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Ayn Rand

Ayn Rand
Literary critics received Rand's fiction with mixed reviews,[6] and academia generally ignored or rejected her philosophy, though academic interest has increased in recent decades.[7][8][9] The Objectivist movement attempts to spread her ideas, both to the public and in academic settings.[10] She has been a significant influence among libertarians and American conservatives.[11] Life[edit] Early life[edit] Rand was born Alisa Zinov'yevna Rosenbaum (Russian: Али́са Зиновьевна Розенбаум) on February 2, 1905, to a Russian Jewish bourgeois[12] family living in Saint Petersburg. The subsequent October Revolution and the rule of the Bolsheviks under Vladimir Lenin disrupted the life the family had previously enjoyed. Along with many other "bourgeois" students, Rand was purged from the university shortly before graduating. Arrival in the United States[edit] Cover of Rand's first published work, a 2,500-word monograph on femme fatalePola Negri published in 1925.[26] Early fiction[edit] Reviews[edit] Related:  The Big Picture: undercurrents / influences / inspirations

Financial Giants Put New York City Cops On Their Payroll Videos are springing up across the internet showing uniformed members of the New York Police Department in white shirts (as opposed to the typical NYPD blue uniforms) pepper spraying and brutalizing peaceful, nonthreatening protestors attempting to take part in the Occupy Wall Street marches. Corporate media are reporting that these white shirts are police supervisors as opposed to rank and file. Recently discovered documents suggest something else may be at work. If you’re a Wall Street behemoth, there are endless opportunities to privatize profits and socialize losses beyond collecting trillions of dollars in bailouts from taxpayers. One of the ingenious methods that has remained below the public’s radar was started by the Rudy Giuliani administration in New York City in 1998. The corporations pay an average of $37 an hour (no medical, no pension benefit, no overtime pay) for a member of the NYPD, with gun, handcuffs and the ability to arrest.

I Was a Rare Earths Day Trader - Inside the Rare Earths Bubble - By Jason Miklian "What's the definition of a mine? A hole in the ground with a liar on top." The most famous aphorism about the mining business is usually credited -- possibly apocryphally -- to Mark Twain, who before assuming the mantle of America's great literary wit was just another mining speculator gone bust. But generations of fleeced investors since Twain's day would nod angrily in agreement -- losing a fortune on too-good-to-be-true mining deals is a tradition as old as mining itself. So it goes with rare-earth elements, a group of materials used in the manufacture of various high-tech applications and the object of the latest subterranean fad. Before we get to that, a brief geology lesson: "Rare earths" is the catchall phrase for 17 elements mostly near the bottom end of the periodic table that are essential for cutting-edge optical and magnetic applications in hybrid cars, wind turbines, iPads, mobile phones, and smart missiles, among other things. Now things were really cooking.

François Ponchaud Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Jeunesse[modifier | modifier le code] Témoin de la tragédie khmère rouge[modifier | modifier le code] Témoin privilégié de l'évacuation de Phnom Penh par les Khmers rouges en avril 1975, il publie en 1977 un livre, Cambodge année zéro, qui fait découvrir au monde l'horreur du régime institué par les Khmers rouges : le livre décrit l'entrée des révolutionnaires dans Phnom Penh, l'exode forcé de toute la population. Travaux[modifier | modifier le code] Il conçoit des ouvrages de catéchèse et de vulgarisation destinés à accompagner la formation spirituelle et intellectuelle des Cambodgiens en insistant sur la compréhension des symboles et des mythes de base ainsi que sur la connaissance de l’histoire. Publications[modifier | modifier le code] Liens externes[modifier | modifier le code]

Joseph Conrad Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski;[1]:11–12 Berdichev, Imperial Russia, 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924, Bishopsbourne, Kent, England) was a Polish author who wrote in English after settling in England. He was granted British nationality in 1886, but always considered himself a Pole.[note 1] Conrad is regarded as one of the greatest novelists in English,[2] though he did not speak the language fluently until he was in his twenties (and always with a marked accent). He wrote stories and novels, often with a nautical setting, that depict trials of the human spirit in the midst of an indifferent universe. He was a master prose stylist who brought a distinctly non-English[note 2] tragic sensibility into English literature.[3] While some of his works have a strain of romanticism, his works are viewed as modernist literature. Early life[edit] Nowy Świat 47, Warsaw, where three-year-old Conrad lived with his parents in 1861 Apollo did his best to home-school Conrad.

Albert Camus Albert Camus (French: [albɛʁ kamy] ( Camus did not consider himself to be an existentialist despite usually being classified as one, even during his own lifetime.[1] In an interview in 1945, Camus rejected any ideological associations: "No, I am not an existentialist. Sartre and I are always surprised to see our names linked...".[2] Camus was born in French Algeria to a Pied-Noir family, and studied at the University of Algiers. In 1949, Camus founded the Group for International Liaisons within the Revolutionary Union Movement after his split with Garry Davis's Citizens of the World movement.[3] The formation of this group, according to Camus, was intended to "denounce two ideologies found in both the USSR and the USA" regarding their idolatry of technology.[4] Camus was awarded the 1957 Nobel Prize for Literature "for his important literary production, which with clear-sighted earnestness illuminates the problems of the human conscience in our times".[5] Early years[edit] Marriages[edit]

Plutocracy Plutocracy (from Greek πλοῦτος, ploutos, meaning "wealth", and κράτος, kratos, meaning "power, dominion, rule") or plutarchy, is a form of oligarchy and defines a society or a system ruled and dominated by the small minority of the wealthiest citizens. The first known use of the term was in 1652.[1] Unlike systems such as democracy, capitalism, socialism or anarchism, plutocracy is not rooted in an established political philosophy. The concept of plutocracy may be advocated by the wealthy classes of a society in an indirect or surreptitious fashion, though the term itself is almost always used in a pejorative sense.[2] Usage[edit] Examples[edit] Examples of plutocracies include the Roman Empire, some city-states in Ancient Greece, the civilization of Carthage, the Italian city-states/merchant republics of Venice, Florence, Genoa, and pre-World War II Empire of Japan (the zaibatsu). Modern politics[edit] United States[edit] Post World War II[edit] Russia[edit] As a propaganda term[edit]

Ливия: небольшое фоторасследование - 9 Марта 2011 - Мир новостей BOHN 2Доктор Я не знаю, где вы там служили, но если вы мне покажете штатный (не "сотый") калаш с советских складов, способный без переделки стрелять патронами калибра 5.56 - я буду долго смеяться. Впрочем - я уже ржу. Видите ли, патроны калибром 7.62 у СССР и у НАТО чуть-чуть отличаются. Самую малость, да. Я даже молчу, что де факто у них чуть отличается гильза. Так, к сведению "професиАнала" - патроны 7.62 от 7,62R - отличаются наличием на русском патроне закраины. Так вот. Все штатное стрелковое вооружение НАТО - спроектировано под три основных патрона: 5,56х45; 7,62х51 и 9х19(Par). Да, формально, "АК-74М" позаимствованный у эмиссара какой-нибудь Литвы - можно считать "натовским" оружием. Кстати, только сейчас заметил - у вас "калашниковы" стреляли "натовскими" патронами. Открываю тайну - это тип патронов, которыми стреляют штурмовые винтовки. И еще более страшная тайна - тот АК, который использует 7,62 - использует ПРОМЕЖУТОЧНЫЙ патрон 7, 62х39. Воин, блин, диванный! Боец с мышкой! Позорище.

Franz Kafka Kafka was born into a middle-class, German-speaking Jewish family in Prague, the capital of the Kingdom of Bohemia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In his lifetime, most of the population of Prague spoke Czech, and the division between Czech- and German-speaking people was a tangible reality, as both groups were strengthening their national identity. The Jewish community often found itself in between the two sentiments, naturally raising questions about a place to which one belongs. Kafka himself was fluent in both languages, considering German his mother tongue. Kafka trained as a lawyer and after completing his legal education, obtained employment with an insurance company. Life[edit] Family[edit] Plaque marking the birthplace of Franz Kafka in Prague. The Kafka family had a servant girl living with them in a cramped apartment. Education[edit] Employment[edit] Former home of the Worker's Accident Insurance Institute. Private life[edit] Kafka had an active sex life. Miss FB.

William Golding Golding was knighted by Elizabeth II in 1988.[1][2] He was a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.[1] In 2008, The Times ranked Golding third on their list of "The 50 greatest British writers since 1945".[3] Biography[edit] Early life[edit] William Golding was born in his grandmother's house, 47 Mountwise, Newquay,[4] Cornwall[5] and he spent many childhood holidays there. He grew up in Marlborough, Wiltshire, where his father (Alec Golding) was a science master at Marlborough Grammar School (1905 to retirement). Marriage and family[edit] Golding married Ann Brookfield, an analytic chemist,[9](p161) on 30 September 1939 and they had two children, Judith and David.[5] War service[edit] Death[edit] In 1985, Golding and his wife moved to Tullimaar House at Perranarworthal, near Truro, Cornwall, where he died of heart failure, eight years later, on 19 June 1993. Career[edit] Writing success[edit] Golding won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1979, and the Booker Prize in 1980. Plays[edit]

Oligarchy Oligarchy (from Greek ὀλιγαρχία (oligarkhía); from ὀλίγος (olígos), meaning "few", and ἄρχω (arkho), meaning "to rule or to command")[1][2][3] is a form of power structure in which power effectively rests with a small number of people. These people could be distinguished by royalty, wealth, family ties, education, corporate, or military control. Such states are often controlled by a few prominent families who typically pass their influence from one generation to the next, but inheritance is not a necessary condition for the application of this term. Throughout history, oligarchies have been tyrannical (relying on public obedience and/or oppression to exist) or relatively benign. History[edit] Athenian techniques to prevent the rise of oligarchy Manifestations[edit] Forms of government and other political structures associated with oligarchy can include aristocracy, meritocracy, military junta, plutocracy, stratocracy, technocracy, theocracy and timocracy. Corporate oligarchy[edit]

FEMA Concentration Camps: Locations and Executive Orders - Friends of Liberty (undated) 3sep04 FEMA Concentration Camps: Locations and Executive Orders Friends of Liberty (undated) 3sep04 [ Below: U.S. Concentration Camps: FEMA and the REX 84 Program - The Awakening News (undated) 3sep04] There over 800 prison camps in the United States, all fully operational and ready to receive prisoners. Operation Cable Splicer and Garden Plot are the two sub programs which will be implemented once the Rex 84 program is initiated for its proper purpose. The camps all have railroad facilities as well as roads leading to and from the detention facilities. Now let's review the justification for any actions taken... Executive Orders associated with FEMA that would suspend the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. EXECUTIVE ORDER 10990 allows the government to take over all modes of transportation and control of highways and seaports. Where are these camps? Opelika - Military compound either in or very near town. Wilderness - East of Anchorage. Eielson AFB - Southeast of Fairbanks. Ft. Ft. Ft. Ft. Ft.

Leo Tolstoy Count Lev Nikolayevich Tolstoy (/ˈtoʊlstɔɪ, ˈtɒl-/;[1] Russian: Лев Никола́евич Толсто́й, pronounced [lʲɛf nʲɪkɐˈlaɪvʲɪtɕ tɐlˈstoj]; 9 September [O.S. 28 August] 1828 – 20 November [O.S. 7 November] 1910), usually referred to in English as Leo Tolstoy, was a Russian novelist today regarded as one of the greatest of all time. In the 1870s Tolstoy experienced a profound moral crisis, followed by what he regarded as an equally profound spiritual awakening. His literal interpretation of the ethical teachings of Jesus, centering on the Sermon on the Mount, caused him to become a fervent Christian anarchist and pacifist. His new-found asceticism and determination to renounce his considerable wealth tipped his marriage into bitter turmoil, which continued right up to his death at the age of 82 in the waiting room of an, until then, obscure Russian railway station. Life and career Death Tolstoy's grave with flowers at Yasnaya Polyana. Tolstoy died in 1910, at the age of 82. Personal life In films

Victor Hugo Victor Marie Hugo (French pronunciation: ​[viktɔʁ maʁi yɡo]; 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best known French writers. In France, Hugo's literary fame comes first from his poetry but also rests upon his novels and his dramatic achievements. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critical esteem. Outside France, his best-known works are the novels Les Misérables, 1862, and Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831 (known in English as The Hunchback of Notre-Dame). Though a committed royalist when he was young, Hugo's views changed as the decades passed, and he became a passionate supporter of republicanism;[citation needed] his work touches upon most of the political and social issues and artistic trends of his time. Personal life[edit] Hugo's childhood was a period of national political turmoil. Hélas ! Quoi donc ! Alas! what!

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