Maslow's hierarchy of needs Maslow's hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more basic needs at the bottom Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation" in Psychological Review. Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, some of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans. Maslow used the terms "physiological", "safety", "belongingness" and "love", "esteem", "self-actualization", and "self-transcendence" to describe the pattern that human motivations generally move through. Maslow's theory was fully expressed in his 1954 book Motivation and Personality. The hierarchy remains a very popular framework in sociology research, management training and secondary and higher psychology instruction. Hierarchy Physiological needs Safety needs Safety and Security needs include:
Without Cause: Yale Fires An Acclaimed Anarchist Scholar David Graeber, PhD, is an Assistant Professor of Anthropology at Yale University, and the author of Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value: The False Coin of Our Own Dreams and Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology, among many other scholarly publications. Last week Prof. Graeber was informed that his teaching contract at Yale would not be extended. However, it was not Graeber’s scholarship that was ever in question; rather it was his political philosophies that may have played a heavy hand in the administration’s unwarranted decision. Graeber, a renowned anarchist scholar, recently spoke with CounterPuncher JOSHUA FRANK about the fiasco. JOSHUA FRANK: Prof. David Graeber: Well, it’s impossible to say anything for certain because no official reasons were given for the decision and I’m not allowed to know what was said in the senior faculty meeting where my case was discussed. JF: If I am not mistaken, you have been up for review at Yale before, correct? You can support Prof. Prof.
Energy hierarchy The Energy Hierarchy with the most favoured options at the top The Energy Hierarchy is a classification of energy options, prioritised to assist progress towards a more sustainable energy system. It is a similar approach to the waste hierarchy for minimising resource depletion, and adopts a parallel sequence. The highest priorities cover the prevention of unnecessary energy usage both through eliminating waste and improving energy efficiency. The sustainable production of energy resources is the next priority. Depletive and waste-producing energy generation options are the lowest priority. For an energy system to be sustainable: the resources applied to producing the energy must be capable of lasting indefinitely; energy conversion should produce no harmful by-products, including net emissions, nor wastes which cannot be fully recycled; and it must be capable of meeting reasonable energy demands. Energy saving Many countries have agencies to encourage energy saving.
David Graeber Zoom Met twee linkse intellectuelen uit de arbeidersklasse als ouders, groeide David Graeber in een coöperatief appartement in New York. Hij staat bekend als anarchist, activist en radicaal. Tegelijkertijd wordt hij door academici als een van de beste antropologen ter wereld beschouwd. Graeber (1961), studeerde aan Purchase College of the State University of New York en behaalde zijn mastersgraad en PhD aan de University of Chicago. Aan Yale University werkte hij vervolgens zeven jaar als assistent-docent, maar net voordat hij in aanmerking zou komen voor een vaste positie werd zijn contract niet verlengd. De universiteit bood uiteindelijk een betaalde sabbatical van een jaar aan als Graeber zijn beroep zou laten varen. Schuld Naast talloze andere bijdragen aan zijn vakgebied, schreef hij onlangs een boek over de geschiedenis en de gevolgen van schuld en krediet voor de menselijke samenleving. ‘Debt is the quantification of promise’ David Graeber, in een interview met Labyrint Occupy
Need theory Need for achievement People who are achievement-motivated typically prefer to master a task or situation. They prefer working on tasks of moderate difficulty, prefer work in which the results are based on their effort rather than on anything else, and prefer to receive feedback on their work. Need for affiliation People who have a need for affiliation prefer to spend time creating and maintaining social relationships, enjoy being a part of groups, and have a desire to feel loved and accepted. Need for power Main article: Need for power This motivational need stems from a person's desire to influence, teach, or encourage others. Effect on management McClelland's research showed that 80% of the population are dominant in one, two, or all three of these three types of motivation. References ^ Jump up to: a b c d McClelland's Human Motivation Theory.
David Graeber Fired From Yale Because of Politics By Yvonne After a decision at a meeting convened by tenured faculty at the department of anthropology, Yale University, David Graeberâ€™s contract was not renewed. This is not a situation of David being denied tenure, but rather that the extension of his contract has been denied, and this is an extremely rare situation. In light of his exemplary scholarship and mentoring, many of Davidâ€™s students and colleagues strongly support his continuing at Yale. To this end we have created an open petition. As the review process of the decision is going to take place very soon, we request you to support this endeavor by signing this petition as soon as possible. Keywords: Anarchism, Political Repression, News, local, Education & Schools, After a decision at a meeting convened by tenured faculty at the department of anthropology, Yale University, David Graeberâ€™s contract was not renewed.
Human Development Index World map indicating the category of Human Development Index by country (based on 2013 data; published July 24, 2014). The 2010 Human Development Report introduced an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI). While the simple HDI remains useful, it stated that "the IHDI is the actual level of human development (accounting for inequality)" and "the HDI can be viewed as an index of 'potential' human development (or the maximum IHDI that could be achieved if there were no inequality)". Origins Dimensions and calculation New method (2010 Report onwards) Published on 4 November 2010 (and updated on 10 June 2011), starting with the 2010 Human Development Report the HDI combines three dimensions: A long and healthy life: Life expectancy at birthEducation index: Mean years of schooling and Expected years of schoolingA decent standard of living: GNI per capita (PPP US$) In its 2010 Human Development Report, the UNDP began using a new method of calculating the HDI. 1.
InsideHE: Early Exit Yale University is getting rid of a popular anthropology professor, setting off protests from supporters who believe he is losing his job for being an anarchist and for visibly backing graduate student unionization. As the professor considers filing a formal grievance with the university, anthropologists and labor officials nationwide have already organized an online petition signed by 3,000 people. The decision not to renew David Graeber’s contract after the end of the 2005-6 academic year was made in a private meeting of 12 senior faculty members who are required to keep the proceedings confidential. ( Inside Higher Ed contacted several who said they could not comment.) In the absence of an explanation from the panel, Graeber and his supporters insist that the decision could not have been made based on his work. "His scholarship was at the level he would have had tenure at any normal university," said Marshall Sahlins, an anthropology professor at the University of Chicago.
Capitalism The degree of competition, role of intervention and regulation, and scope of state ownership varies across different models of capitalism. Economists, political economists, and historians have taken different perspectives in their analysis of capitalism and recognized various forms of it in practice. These include laissez-faire capitalism, welfare capitalism, crony capitalism and state capitalism; each highlighting varying degrees of dependency on markets, public ownership, and inclusion of social policies. The extent to which different markets are free, as well as the rules defining private property, is a matter of politics and policy. Etymology The term capitalist as referring to an owner of capital (rather than its meaning of someone adherent to the economic system) shows earlier recorded use than the term capitalism, dating back to the mid-17th century. Economic elements The essential feature of capitalism is the investment of money in order to make a profit.