William Edward Burghardt "W. E. B." Du Bois (pronounced /duːˈbɔɪz/ doo-BOYZ; February 23, 1868 – August 27, 1963) was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author and editor. Born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, Du Bois grew up in a relatively tolerant and integrated community. Du Bois rose to national prominence as the leader of the Niagara Movement, a group of African-American activists who wanted equal rights for blacks. Racism was the main target of Du Bois's polemics, and he strongly protested against lynching, Jim Crow laws, and discrimination in education and employment. Du Bois was a prolific author. Early life Great Barrington's primarily European American community treated Du Bois generally well. University education In 1892, Du Bois received a fellowship from the John F. Wilberforce and University of Pennsylvania "Between me and the other world there is ever an unasked question: ... —Du Bois, "Strivings of the Negro People", 1897
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Black Reconstruction, wikipediaFirst edition cover Black Reconstruction in America is a history by W. E. B. Du Bois, first published in 1935. Du Bois' historical scholarship and use of primary source data research on the postwar political economy of the former Confederate States’ were ground-breaking. In chapter five, Du Bois argues that the decision by slaves on the southern plantations to stop working during the war was an example of a General Strike. Dubois’ research showed that the post-emancipation South did not degenerate into economic or political chaos. He documented that these Reconstruction governments were the first to establish public health departments to promote public health and sanitation, and to combat the spread of epidemic diseases. Critical reception The work was not well received by critics and historians at the time. Scholarship in the 1970s and 1980s tempered some of these claims by highlighting continuities in the political goals of white politicians before and during Reconstruction.
Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c. February 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining note for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writing. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Many Northerners also found it hard to believe that such a great orator had been a slave. A firm believer in the equality of all people, whether black, female, Native American, or recent immigrant, Douglass famously said, "I would unite with anybody to do right and with nobody to do wrong Life as a slave Douglass around 29 years of age. WikiMiniAtlas The exact date of Douglass's birth is unknown. He spoke of his earliest times with his mother: From slavery to freedom Abolitionist and preacher Autobiography
Stuart Hall (cultural theorist)Stuart McPhail Hall, FBA (3 February 1932 – 10 February 2014) was a Jamaican-born cultural theorist and sociologist who lived and worked in the United Kingdom from 1951. Hall, along with Richard Hoggart and Raymond Williams, was one of the founding figures of the school of thought that is now known as British Cultural Studies or The Birmingham School of Cultural Studies. He was President of the British Sociological Association 1995–97. In the 1950s Hall was a founder of the influential New Left Review. Hall left the centre in 1979 to become a professor of sociology at the Open University. Hall retired from the Open University in 1997 and was a Professor Emeritus. British newspaper The Observer called him "one of the country's leading cultural theorists". He was married to Catherine Hall, a feminist professor of modern British history at University College London. After working on the Universities and Left Review during his time at Oxford, Hall joined E. (1960). (1971).
Lecture 2 | African-American Freedom Struggle (Stanford) Video Lecture, StanfordSEE: Guide to Download Stanford Video Lecture Lecture Details : Lecture 1 of Clay Carson's Introduction to African-American History Course (HIST 166) concentrating on the Modern Freedom Struggle (Fall 2007). Topics in this lecture include a course introduction and W.E.B. Du Bois. This course introduces the viewer to African-American history, with particular emphasis on the political thought and protest movements of the period after 1930, focusing on selected individuals who have shaped and been shaped by modern African-American struggles for freedom and justice. Complete playlist for the course: Course syllabus: More on Clayborne Carson: Stanford University channel on YouTube: Course Description : Other Resources : Syllabus | Other History Courses » check out the complete list of History lectures
Ralph Waldo TylerRalph Waldo Tyler, Newspaper man, 19th–20th century Race man Early on, his journalistic skills placed him in constant dialog with Black political and business leaders in the Midwest who were engaged in improving the social standing of African Americans at the height of the Jim Crow laws. In 1906, Tyler actively campaigned for an appointment as United States consul to Brazil. His political activities drew the attention of prominent national Black figures, and in 1907, upon the advice of Booker T. Washington, Tyler was appointed by President Theodore Roosevelt to fill the post of Auditor of the Department of the Navy. He held this post until 1913, when during the early years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency—overlooking the advice of his colleagues—Tyler published a recalcitrant article in the Washington Evening Star speaking out against the President's segregationist policies. Soon afterward, Tyler's governmental post under Wilson ended. In 1918, a committee overseen by Emmett J.
Greg GrandinGreg Grandin (born 1962, in Brooklyn, New York) is an American historian, and professor of history at New York University. He is author of a number of books, including Fordlândia: The Rise and Fall of Henry Ford’s Forgotten Jungle City, which was a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for History, as well as for the National Book Award and a National Book Critics Circle Award. A more recent book is entitled Who Is Rigoberta Menchú? and focuses on the treatment of the Nobel Peace Prize winner in the media. Fordlandia was named a best book of the year by The New York Times, The New Yorker; NPR; The Boston Globe; San Francisco Chronicle; and the Chicago Tribune. Life He graduated from Brooklyn College with a BA, from CUNY, and from Yale University with a PhD. He won the Latin American Studies Association's Bryce Wood Award for the best book published in any discipline on Latin America for Blood of Guatemala: A History of Race and Nation. He lives in Brooklyn.
3 minutes inBooker T. WashingtonBooker Taliaferro Washington (April 5, 1856 – November 14, 1915) was an African-American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American community. Booker T. Washington mastered the nuances of the political arena in the late 19th century which enabled him to manipulate the media, raise money, strategize, network, pressure, reward friends and distribute funds while punishing those who opposed his plans for uplifting blacks. His long-term goal was to end the disfranchisement of the vast majority of African Americans living in southern states, where most of the millions of black Americans still lived. Overview Washington was born a slave in Virginia. Washington attained national prominence for his Atlanta Address of 1895, which attracted the attention of politicians and the public, making him a popular spokesperson for African-American citizens. Career overview Marriages and children