Buddhism and the Brain Credit: Flickr user eschipul Over the last few decades many Buddhists and quite a few neuroscientists have examined Buddhism and neuroscience, with both groups reporting overlap. I’m sorry to say I have been privately dismissive. One hears this sort of thing all the time, from any religion, and I was sure in this case it would break down upon closer scrutiny. When a scientific discovery seems to support any religious teaching, you can expect members of that religion to become strict empiricists, telling themselves and the world that their belief is grounded in reality. They are always less happy to accept scientific data they feel contradicts their preconceived beliefs. But science isn’t supposed to care about preconceived notions. Despite my doubts, neurology and neuroscience do not appear to profoundly contradict Buddhist thought. Buddhists say pretty much the same thing. Mr. Although I despaired, I comforted myself by looking at the overlying cortex. The next day Mr.
Stripping the Gurus—... To a Nunnery Nearly everyone is familiar with those three little monkey-figures that depict the maxim, “See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil.” I emphasize the positive approach: “See that which is good, hear that which is good, speak that which is good.” And smell, taste, and feel that which is good; think that which is good; love that which is good. Be enthroned in the castle of goodness, and your memories will be like beautiful flowers in a garden of noble dreams (Yogananda, 1986). For all future time, Paramahansa Yogananda ... will be regarded as one of the very greatest of India’s ambassadors of the Higher Culture to the New World (W. PARAMAHANSA YOGANANDA WAS the first yoga master from India to spend the greater part of his life in North America. Born in northeast India near the Himalayan border in 1893, Yogananda began practicing kriya yoga in his early years, and met his guru, Sri Yukteswar, at age seventeen. I have seen God myself. Swamiji was a phenomenon. I was charmed at this miracle.
Abu Bakr As a young man, Abu Bakr became a merchant and he traveled extensively in Arabia and neighboring lands in the Middle East, through which he gained both wealth and experience. He eventually came to be recognized as the chief of his clan. On his return from a business trip to Yemen, he was informed that in his absence Muhammad had openly declared his prophethood. Not long after, Abu Bakr accepted Islam and was the first person outside the family of Muhammad to openly become a Muslim. He was instrumental in the conversion of many people to the Islamic faith and early in 623, Abu Bakr's daughter Aisha was married to Muhammad, strengthening the ties between the two men. Abu Bakr served as a trusted advisor and close friend to Muhammad. Abu Bakr's Caliphate lasted for a little over two years (or 27 months), ending with his death after an illness. Lineage and title Islamic Empire during the reign of Abu Bakr. There is a dispute over his name being Abdullah. Early life
Asceticism Asceticism (/əˈsɛtɪsɪz(ə)m/; from the Greek: ἄσκησις áskēsis, "exercise" or "training") is a lifestyle characterized by abstinence from various worldly pleasures, often with the aim of pursuing spiritual goals. Many religious traditions, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and some Christian groups (for example, the Desert Fathers) include practices that involve restraint with respect to actions of body, speech, and mind. The founders and earliest practitioners of these religions lived extremely austere lifestyles, refraining from sensual pleasures and the accumulation of material wealth. They practised asceticism not as a rejection of the enjoyment of life, or because the practices themselves are virtuous, but as an aid in the pursuit of physical and metaphysical health. Etymology The adjective "ascetic" derives from the ancient Greek term askēsis, which means training or exercise. Sociological and psychological views Religious motivation Bahá'í Faith
Dervish A Dervish or Darvesh (from Persian درویش, Darvīsh via Turkish, Somali: Daraawiish, Arabic: درويش, Darwīš) is someone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path or "Tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity. In this respect, Dervishes are most similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus. Etymology The Persian word darvīsh (درویش) is of ancient origin and descends from a Proto-Iranian word that appears in Avestan as drigu-, "needy, mendicant", via Middle Persian driyosh The Iranian word is probably a cognate with the Vedic Sanskrit word adhrigu-, an epithet of uncertain meaning applied to several deities. Religious practice A dervish. Many Dervishes are mendicant ascetics who have taken a vow of poverty, unlike mullahs. Of what avail is frock, or rosary,Or clouted garment? Rumi writes in Book 1 of his Masnavi: Whirling Dervishes Orders Dervish State Brooklyn Museum - A Family of Dervishes Mahdists
Institute for the Study of Human Knowledge The Institute for the Study of Human Knowledge (ISHK) is a non-profit educational charity and publisher established in 1969 by the noted and award-winning psychologist and writer Robert E. Ornstein and based in Los Altos, California, in the USA. Its watchword is "public education: health and human nature information." Founder Ornstein's The Psychology of Consciousness (1972) was enthusiastically received by the academic psychology community. More recent works include The Right Mind (1997), described as "a cutting edge picture of how the two sides of the brain work". Aims and activities ISHK's primary aim is public education, by providing new information on health and human nature through its book service, through its children's imprint Hoopoe Books and adult imprint Malor Books, which includes the works of Robert Ornstein. In 2010, ISHK set up a web site for a project entitled The Human Journey. See also References External links
Robert E. Ornstein Robert Evan Ornstein (born 1942) is an American psychologist, researcher and author. He has taught at the Langley Porter Neuropsychiatric Institute, based at the University of California Medical Center in San Francisco, and been professor at Stanford University and chairman of the Institute for the Study of Human Knowledge (ISHK). Life Early life and education Robert Evan Ornstein was born in 1942 in Brooklyn, New York, USA, and grew up in the city. In 1964 he was awarded a bachelor's degree in psychology at Queen's College, and went on to gain a PhD at Stanford University, California in 1968. His doctoral thesis was On the Experience of Time. Psychology career Partial bibliography Books written Books edited Ornstein, Robert E. Academic monographs Physiological Studies of Consciousness (Institute for Cultural Research, 1973) See also References External links Official website
Idries Shah Idries Shah (16 June 1924 – 23 November 1996) (Persian: ادریس شاه, Urdu: ادریس شاه, Hindi: इदरीस शाह), also known as Idris Shah, né Sayed Idries el-Hashimi (Arabic: سيد إدريس هاشمي) and by the pen name Arkon Daraul, was an author and teacher in the Sufi tradition who wrote over three dozen books on topics ranging from psychology and spirituality to travelogues and culture studies. In his writings, Shah presented Sufism as a universal form of wisdom that predated Islam. Emphasizing that Sufism was not static but always adapted itself to the current time, place and people, he framed his teaching in Western psychological terms. Shah was at times criticised by orientalists who questioned his credentials and background. Early life Shah mainly grew up in the vicinity of London. According to L. Shah described his own unconventional upbringing in a 1971 BBC interview with Pat Williams. Books on magic and the occult In an interview in Psychology Today from 1975, Shah elaborated:
Qanun Qanun or Kanun may refer to: