Critical Concepts Verbal Irony Verbal irony is a figure of speech. In sarcasm, the two stand in opposition. Example: Mother comes into the TV room and discovers her 11-year-old watching South Park instead of doing his homework, as he was set to a dozen minutes ago. The term comes directly into English from the Greek sarkasmos, which in turn derives from the ugly verb sarkazsein, "to tear the flesh" (used of dogs). Example: "My, you've certainly made a mess of things!" In overstatement, the meaning that ordinarily attaches to what is said is an exaggeration of what the speaker uses it to mean. Example: Someone tells us of an occasion on which he told an off-color joke about a grandmother and then realized to his surprise that his own grandmother, a prim and proper lady, happened to be standing right behind him. Well, if he literally died, we should be pretty spooked, because we're face to face with a corpse! Examples: "The speaker was somewhat hyperbolic in his praise of the deceased."
Examples of IronyIrony pervades contemporary language. From its use in sarcasm, comedy and just everyday conversation, irony has long transcended from only being a literary device. Irony can best be defined as that middle ground between what is said and what is meant, or others’ understanding of what was said and what was meant. It can sometimes be a bit confusing, yet at the same time it can also be amusing. There are several examples of irony which can be summed up in various categories. Situational Irony This type of irony may occur when the outcome of a certain situation is completely different than what was initially expected. Examples of irony in the situational category include a contradiction or sharp contrast. Example: A person who claims to be a vegan and avoids meat but will eat a slice of pepperoni pizza because they are hungry. For more examples, check out Examples of Irony in History. Cosmic Irony This type of irony can be attributed to some sort of misfortune. Example: Gambling. Dramatic Irony
The Delete Checklist – K.M. AllanWords. You can’t be a writer without them. We use them to convey our thoughts and feelings, to create worlds and the characters living in them. Words give us our voice, but they can also muddle it. Just because you can write using all the words doesn’t mean that you should. Being too wordy can actually be a bad thing. By removing unnecessary words, you’re left with strong, clear prose. But some of these words add depth and character, you might argue. This isn’t a complete checklist. The Rules Please remember that not every instance needs to be deleted. If it makes sense without it, cut it.If it’s needed for clarity/depth/etc, keep it. The Delete Checklist For those wondering if you’ll have any words left after going through this list, keep the following example in mind… Jessica knelt down to get the fallen streamer and threw it in the bin. Not only is adding down twice in one sentence bad writing, it’s the perfect example of why you should have a delete checklist. — K.M. Like this: Related
Writing Thesauruses v1English tests - Learn English - Online grammar tests, dictation tests, vocabulary tests, memory tests, daily test, and reading and comprehension testsLearn English Free Test Your English How To Use This Page Here you will find English tests online to test your listening, memory, vocabulary, reading and comprehension, spelling and grammar skills. Some of the tests will open up in a new browser window, when you have finished the game just close the window. Business English | Confusing words | Dictation | Gap Fill | Grammar | Memory Placement | Reading and Comprehension | Sorting and Matching | Spelling Tests | Vocabulary English Quizzes | English Games These tests have been developed to work best using Chrome, Firefox or IE. Business English Business English abbreviations test - How much do you know about abbreviations used in business? Job Titles - Do you know who does what in a company? Which department - Can you name the departments in a company? Confusing words Any vs Some Been vs Gone Borrow vs Lend By vs Until Check vs Control He's vs His Human | Man | People| Person | Persons I / Me / My Say / Tell / Ask There / Their / They're To / Too / Two !
The Weak Word Checklist – K.M. AllanNot all words are created equal, and as a writer, you can devote many hours to finding the best perfect one. While playing with word choice and re-writing sentences until you get them just right can help capture what you’re trying to invoke, a weak word can do the opposite. But how do you know which exact words will pull the strength from your sentences? That’s a skill you’ll learn to develop as you grow as a writer. The Rules Use your Find/Search function to scour your MS for the following words. If your sentence makes sense without the weak word – Delete itIf the weak word adds clarity – Keep itIf deleting the weak word makes the sentence better but confusing – Delete the word and rewrite the sentence The Weak Word Checklist Feel free to add or remove any words to suit your style and voice. Deleting A Weak Word For A Stronger Sentence – Eve spoke, cutting Sarah off before she could even think about opening her mouth. – Eve spoke, cutting Sarah off before she could open her mouth. — K.M.
Writing Thesauruses v2 (updated)Daily Grammar - Improve your writing with our free grammar lessonsFeelings and Emotions Vocabulary Word ListAdvertisement. EnchantedLearning.com is a user-supported site. As a bonus, site members have access to a banner-ad-free version of the site, with print-friendly pages.Click here to learn more. (Already a member? Click here.) More Word ListsPunctuation TipsPunctuation marks are to writing what vocal delivery is to speech. Can you imagine talking in a monotone without pause? Your audience would have difficulty making sense of your words, let alone figuring out where emphasis and nuance belong. If you drain the punctuation from your writing, you have no louds, no softs, no expression, no innuendo. You need to understand exactly what each mark can and cannot do, as well as the message it gives to your reader. Dashes First of all, a dash is not a hyphen. Dashes do three jobs, each of which can be accomplished by another punctuation mark. 1. 2. 3. Surrounding an interruption Examples: My daughter—Rebecca—has an imaginary playmate. My neighbor’s children—Sima, Sarah, and Sam—interact with the real kids on our block. Note: In the first example, the dashes give the interruption more emphasis than commas or parentheses would. Leading to an afterthought Rebecca speaks to her friend in a private language—one that I don’t understand. Hyphens More examples: or