Special Branch The first Special Branch, or Special Irish Branch, as it was known, was a unit of London's Metropolitan Police formed in March 1883 to combat the Irish Republican Brotherhood. The name became Special Branch as the unit's remit widened. Australia Most state police forces and the federal police had a Special Branch. They were tasked mainly with monitoring the Communist Party of Australia and related political groups regarded as extremist or subversive. They also focused on German and Japanese activity during World War II. Bahamas Bangladesh Logo of the Special Branch of Bangladesh The Bangladeshi Special Branch is the prime intelligence agency of Bangladesh. Belize Brunei Fiji The Special Branch unit of the Fiji Police Force is classed as one of the best intelligence unit in the Asia Pacific region. Hong Kong The Special Branch of the Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKPF) consisted only of the Intelligence Wing and the Security Wing. India
New Zealand Police The New Zealand Police (Māori: Ngā Pirihimana o Aotearoa, lit. The Policemen of New Zealand) is the national police force of New Zealand, responsible for enforcing criminal law, enhancing public safety, maintaining order and keeping the peace throughout New Zealand. With over 11,000 staff it is the largest law enforcement agency in New Zealand and, with few exceptions, has primary jurisdiction over the majority of New Zealand criminal law. The New Zealand police also has responsibility for traffic and commercial vehicle enforcement as well as other key responsibilities including protection of dignitaries, firearms licensing and matters of national security. The current Minister of Police is Michael Woodhouse. Origins and history Policing in New Zealand started in 1840 with the arrival of six constables accompanying Lt. From the police force's beginnings in 1840 through the next forty years, policing arrangements varied around New Zealand. Organisation Ranks Weapons
Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service Her Majesty's Diplomatic Service (HMDS) is the diplomatic service of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, dealing with foreign affairs, as opposed to the Home Civil Service, which deals with domestic affairs. Its approximate 16,000 employees work for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London as well as 240 posts (embassies and other offices) around the world, alongside locally employed staff and members of other government departments. The Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs is also the Head of the Diplomatic Service. The Foreign Service, which originally provided civil servants to staff the Foreign Office, was once a separate service, but it amalgamated with the Diplomatic Service in 1918. See also Further reading About the Civil Service Sir Peter Ricketts References
Gene studies suggest King Richard III was a blond, blue-eyed boy LONDON Wed Dec 3, 2014 12:00am IST LONDON (Reuters) - British scientists analysing 500-year-old bones found under a car park say it is now beyond almost any doubt that the remains are of King Richard III, and that studies suggest he had blue eyes and blond hair as a boy. Publishing their latest findings in the journal Nature Communications, researchers from Leicester University also said DNA analysis showed a match between King Richard III and two modern female-line relatives. The remains of Richard -- the last English monarch to die in battle -- were found by archaeologists under a municipal car park in the central English city of Leicester in 2012 and subsequently identified by experts from the university. In a research paper published in September, the scientists were able to give blow-by-blow details of the King's death at the Battle of Bosworth more than 500 years ago, revealing he was very probably killed by a blow to his bare head.
Hawke cabinet secretly approved extending Asio remit to foreign spying | Australia news The Hawke cabinet approved guidelines for the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation to spy on Australians to gather foreign intelligence, newly released cabinet documents have revealed. The cabinet agreed not to table the new powers in parliament or to allow them to be scrutinised by the newly established parliamentary joint committee on Asio. The 1988-89 cabinet documents, released on Thursday by the National Archives, show Bob Hawke’s Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet was deeply suspicious of the attorney general’s guidelines to extend Asio’s powers to cover Australian citizens but the cabinet’s security committee approved the decision. The cabinet also approved related rules on intelligence gathered by the country’s overseas intelligence agency, the Australian Secret Intelligence Service (Asis). In 1988-89 the cold war was still alive but waning.
Australian agriculture has 'supermodel syndrome': Marketing expert - ABC Rural Updated Fri 13 Jun 2014, 12:08pm AEST Australian agriculture is suffering from a ‘supermodel syndrome’ and urgently needs to rethink its approach to marketing and selling itself. That is the view of leading advertising expert Craig Davis, who has worked with brands like Toyota and Coca-Cola. “One of the big issues is that Australia is overconfident,” said Mr Davis. “I call it the ‘supermodel syndrome’. “People think that the natural gifts that they are endowed with being in Australia automatically translate into desire and demand for Australian produce overseas.” Mr Davis says the world supports Australian agriculture’s view of itself as clean and green, but the industry needs to shift its focus away from large-scale production. “One of the legacies of Australian agriculture is that everything has to be about scale, everything has to be big. “The future, to me, is very much about premium niches.” “We at best can feed 150 million people. “It’s all about unification of message and purpose.”
United Kingdom country profile - Overview 12 November 2014Last updated at 07:38 ET The United Kingdom is made up of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. It has a long history as a major player in international affairs and fulfils an important role in the EU, UN and Nato. The twentieth century saw Britain having to redefine its place in the world. At the beginning of the century, it commanded a world-wide empire as the foremost global power. Two world wars and the end of empire diminished its role, but the UK remains an economic and military power, with considerable political and cultural influence around the world. Britain was the world's first industrialised country. The Palace of Westminster is home to one of the world's oldest parliaments Continue reading the main story At a glance Politics: Prime Minister David Cameron, from the centre-right Conservative Party, heads a coalition with the UK's third party, the Liberal Democrats. Country profiles compiled by BBC Monitoring Special Report: United Kingdom Direct Diversity
John Howard questions Coalition's two royal commissions John Howard has questioned the Coalition’s decision to launch two royal commissions in its first year in government, saying that the process shouldn’t be used for “narrow targeted political purposes”. A royal commission into the home insulation scheme has already concluded, while another royal commission, into unions, is underway. Howard told the Australian: “I’m uneasy about the idea of having royal commissions or inquiries into essentially a political decision on which the public has already delivered a verdict. “I don’t think you should ever begin to go down the American path of using the law for narrow targeted political purposes. I think the special prosecutions in the US are appalling.” Four young men died during work provided by the home insulation scheme in 2009 and 2010. The home insulation royal commission cost about $25m and followed several previous coronial and Senate inquiries into the matter. “I am uneasy about those approaches,” Howard said. “I’ve been appalled by both.
HSC Manannan HSC Manannan is a 96-metre (315 ft) wave-piercing high-speed catamaran car ferry built in Tasmania in 1998. After commercial service in Australia and New Zealand, she was chartered to the US Military as USS Joint Venture (HSV-X1). Now owned and operated by the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company, she mainly provides a seasonal service between Douglas and Liverpool. Early history  In 2001, she was commissioned as USS Joint Venture (HSV-X1), serving for five years with the United States Armed Forces. In 2003, Joint Venture was assigned to Operation Enduring Freedom in the Horn of Africa. She operated as a fast transport in support of the Combined Joint Task Force and performing a variety of tasks, such as transporting and supplying troops at high speed over long distances, operating as a mobile command centre, working close inshore, and operating as a helicopter carrier. At the end of the five year charter, she was handed back to Incat in early 2006. Service Lower deck
BBC Four BBC Four launched on 2 March 2002, with a schedule running from 19:00 to 4:00. The channel shows "a wide variety of programmes including drama, documentaries, music, international film, original programmes, comedy and current affairs ... an alternative to programmes on the mainstream TV channels." It is required by its licence to broadcast at least 100 hours of new arts and music programmes, 110 hours of new factual programmes and to premiere 20 international films each year. History BBC Four launched on 2 March 2002 at 19.00 GMT, having been delayed from the original planned 2001 launch. BBC Four was different from the old BBC Knowledge: the channel would be more heavily promoted with more new and original programming and the channel would not be broadcast 24 hours a day. On 12 May 2011, BBC Four was added to the Sky EPG in Ireland on channel 230. Organisation Channel Editors of BBC Four have been: 2013-present: Cassian Harrison BBC Four HD Imports
Garda Emergency Response Unit The Emergency Response Unit (ERU) (Irish: Aonad Práinnfhreagartha) is the premier armed tactical operations unit of the Garda Síochána, the national police force of Ireland. The Garda ERU is a section of the forces' Special Detective Unit (SDU), under the Crime & Security Branch (CSB). The unit provides the highest tier of firearms response to Irish law enforcement, specialising in weapons tactics, counter-terrorism, execution of high-risk missions, crisis negotiation, hostage rescue and close protection, among other roles. The ERU was formed in 1978 as the "Special Task Force" to assist ordinary members of the force in extraordinary situations. The ERU regularly trains with the Irish Army Ranger Wing (ARW), the country's military special operations forces, sharing facilities and equipment. Roles The Emergency Response Unit is responsible for handling the following operations in service of the Garda Síochána; History Modus operandi Selection and training