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7 Ways Women and Girls Are Stereotyped, Sexualized, and Underrepresented on Screen

7 Ways Women and Girls Are Stereotyped, Sexualized, and Underrepresented on Screen
It's no big revelation that women and minority actors have long struggled to land prominent roles in big-budget Hollywood fare. And entertainment and media's oversexualization of women (even in Olympics coverage) has always been pretty damn bald-faced. But how about kids' TV shows, or family movies? The Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media (founded in 2004 by the Oscar-winning actress and United Nations special envoy) has published a new report (PDF) detailing the stereotypes, barriers, and straight-up exploitation that still define how badly women and girls are treated on screen. The study takes a deep dive into prime-time television, as well as children's programming and family-friendly films. Women are scarcer in prime-time shows and family films, and those films depict "fewer women in prestigious occupational positions," the study notes. Check out some of the stunning stats below: Image credits: Walt Disney Pictures ; CBS ; HBO ; NBC ; Group W Productions ; 20th Century Fox ; TBS

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From Sports Illustrated, the Latest Body Part for Women to Fix Photo A FEW years ago I got a Groupon for laser hair removal. Sitting in the waiting room, I saw a couple: a pretty girl in the lap of an older, well-groomed, hair-gelled guy. When the nurse called the young woman’s name they both stood up, the guy asking, shyly, if it would be O.K. if he came in, too. Television (TV) and Children: Your Child: University of Michigan Health System What do I need to know about children and TV? Television (TV) has its good side. It can be entertaining and educational, and can open up new worlds for kids, giving them a chance to travel the globe, learn about different cultures, and gain exposure to ideas they may never encounter in their own community. Shows with a prosocial message can have a positive effect on kids' behavior; programs with positive role models can influence viewers to make positive lifestyle changes. However, the reverse can also be true: Kids are likely to learn things from TV that parents don't want them to learn.

Gender Stereotypes in Children's Television Cartoons Gender Stereotypes in Children's Television Cartoons Kelly Eick, May, 1998 Abstract This study is based on an analysis of four popular television cartoons in regard to their portrayals of gender stereotypes.

Gender Stereotyping in Childrens Television The belief that boys are rough and stuff and girls are weak and defenseless, is the misconceived, preconceived notion of gender roles. Also referred to as gender stereotyping. This stereotyping of gender starts as early as birth. Our parents find out what sex we are and immediately put us in the correct gender clothing. For some girls its pink everything, and blue for boys. They provide us with either girl toys (dolls, make-up, dress up clothes) or boy toys(monster trucks, race cars,building sets).

The Disturbing Way Some Teens Are Really Using Instagram Jessie discovered it accidentally. "It was on the popular page," he told me. "I thought it was just a hot guy with his shirt off." Jessie, a 20-something male in New York, had clicked on what he thought was an innocuous selfie on Instagram, the kind of photo we've come to expect from a generation which thinks the best way to prove your worth is to purse your lips while staring into a water-stained bathroom mirror. Bias in reporting of international conflict and war: Research on the Libyan Civil War Demonstrations in Bayda, Libya, 2011 (Wikimedia) The way reporters and editors characterize armed conflicts can have consequences: It helps shape public opinion and set the agenda, thereby creating political pressure and influencing policymakers. Researchers have long examined issues of reporting “bias” — the systematic over- or under-reporting of events — and how “norms of newsworthiness” shape story framing, angles, language and selection of facts. “Slant” is sometimes attributed to the ownership of news organizations, but recent research has suggested the more powerful explanation is that news outlets are responsive to the preferences of their audiences, which prefer like-minded news. Deeply embedded incentive structures, often operating almost unconsciously, influence how reporters and editors anticipate the demands of their audience and the marketplace. The study’s findings include:

White racial attitudes over time: Data from the General Social Survey March on Washington, D.C., 1963 (Wikimedia) The fatal shooting of teenager Michael Brown by a police officer in Ferguson, Mo., in August 2014, and the subsequent protests and police actions, has prompted an outpouring of analysis and opinion about the issue of race in America, as well as law enforcement behavior. Many commentators have speculated about patterns of racism and racist views in American society. Linda Williams (film scholar) Linda Williams (born December 18, 1946) is a professor of film studies in the departments of Film Studies and Rhetoric at University of California, Berkeley. Williams graduated from University of California, Berkeley with a B.A in Comparative Literature in 1969, and then gained a PhD at the University of Colorado for her dissertation subsequently published as Figures of Desire: A Theory and Analysis of Surrealist Film.[1] Her main academic areas of interest are; film history, film genre, melodrama, pornography, feminist theory and visual culture; all with an emphasis on women, gender, race, and sexuality.[1] With respect to film genres, she argues that horror, melodrama, and pornography all fall into the category of "body genres", since they are each designed to elicit physical reactions on the part of viewers. Figures of Desire: A Theory and Analysis of Surrealist Film, University of Illinois Press, 1981. Paperback edition: University of California Press, 1992, ISBN 0-520-07896-9

Victoria's Secret Models Reveal All With No-Makeup Snapshots Victoria's Secret Models Reveal All With No-Makeup... Victoria's Secret Models Reveal All With No-Makeup Snapshots Life Entertainment Moira.Ghazal for TrendyJoe There's been a whole #nomakeup trend circulating the internet in waves that ebb and flow as time goes on. I Know the Rules- I Just Don’t Care I Know the Rules- I Just Don’t Care “Yes ma’am, I know.” To the horror of the woman I was speaking to, I was in fact fully aware that my over the knee boots and very tight pants accentuated my large thighs. A very helpful woman maybe my age or a bit older whispered to me in the grocery store that my outfit might have been more flattering if I wore a tunic or long jacket. As it was my hip length cardigan combined with the boots and tight pants fully exposed my terrible secret. I have big meaty thighs.

Notes on The Gaze Daniel Chandler Laura Mulvey on film spectatorship Whilst these notes are concerned more generally with ‘the gaze’ in the mass media, the term originates in film theory and a brief discussion of its use in film theory is appropriate here. Julianne Moore, Jennifer Aniston and Reese Witherspoon rebuff mani cam - Arts & Entertainment Julianne Moore, Jennifer Aniston and Reese Witherspoon all rebuffed a request to participate in what's becoming a troubled awards show tradition: E!'s red carpet mani cam. The Hollywood A-listers all refused to put their digits in the device at Sunday night's Screen Actors Guild Awards in Los Angeles, raising questions about the appropriateness of the mani cam and sparking a discussion about feminism online.

What Science Tells Us About the 'Ideal' Body Shape for Women  Many scholars of Renaissance art tell us that Botticelli's Birth of Venus (c. 1486, pictured above) captures the tension between the celestial perfection of divine beauty and its flawed earthly manifestation. As classical ideas blossomed anew in 15th-century Florence, Botticelli could not have missed the popular Neoplatonic notion that contemplating earthly beauty teaches us about the divine. Evolutionary biologists aren't all that Neoplatonic. Like most scientists, we've long stopped contemplating the celestial, having -- to appropriate Laplace's immortal words to Napoleon -- "no need of that hypothesis." It is the messy imperfection of the real world that interests us on its own terms. My own specialty concerns the messy conflicts that inhere to love, sex and beauty.