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The Philosophy of Neuroscience

The Philosophy of Neuroscience
First published Mon Jun 7, 1999; substantive revision Tue May 25, 2010 Over the past three decades, philosophy of science has grown increasingly “local.” Concerns have switched from general features of scientific practice to concepts, issues, and puzzles specific to particular disciplines. Philosophy of neuroscience is a natural result. This emerging area was also spurred by remarkable recent growth in the neurosciences. Cognitive and computational neuroscience continues to encroach upon issues traditionally addressed within the humanities, including the nature of consciousness, action, knowledge, and normativity. The literature distinguishes “philosophy of neuroscience” and “neurophilosophy.” 1. Contrary to some opinion, actual neuroscientific discoveries have exerted little influence on the details of materialist philosophies of mind. The apology for this lacuna by early identity theorists was that neuroscience at that time was too nascent to provide any plausible identities. 2.

The UN asks for control over the world’s Internet AFP Photo / Emmanuel Dunand Members of the United Nation’s International Telecommunications Union (ITU) have agreed to work towards implementing a standard for the Internet that would allow for eavesdropping on a worldwide scale. At a conference in Dubai this week, the ITU members decided to adopt the Y.2770 standard for deep packet inspection, a top-secret proposal by way of China that will allow telecom companies across the world to more easily dig through data passed across the Web. According to the UN, implementing deep-packet inspection, or DPI, on such a global scale will allow authorities to more easily detect the transferring and sharing of copyrighted materials and other protected files by finding a way for administrators to analyze the payload of online transmissions, not just the header data that is normally identified and interpreted. writes The Inquirer’s Lawrence Lati, he said. he warns. The ITU’s secretary general, Dr. Dr.

The History of Philosophy … Without Any Gaps On Monday, we told you where you can download Free Courses from Top Philosophers (Foucault, Searle, Russell and the rest). As the day went along, our list grew thanks to reader suggestions, and we also discovered another promising resource — a podcast called “The History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps,” created by Peter Adamson, Professor of Ancient and Medieval Philosophy at King’s College London: Beginning with the earliest ancient thinkers, the series will look at the ideas and lives of the major philosophers (eventually covering in detail such giants as Plato, Aristotle, Avicenna, Aquinas, Descartes, and Kant) as well as the lesser-known figures of the tradition. That’s what Adamson promises, and he doesn’t disappoint. You can access all episodes via these links: iTunes – RSS Feed – Web Site. A big thanks goes to Carol and Tamas for flagging this resource.

6 Brainwashing Techniques They're Using On You Right Now Brainwashing doesn't take any sci-fi gadgetry or Manchurian Candidate hypnotism bullshit. There are all sorts of tried-and-true techniques that anyone can use to bypass the thinking part of your brain and flip a switch deep inside that says "OBEY." Now I know what you're thinking. "Sure, just make an ad with some big ol' titties on there! While that's certainly true ... ... they've got a whole arsenal of manipulation techniques that go way beyond even the most effective of titties. Every cult leader, drill sergeant, self-help guru and politician knows that if you want to quiet all of those pesky doubting thoughts in a crowd, get them to chant a repetitive phrase or slogan. Sounds like: "Say it with me now, folks!" "One, two, three, four, I, Love, The Marine, Corps. Why It Works: The "Analytical" part of your brain and the "Repetitive Task" part tend to operate in separate rooms. Meditation works the same way, with chants or mantras meant to "calm the mind."

Philosophical teaching will get students thinking for themselves again | Teacher Network | Guardian Professional Education would be more successful, and more enjoyable, if less time was spent teaching to the test and more time was spent teaching students to think for themselves. I'm not alone in believing this. In a recent Cambridge Assessment Research Survey, 87% of lecturers said that too much teaching to the test is a major factor contributing to students being under-prepared for degree-level study. With such widespread agreement about this, you would think that the issue of how assessment pressure is distorting teaching would be at the centre of the debate about A-level reform. But if real teaching has given way to a process of training students to jump through assessment hoops, HE concerns aren't going to be met simply by reducing the number of hoops, or by lifting them higher. As an antidote to teaching to the test, I recommend a philosophical approach. For philosophical teachers, the role model is Socrates, for whom education was nothing less than an examination of life itself.

What You Can Learn From Phone Metadata Awe-Inspiring Landscapes Photographer Hougaard Malan is inspired by moments when the land combines in magnificent beauty, and to the artist it appears like a God has painted it. 1. "About the Photographer." 26 steps to self sufficiency - 26 steps to self sufficiency. 1. Plant a garden : This is the basic building block for anyone looking to walk a simpler path in life in the modern world. Especially with rising fuel costs and resulting food costs increases it is imperative to minimize the impact on a families financial situation. More and more of the average families monthly income is slowly being eroded by the cost of just putting food on the table. I understand a lot of people do not have a lot of land to totally grow their own food but there are many options available to grow in small footprint and help at least offset the cost of groceries. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. Here are some books and resources I can recommend from my personal library, Resources For Self-Sufficiency.

Macchu Picchu, Peru Princeton University to Offer Free Online Classes The History of the World since 1300, Computer Architecture, and and Statistics One are just some of the Princeton University courses you can take without ever applying to Princeton, paying tuition or even stepping on to the campus, thanks to a new partnership between the school and a new online education organization founded by two Stanford University professors. As part of efforts to use technology to enhance the Princeton academic experience and enable faculty to extend their teaching beyond the physical borders of the campus, the University is exploring the development of online class materials through the new education platform Coursera. Princeton will join Stanford University, the University of Michigan and the University of Pennsylvania in developing web-based course materials covering a variety of academic fields. Coursera, which was founded in 2011 by two Stanford computer science professors, is modeled on an interactive learning experience. Share inShare0

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