Civil War Infographic Slavery in America - Black History The South would reach the breaking point the following year, when Republican candidate Abraham Lincoln was elected as president. Within three months, seven southern states had seceded to form the Confederate States of America; four more would follow after the Civil War (1861-65) began. Though Lincoln’s antislavery views were well established, the central Union war aim at first was not to abolish slavery, but to preserve the United States as a nation. Abolition became a war aim only later, due to military necessity, growing anti-slavery sentiment in the North and the self-emancipation of many African Americans who fled enslavement as Union troops swept through the South. Five days after the bloody Union victory at Antietam in September 1862, Lincoln issued a preliminary emancipation proclamation, and on January 1, 1863, he made it official that “slaves within any State, or designated part of a State…in rebellion,…shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.”
The Civil War | HistoryNet First Battle of Bull Run Kurz & Allison Civil War Facts Location Eastern Theater, Western Theater, Trans-Mississippi, Gulf Coast, Sioux Uprising Dates Soldiers Engaged Union: over 2,100,000 Confederate: over 1,000,000 Civil War Casualties Union: over 350,000 Confederate: over 250,000 See Details Of Civil War Casualties Outcome Union Victory Civil War Pictures The Civil War was the first war that was widely photographed. See our Civil War Pictures Civil War Maps The Civil War made wide use of battle maps. View our Civil War Maps Civil War Timeline See a timeline of events of the Civil War from 1861-1865. View our Civil War Timeline Civil War Battlefields The battlefields of the Civil War crossed the nation and made famous many previously unknown towns, crossroads, and farms like Antietam Creek, Shiloh and Gettysburg. View more Civil War Battlefields More Civil War Facts To view more Civil War facts and FAQs, please view our Civil War Facts page Civil War Articles » See all American Civil War Articles Milestones
Pathways to Freedom | About the Underground Railroad What is slavery? Slavery is a system of labor in which people are forced to work for someone else without pay and without the freedom to leave if they want to. Slaves have to work and live as their masters tell them to. Have other countries ever had slavery? « back to Slavery and Free Blacks The U.S. Civil War The American Civil War The Civil War was one of the most devastating events in American History. Read about the causes, see the heroes, and share the horror by clicking on these links. Timeline of the American Civil War Follow the American Civil War, from its causes to its conclusion. Key people and events are highlighted along the way. Civil War Glossary More than 100 people, places, and things (battles, elections, etc.) are defined here, with corresponding links. Slavery It's hard to imagine that people did these things to each other, but different times allowed different ideals. Civil War Battles These sites focus on the battles that made up the Civil War. The Battle of Gettysburg Find out more about this historic battle: the main players, the strategies, and the prelude and aftermath. Reconstruction After the Civil War, the U.S. The Underground Railroad Links, articles, pictures, stories, primary sources, and much more about this "route to freedom" followed by a great many slaves
Slavery in America Stories from Slavery Read the stories of the slaves and the slave masters and how they shaped 19th century society Slaves in the New World Nobody knows the name of the small Dutch warship that sailed into Point Comfort the summer of 1609 carrying “20 and odd Negroes”. According to a letter written by John Rolfe, the twenty Africans (no one knows their names or where they came from–those details were not important back then) were sold to a Jamestown merchant marking the beginning of a long and dark chapter in American history. Slave ships were built to be light and fast. By 1609, the sale of African slaves to the America’s was 100 years old. Historians are not sure if this first cargo of Africans were seen as true slaves by the Jamestown colonists or more like indentured servants who served for a period of time under a contract and then were freed. By the end of the 17th century things began to change for the worse for African-Americans.
Timeline February 9 - The Confederate States of America is formed with Jefferson Davis as president. April 12 - At 4:30 AM Confederates under General Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins. April 17 - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within 5 weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus forming an eleven state Confederacy. April 19 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports. July 4 - Lincoln, in a speech to Congress, states the war is..." July 21 - The Union Army under Gen. July 27 - President Lincoln appoints George B. September 11 - President Lincoln revokes Gen. November 1 - President Lincoln appoints McClellan as general-in-chief of all Union forces after the resignation of the aged Winfield Scott. November 8 - The beginning of an international diplomatic crisis for President Lincoln as two Confederate officials sailing toward England are seized by the U.S.
Civil War Kids Overview What does "civil rights" mean? Civil rights are basic rights that every citizen has under the laws of the government. In the United States the civil rights of each individual citizen are protected by the Constitution. Civil rights for every person means that regardless of gender, skin color, religion, nationality, age, disability, or religion, a person should not be discriminated against. Civil rights include the right to free speech, privacy, religion, assembly, a fair trial, and freedom of thought. The term "civil rights" comes from the Latin term "ius civis", which means "rights of a citizen." Civil Rights Movements Throughout history there have been different civil rights movements. Civil Rights Leaders During each civil rights movement there have been men and women who have led the fight for their own rights as well as those of others. Events and Other Information Below you can find other information on the history of civil rights including events, timelines, and a glossary of terms.
American Civil War Facts | Civil War For Kids What started the war? › The tensions between the Northern states and the Southern states split the nation in two, plunging the country into Civil War. What started the war? › The nation divided › The Northern states were largely industrial, while those in the South were agricultural and dependent for labor on slavery, which many Northerners opposed. The nation divided › The first modern war › Americans had last seen war on their own soil in the War of 1812, but the Civil War was to be unlike any war previously fought. The first modern war › The slavery issue › The industrial North and the agricultural South held very different opinions on the issue of slavery. The slavery issue › The two armies › Sometimes called the "Brother's War", the Civil War made Americans choose between loyalty to their nation or loyalty to their state. The two armies › The key battles › During the early years of the war, the Confederates repeatedly held off Union attacks and the North failed to make significant headway.
Conderate Uniforms Biography for Kids: Ida B. Wells History >> Biography >> Civil Rights for Kids Occupation: Journalist, civil rights and women's activist Born: July 16, 1862 in Holly Springs, Mississippi Died: March 25, 1931 in Chicago, Illinois Best known for: Leading a campaign against lynching Biography: Where did Ida B. Wells grow up? Ida B. Shortly after Ida was born, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. Becoming a Teacher When Ida was sixteen years old both of her parents died from Yellow Fever. Seat on the Train One day Ida was taking a train ride. The Free Speech Ida began to write articles about the racial injustices of the South. Lynching In 1892, one of Ida's friends, Tom Moss, was arrested for murdering a white man. Ida wrote about the lynching in her paper. Civil Rights Activist Over time, Ida became famous through her writings about racial issues. Legacy Ida is remembered as one of the early leaders in the fight for African-American Civil Rights. Interesting Facts about Ida B.
Union & Confederate Officer's Jackets Union After the fall of Fort Sumter, the United States War Department was unable to make enough uniforms fast enough. The northern states were told to dress their own companies. New York was able to give all soldiers a dark blue woolen jacket with 8 state seal buttons. It was in 1862 that the Union Army made strict rules about uniforms. Confederate Bet you think I'm wrong on the color! When the Civil War started in 1861, the Confederate Army did not have one style of uniform for all soldiers. At first uniforms were made of undyed wool. Some states followed state regulations. In Alabama, the governor had a factory make the first gray uniforms.
Rosa Parks - KIDS DISCOVER Rosa Parks had endured prejudice, bigotry, and injustice all her life. She knew this was unfair and unjust. What made it worse was that there were laws that supported the unjust treatment of black people. Rosa Parks launched the first major protest of the Civil Rights Movement. When Rosa Parks told the bus driver that she would not give her seat to a white passenger in 1955, she lit the spark that became the Civil Rights Movements. When Rosa’s grandparents were born, there was still slavery in 15 states in the southern U.S. After slavery was ended, it looked like things would get better. Some forms of bigotry were scary and violent. The Ku Klux Klan was a hate group that terrorized black people. Under Jim Crow, many unjust laws were passed that limited the rights of black people. In states where segregation laws were passed, blacks and whites sat in separate sections on public transportation. What did segregation mean for Rosa Parks when she was growing up? Rosa Parks on the bus.