon (signals intelligence) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedi
ECHELON[needs IPA], originally a code-name, is now used in global media and in popular culture to describe a signals intelligence (SIGINT) collection and analysis network operated on behalf of the five signatory nations to the UKUSA Security Agreement[1] — Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Referred to by a number of other abbreviations, including AUSCANNZUKUS[1] and Five Eyes,[2][3][4] it has also been described as the only software system which controls the download and dissemination of the intercept of commercial satellite trunk communications.[5] It was created in the early 1960s to monitor the military and diplomatic communications of the Soviet Union and its Eastern Bloc allies during the Cold War, and was formally established in the year of 1971.[6][7] §Name[edit] Britain's The Guardian newspaper summarized the capabilities of the ECHELON system as follows: §History[edit] §Origins (1960s–1970s)[edit] §Expansion (1980s)[edit] §Organization[edit] Related:  Through PRISM & Other PortsPrivacy

Ground Truth: Pine Gap, Australia FAS | Intelligence | Agencies | Facilities |||| Index | Search | Pine Gap, near Alice Springs, employs nearly 1,000 people, mainly from the Central Intelligence Agency and the National Reconnaissance Office. Originally code-named MERINO, it is the ground station for a satellite network that intercepts telephone, radio, data links, and other communications around the world. The facility currently includes a dozen radomes, a 5,600 square meter computer room, and 20-odd service and support buildings. Two of its ground antenna are part of the U.S. Defense Satellite Communications System. Sources and Methods Report 26: An Agreement to extend the period of operation of the Joint Defence Facility at Pine Gap Joint Standing Committee on Treaties, 18 October 1999 Ball, Desmond, Pine Gap, (Allen & Unwin, Sydney, 1988) "Better Spy Technology to End Life of U.S. FAS | Intelligence | Agencies | Facilities |||| Index | Search |

Ted Rall's Prescient Take On Verizon And The NSA Several months ago employees of Verizon, the company that enjoys a monopoly on local telephone service where I live, confirmed that my telephone has been tapped by the government.“I don’t mind that Bush is listening to my calls,” I told the security department. “It’s not like I’m calling al Qaeda. And if they called me, I wouldn’t be able to hear them because of the noise on the line.”Most Americans feel the same as me. We’re not doing anything wrong, so why should we care if the government knows when we’re stuck on hold?

PRISM (surveillance program) Below are a number of slides released by Edward Snowden showing the operation and processes behind the PRISM program. It should be noted that the "FAA" referred to is Section 702 of the FISA Amendments Act ("FAA"), and not the Federal Aviation Administration, which is more widely known by the same FAA initialism. Slide showing that much of the world's communications flow through the U.S. Senator John McCain (R-AZ) Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-CA), chair of the Senate Intelligence Committee Senator Rand Paul (R-KY) Senator Susan Collins (R-ME), member of Senate Intelligence Committee and past member of Homeland Security Committee Representative Jim Sensenbrenner (R-WI), principal sponsor of the Patriot Act Senator Mark Udall (D-CO) Representative Todd Rokita (R-IN) Representative Luis Gutierrez (D-IL) Senator Ron Wyden (D-OR) CSE headquarters in Ottawa New York Times columnist Thomas L. Hong Kong rally to support Snowden, June 15, 2013 Gellman, Barton & Lindeman, Todd (June 10, 2013).

UKUSA Agreement as part of 5 Eyes The United Kingdom – United States of America Agreement (UKUSA, /juːkuːˈsɑː/ ew-koo-SAH)[1][2] is a multilateral agreement for cooperation in signals intelligence between the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. The alliance of intelligence operations is also known as Five Eyes.[3][4][5][6][7] In classification markings this is abbreviated as FVEY or the countries are listed like AUS, CAN, GBR, NZL, USA.[8] Emerging from an informal agreement related to the 1941 Atlantic Charter, the secret treaty was renewed with the passage of the 1943 BRUSA Agreement, before being officially enacted on 5 March 1946 by the United Kingdom and the United States. In the following years, it was extended to encompass Canada, Australia and New Zealand. History[edit] Origins (1940s–1950s)[edit] The parties agree to the exchange of the products of the following operations relating to foreign communications:- The agreement originated from a ten-page British–U.S. Five Eyes[edit]

AN/FLR-9 Bob Ney writes (05/2006): I read with great interest the information about the FaiLuRe 9 as it was sometimes derogatorily known. I was one of the two senior engineers who oversaw the installation of the equipment in the Central Building back in 1962/1963. Actually, the system was up and running by the middle of 1963. Timothy Mills writes: I was the Civil Engineer (Facilities Superintendent) for the 301st IS at Misawa AB from June 1988 to December 1996. Raymond Sicotte writes: I was an rf engineer on the Calibration and Monitoring (Cal and Mon) System of FLR-9 and assisted with the installations in Brindisi, Italy in Jan-Feb 1963 as well as Chicksands, UK in June-July 1963. I can corroborate the story about the sleeve monopole antenna structures being mistaken for missiles in Brindisi. David Michael Wade writes: What a delight for me to come across information about my "electronic spying" job there outside of Brindisi, Italy! BW writes: KH writes:

Terrorist Living In U.S. Gets Why NSA Spying Such A Complicated Issue UNDISCLOSED—In the midst of the ongoing national debate over the recently revealed NSA surveillance of American citizens, a Yemeni al-Qaeda operative currently living covertly in the United States told reporters Tuesday that he totally understands why the issue is so incredibly complex and multifaceted. “Look, the fact of the matter is that in today’s world, there are people living in the United States who are aiming to injure and kill as many innocent Americans as they can, and if you’re the U.S. government then you really have to be vigilant about that stuff,” said the committed terrorist, adding that he can “totally sympathize” with the arguments both for and against the NSA's actions. “I think it's fair to say that surveillance of phone records and other contact information is the most effective way—and maybe the only effective way—to learn of these plots and prevent them. I get that.” “Like I said, it's a tough one,” the highly trained al-Qaeda operative added.

Room 641A Coordinates: Room 641A is a telecommunication interception facility operated by AT&T for the U.S. National Security Agency that commenced operations in 2003 and was exposed in 2006.[1][2] §Description[edit] The existence of the room was revealed by former AT&T technician Mark Klein and was the subject of a 2006 class action lawsuit by the Electronic Frontier Foundation against AT&T.[5] Klein claims he was told that similar black rooms are operated at other facilities around the country. §Lawsuit[edit] The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) filed a class-action lawsuit against AT&T on January 31, 2006, accusing the telecommunication company of violating the law and the privacy of its customers by collaborating with the National Security Agency (NSA) in a massive, illegal program to wiretap and data-mine Americans' communications. §Gallery[edit] Page 17: Basic diagram of how the alleged wiretapping was accomplished. §See also[edit] §References[edit] §External links[edit]

SIGINT | Australian Defence News & Articles | Asia Pacific Defence Reporter The ADF’s fourth arm Less well known than the Australian Defence Force (ADF) itself is the Australian Defence Intelligence Group (DIG), a division of the Australian Department of Defence that comes under the auspices of the Deputy Secretary for Intelligence, Security and International Policy (DEPSEC IS&IP). DIG provides national and international intelligence for the Australian Government and the Australian Defence Force and comprises three discrete Defence agencies: DIG is responsible for the: • Defence Intelligence Organisation (DIO) • Defence Imagery and Geospatial Organisation (DIGO) • Defence Signals Directorate (DSD) DepSec IS&IP is also responsible for: • Defence Security Authority (DSA) • International Policy Division (IP) • Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Branch (ISR) • Business Management - Intelligence Branch (BM-I) Functions of the DIG organizations: Defence Programs that may interact with DSD. Conclusion.

Trumpet (satellite) DNI depiction of a NRO SIGINT satellite obtaining data on Western Europe According to NASA's National Space Science Data Center, Trumpet SIGINT satellites have a large deployable mesh antenna, and were initially aimed at monitoring Soviet communications and missile tests.[4] Trumpet 5 is allegedly the second satellite of a new series. Its tasks are believed to be signals intelligence and early warning, using a SBIRS HEO-2 infrared missile early warning package. In addition it is supposed to carry a NASA/Los Alamos TWINS-B magnetospheric research payload.[5] In 1994, the cost of Trumpet 1 (excluding launch vehicle) were estimated to more than US$ 1.5 billion (inflation adjusted more than US$ 2.4 billion in 2014).[7] Jonathan's Space Report Trumpet SIGINT at Encyclopedia Astronautica

NYC Bomb Plot Details Settle Little In NSA Debate WASHINGTON -- The Obama administration declassified a handful of details Tuesday that credited its PRISM Internet spying program with intercepting a key email that unraveled a 2009 terrorist plot in New York. The details, declassified by the director of national intelligence, were circulated on Capitol Hill as part of government efforts to tamp down criticism of two recently revealed National Security Agency surveillance programs. Najibullah Zazi's foiled plot to bomb the New York subways has become the centerpiece of that effort. It remains the most serious al-Qaida plot inside the United States since the 9/11 terror attacks. In the rush to defend the surveillance programs, however, government officials have changed their stories and misstated key facts of the Zazi plot. The debate over the surveillance echoes one from years earlier, over President George W. Zazi, an Afghan-American cab driver living in the Denver suburbs, was an al-Qaida-trained bomber. On Sunday, Sen. Also on HuffPost:

Utah Data Center The Utah Data Center area layout. The Utah Data Center, also known as the Intelligence Community Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative Data Center,[1] is a data storage facility for the United States Intelligence Community that is designed to store data estimated to be on the order of exabytes or larger.[2] Its purpose is to support the Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI), though its precise mission is classified.[3] The National Security Agency (NSA) leads operations at the facility as the executive agent for the Director of National Intelligence.[4] It is located at Camp Williams near Bluffdale, Utah, between Utah Lake and Great Salt Lake and was completed in May 2014 at a cost of $1.5 billion.[5] According to an interview with Edward Snowden, the project was initially known as the Massive Data Repository within NSA, but was renamed to Mission Data Repository due to the former sounding too "creepy".[6] Purpose[edit] Structure[edit] See also[edit] Coordinates: