10 Top Photography Composition Rules There are no fixed rules in photography, but there are guidelines which can often help you to enhance the impact of your photos. It may sound clichéd, but the only rule in photography is that there are no rules. However, there are are number of established composition guidelines which can be applied in almost any situation, to enhance the impact of a scene. These guidelines will help you take more compelling photographs, lending them a natural balance, drawing attention to the important parts of the scene, or leading the viewer's eye through the image. Once you are familiar with these composition tips, you'll be surprised at just how universal most of them are. You'll spot them everywhere, and you'll find it easy to see why some photos "work" while others feel like simple snapshots. Rule of Thirds Imagine that your image is divided into 9 equal segments by 2 vertical and 2 horizontal lines. Doing so will add balance and interest to your photo. Balancing Elements Leading Lines Viewpoint Depth
Canon EF-S 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6 IS Lens Image Quality Note: Sample crops are intended to be used in context with the lens review My Recommended Retailers Rent the Canon EF-S 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6 IS Lens Do you need/want the Canon EF-S 18-200mm f/3.5-5.6 IS Lens for only a short period of time? Or, would you feel more comfortable buying after having a hands-on trial period? The Tip Jar
Balance in photography an important composition techniques What does balance in photography mean? If you place every element of interest in a photograph on one side or another, or more commonly by the beginners in the center of the image, you are leaving little or nothing to look at on the opposite side. This will be a unbalanced and most likely an uninteresting image. Formal balance There are basically two types of balance in photography. Informal balance The second type, informal balance or so called asymmetrical balance is when one or more dissimilar elements are balancing on each side of a given point. If you have a large object in the image it should be counter balanced with a smaller object or objects to make a good composition. Use of asymmetrical balance is more challenging and requires more artistic skill and training to do well compared to symmetrical composition. Radial balance There is also a third type of balance in photography – radial balance. How can you achieve a good balance in your images? Light against dark.
How to find your lens' sweet spot What is a lens sweet spot? It’s something you’ve probably heard mentioned before, but all a lens’ sweet spot means is the aperture setting at which it is the sharpest (learn how to Master your aperture with our free f-stop chart). It’s important to understand that your lens doesn’t retain the same level of sharpness throughout its aperture range, so by finding your lens’ sweet spot you will put yourself in a better position for getting sharper images. The unofficial rule states that your lens’ sweet spot will usually sit somewhere in the mid-range apertures of f/8 to f/11. But how do you find that sweet spot? How to find your lens’ sweet spot Step 1: Set your digital camera on a tripod and attach a sheet of newspaper to a flat wall (see 4 tips for sharper shots when using a tripod). Step 2: Make sure your lens is pointed straight at the paper. Step 3: Look at the shots on your PC screen, zooming in to 100%. 44 essential digital camera tips and tricksDO or Di?
Improving your photography: Composition IMPROVING YOUR PHOTOGRAPHYLesson Two: Composition by Peter Ensenberger,Arizona Highways Director of Photography In a recent "Photography Talk" column, I discussed developing an awareness of light and its relationship to the subjects in your photographs. Light and shadow become integral parts of composition when skillfully incorporated, and should be your first consideration before setting up to make a photograph. Composing a photograph is essentially an editing process - deciding what to leave in and what to leave out. Here are some of the basic elements of effective composition: It is usually best to have one main subject as the focal point because a photograph can successfully tell only one story.
San Diego City College Materials for Students Please understand clearly, grades are not an entitlement; they are something you earn. If you come into a class needing a specific grade for whatever reason, getting it will be easy and straightforward -- work hard and earn it. I do not believe in what used to be called "motivational grading" that held the foolish notion that giving students good grades regardless of work product made them feel better about themselves and want to achieve more. In practice it diminished the value and credibility of the whole system and made them not motivated but lazy since they did not have to work for them. To help you feel better about yourself you need to GET better at what you do. In basic level classes I will grade you on effort and progress individually, not against each other. In the advanced or vocational classes however, I will grade your work on appropriate but more objective standards based on professional standards. Below is how I will grade different types of work.
Using Focal Points in Photography By Robert Parviainen Next time you take your digital camera out and line it up for a shot pause before you press the shutter button and ask yourself: “What is the Focal Point in this Picture?” Some other ways to ask the same question might include – What is the central point of interest? What will draw the eye of the viewers of this picture? The reason a focal point is important is that when you look at an image your eye will generally need a ‘resting place’ or something of interest to really hold it. Once you’ve identified a point of interest or focal point you then should ask yourself how you can enhance it. 6 Techniques to Enhance the Focal Point in an Image A focal point can be virtually anything ranging from a person, to a building, to a mountain, to a flower etc. Keep in mind that a combination of above elements can work well together. Lastly – don’t confuse the viewer with too many competing focal points which might overwhelm the main focal point.
Wat is scherptediepte en hoe ontstaat het? - art - shoot.be Scherptediepte is een belangrijk concept in de fotografie. Maar er bestaat heel wat verwarring over. Tijd om er even op scherp te stellen. Scherptediepte (soms foutief dieptescherpte genoemd; in het Engels depth of field) is een veelgebruikte maar vage term in de fotografie. Grote en kleine scherptediepte De voorgaande definitie is technisch niet helemaal nauwkeurig. We besparen je de theorie over hoe deze ‘aanvaardbare scherpte’ wordt berekend. De zone van de scherptediepte is niet gelijk verdeeld voor en achter het scherpstelpunt. Diafragma speelt belangrijke rol Het diafragma is de opening in de lens waar het licht door naar binnen valt. Als de andere factoren dezelfde blijven, wordt de scherptediepte kleiner naarmate het diafragma groter is. De afgeronde diafragmaopening zorgt voor een aangename onscherpte. De afstand tot het onderwerp De scherptediepte hangt ook af van de afstand tot het onderwerp waarop je scherpstelt. Je vraagt je misschien af hoe je die afstand moet meten.
» How to Add Depth to a Photo When we take a photo with our cameras, we turn a 3D image into just 2D, and that can cause problems when you’re trying to display depth. It has it’s advantages and disadvantages, depending on what you’re trying to convey with your photo, but ultimately it holds you back when you’re trying to add depth to a photo. If you’ve read many of my tutorials on composition, then you’ll know by now that by implementing some of these techniques, that you can add depth quite easily, and we’re gonna have a look at them now. Rule of Thirds The most important thing you can do is to make sure that you have a foreground and a background, and to a great way to do this is to include the rule of thirds. Frame within a Frame If you want to add a sense of depth, without including an obvious foreground subject, then using natural frames in a scene is a great way to do this. Converging Lines Placing yourself in the frame like this allows multiple lines to all converge at the same point when given enough distance.
20+ Cheatsheets & Infographics For Photographers We love cheatsheets as one can refer to them and make quick amendments to better our skills. Since many loved our last compilation of cheatsheet for designers, we’ve decided to compile another set of cheatsheets, this time for photographers. Amateur photographers, and even pros can easily benefit from these cheatsheets as it is a resource for fresh and new ideas. We’ve scoured the Web and have found a wide variety of cheatsheets covering various aspects of photography and catering to the many levels of skills and interest of anyone who calls themselves a photographer. Most of the pictures you see here are cropped for a nice fit, so remember to click on the links to check out the entire cheatsheet or infographic. Recommended Reading: Five Vital Black & White Photography Tips Focal Lengths Manual Photography 3 Ways to Affect Depth of Field What Your Camera Captures At Every Lens’ Focal Length Photography Cheatsheet 3 Elements of Exposure Color Temperature Scale F-Stop Chart Lighting Modifiers
» Basic Composition Techniques: Triangles Introduction to Triangles Triangles are in almost everything we see, in one way or another, it’s just a case of distinguishing them and knowing what to do with them. They make great compositional tools as they’re easy to make, manipulate, and are remarkably common. Triangles are a great way of combining different compositional techniques such as lines and paths and using them to create a more interesting part of a photograph, but the best part about using a triangle is their ability to make a photo feel stable or unstable. Why use Triangles It’s not really a case of why you should be using triangles in your composition, because you’ll come to realise that the inclusion of triangles is inevitable, it’s more about why you should be using them properly. Triangles are a great way of grouping together three points of a photograph and organising them so they portray a certain feeling such as stability, agression, instability, etc. How to Create a Triangle Implied Triangles Converging Triangles
[Fstoppers Original] What Is Lens Diffraction And When Does Diffraction Happen? If you are like me then you might not always get caught up in some of the super technical aspects of photography. One aspect of photography I recently investigated was the loss of sharpness caused by Diffraction. Last night while playing with the new Nikon D800 camera I examined lens diffraction and how diffraction can seriously affect the sharpness of your photography. One thing that always blew my mind in science class was when my professors told me light can act both as a particle and as a wave (quantum physics was never my strong suit). Diffraction in simple terms is a phenomena that occurs with light when it interacts with an obstacle. So what does this all mean for your photography, and how does diffraction make images soft? After reviewing the results and seeing first hand how super small apertures can decrease sharpness, I decided to test something more static and remove as many variables as possible such as camera and subject movement and lens focusing distances. Related