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Struggle Means Learning: Difference in Eastern and Western Cultures

Struggle Means Learning: Difference in Eastern and Western Cultures
By Alix Spiegel In 1979, when Jim Stigler was still a graduate student at the University of Michigan, he went to Japan to research teaching methods and found himself sitting in the back row of a crowded fourth-grade math class. “The teacher was trying to teach the class how to draw three-dimensional cubes on paper,” Stigler explains, “and one kid was just totally having trouble with it. His cube looked all cockeyed, so the teacher said to him, ‘Why don’t you go put yours on the board?’ Stigler knew that in American classrooms, it was usually the best kid in the class who was invited to the board. In Japanese classrooms, teachers consciously design tasks that are slightly beyond the capabilities of the students they teach, so the students can actually experience struggling with something just outside their reach. “I realized that I was sitting there starting to perspire,” he says, “because I was really empathizing with this kid. But the kid didn’t break into tears. ‘Struggle’ Related Related:  Discovery LearningVirtual School TipsLehren

5 Problem-Solving Techniques For Every Aspect Of Life “I don’t have enough time.” “I have too many meetings.” “My experience tells me this project is doomed.” Sound familiar? “Ideas solve problems,” says Danny Schuman, speaking earlier this week at Chicago Ideas Week. The joy of solving is recognizing how you solve problems so you can solve them better, but also finding out how others solve so you can borrow their magic, Schuman explains. Schuman spent a year interviewing 50 people in a number of fields (from technology and law to business and health care), gathering insight into how left and right-brained people approach problem solving. Through his research, Schuman identified five paths to solving any problem, business or otherwise: 1. The generous path is characterized by giving of yourself, Schuman explains. Really great leaders give of themselves freely, but often do so unconsciously, Schuman observes. 2. Central to the pragmatic approach are planning, process, and focus, Schuman says. 3. 4. 5.

Can Everyone Be Smart at Everything? Recent studies question the theory of native intelligences. If they have to work hard, does that mean they're not smart? When a student gets a good grade, wins an award, or proudly holds up a painting, we all know by now that we’re not supposed to say, “Good job!” Praising the achievement rather than the effort will backfire. To a kid, “Good job” means “You’re smart” or “You’re talented” — the praise goes to inherent, natural-born abilities or intelligence. Kids who are praised for their intelligence end up caring more about grades, trophies, and awards than those who are praised for their effort, according to the famous 1998 Stanford report “Effects of Intelligence and Effort Praise” by Claudia Mueller and Carol Dweck. Kids might think that if they have to work hard at something, that must mean they’re not smart. Why is that such a bad thing? In more recent years, research on how the brain learns is building on those studies. Another researcher added more nuance. Related

Why Kids Need to Tinker to Learn The Maker Movement has inspired progressive educators to bring more hands-on learning and tinkering into classrooms, and educator Gary Stager would like to see formal schooling be influenced by the Maker Movement, which has inspired young learners to tinker, to learn by doing, and take agency for their learning. One way teachers can incorporate the Maker Movement into the classroom is through project-based learning (PBL), and learning prompts should be “brief, ambiguous and immune to assessment,” Sager said at ISTE. “The best projects push up against the resistance of reality. They work or they don’t work.” Kids simply need a supportive environment to tinker with an idea long enough to make it work, Stager said. [RELATED: Harvard Wants to Know: How Does Making Change Kids’ Brain?] Allowing kids to deeply engage with a project they are passionate about also helps produce more positive memories of school, Stager said.

Breaking the Mold: School Fosters Design and Discovery Flickr: Exploratorium What do we do in a world where learning is no longer directly tied to an institution, and is being placed into the hands of the learner? Will Richardson posed this perennial question to educators recently at the ISTE conference. His question highlights a key tension: those with control over education policy are making decisions on the old model of schooling — knowledge held by teachers who deliver information to students — while young learners are clamoring for something different. “There’s not much I need you for when it comes to my child learning something,” Richardson said to teachers. “Modern learning is more about discovery,” Richardson said. “We don’t need school to be better, we need schools to be really, really different.” “We don’t need school to be better, we need schools to be really, really different,” he said. Richardson’s three ideas for changing the way society thinks about learning that have nothing to do with student achievement on test scores. 1. 2.

Power Notes Classroom Strategies Download a Graphic Organizer Word Doc (106 KB)PDF (144 KB) Background Power Notes is a strategy that teaches students an efficient form of organizing information from assigned text. This technique provides students a systematic way to look for relationships within material they are reading. Benefits Power Notes offer an easy to follow activity for categorizing information. Create the strategy The teacher should begin by discussing the assigned topic or text. Power 1 Animals Power 2 Dog Power 3 Cocker Spaniel Power 3 Dachshund Power 2 Cat Power 3 Siamese Power 3 Calico Point out how the powers relate to each other: power 2's offer examples or elaboration of power 1's, power 3's provide examples or elaboration of power 2's, and so on. Use the strategy Teachers should provide students with the Power 1 category or main idea. Power Notes are written using the following format: Power 1 = Main Idea of the information. Power 2 = Detail or supportive information for Power 1 above.

How Videogames Like Minecraft Actually Help Kids Learn to Read Brecht Vandenbroucke Minecraft is the hot new videogame among teachers and parents. It's considered genuinely educational: Like an infinite set of programmable Lego blocks, it's a way to instill spatial reasoning, math, and logic—the skills beloved by science and technology educators. But from what I've seen, it also teaches something else: good old-fashioned reading and writing. How does it do this? This is complex, challenging material. How could they do this? Hannah Gerber, a literacy researcher at Sam Houston State University, found much the same thing. Passion for games drives writing too. I'm praising Minecraft, but nearly all games have this effect. Go Back to Top.

American Schools Are Training Kids for a World That Doesn't Exist Are Americans getting dumber? Our math skills are falling. Our reading skills are weakening. Our kids learn within a system of education devised for a world that increasingly does not exist. To become a chef, a lawyer, a philosopher or an engineer, has always been a matter of learning what these professionals do, how and why they do it, and some set of general facts that more or less describe our societies and our selves. We “learn,” and after this we “do.” This approach does not map very well to personal and professional success in America today. Over the next twenty years the earth is predicted to add another two billion people. David Edwards About David Edwards is a professor at Harvard University and the founder of Le Laboratoire. Americans need to learn how to discover. Being dumb in the existing educational system is bad enough. Against this arresting background, an exciting new kind of learning is taking place in America. Because that’s what discoverers do. A New Kind of Learning Lab

How to Help Your Student Develop Scheduling Skills Whether a student is enrolled in a virtual or brick-and-mortar school, he or she will have to develop scheduling skills that help with prioritizing schoolwork. With so many activities competing for a student's attention during the school year, summer is a perfect time to plan a fun project that will help your student hone his or her organizing skills. Students, especially those in middle and high school, are eager to gain independence and demonstrate their reliability. There's no better way to do this than by giving them a project to manage on their own. Ideally, your student's project should be a multi-day process that he or she can complete alone or with minimal assistance. Identify a Goal No project should be started without knowing where it should end. We would love to hear about projects your student is planning.

Digital Skills Every Teacher should Have By EdTech Team Updated on march 2, 2015 : The original list that was created in 2011 comprised 33 skills , after reviewing it we decided to do some merging and finally ended up with the 20 skills below. The 21st century teacher should be able to : 1- Create and edit digital audio Here are some tools for teachers to develop this skill :Free Audio Tools for Teachers 2- Use Social bookmarking to share resources with and between learners Here are some tools for teachers to develop this skill : A List of Best Bookmarking Websites for Teachers 3- Use blogs and wikis to create online platforms for students Here are some tools for teachers to develop this skill : Great Tools to Create Protected Blogs and Webpages for your Class 4- Exploit digital images for classroom use Here are some tools for teachers to develop this skill :Web Tools to Edit Pictures without Installing any softwareTools to Convert Photos into Cartoons

Using crafts as a method of Discovery Learning for your child - Charleston Children's Crafts Now that school in the Charleston area is back in full swing, many parents are looking for ways to help their young children learn. The Discovery Learning method, a way of allowing your child to “learn by doing,” can be easily used in craft activities. By allowing you child explore the crafts freely, you open him or her up to learn new skills and build on old ones. The Discovery Learning method was first introduced in the 1960s by Jerome Bruner. Discovery Learning methods are still in use today in many schools. Putting the Discovery Learning principles to work with your child is very simple. By allowing your child to “learn by doing,” you can increase his problem solving skills. 5 Steps toward Independence in High School If you’re ready to start the next phase of your education—and life—in high school, then you have plenty to anticipate. High school is a time when you can have fun, expand your interests, and gain new responsibilities. In other words, high school is when you start transitioning into adulthood. Parents and Learning Coaches, it’s time to step back and offer your support while your student navigates through his or her high school years. Here are five steps that students can take to become more independent. Take control of your education. By now, you’re pretty good at handling your schoolwork each week. Look at the list below and see how many statements are true about you: You can follow routines and establish your own schedule. Do you have all of these independent study skills? Find your first job. After you gain more independence in the classroom, you can start gaining more responsibility outside of school. Keep in mind that your flexible schedule could open up more job opportunities. Graduate.

Organization for Quality Education: The Myth of Ability People who claim that they were born without mathematical ability will often admit that they were good at the subject until a certain grade, as though the gene for mathematics carried a definite expiry date. Most people will also recall an unusual coincidence: that the year their ability disappeared, they had a particularly bad teacher. Perhaps more than in any other subject, in mathematics it is easy to turn a good student into a bad one in a very short time. As well, mathematical knowledge is cumulative: a child who misses a step in the development of a concept cannot go on. Based on my observations of hundreds of students, I predict that with proper teaching and minimal tutorial support, a grade 3 class could easily reach a grade 6 or 7 level in all areas of the mathematics curriculum without a single student being left behind. Imagine how far children might go (and how much they might enjoy learning) if they were offered this kind of support throughout their school years.

Discovery Learning - Educational Learning Theories What is Discovery Learning? Discovery Learning is described as inquiry-based instruction and the belief that learners are best educated when they discover facts about their world for themselves. It involves Inquiry-based learning as well as constructivism. Discovery Learning Theorists Bruner Dewey Piaget Vygotsky Discovery learning is an inquiry-based, constructivist learning theory. Advantages of the Discovery Learning Theory active engagementmotivatespromotes self and responsibility helps develop problem solving skills individual learning experience YouTube Video-Discovery Learning Web page created by Erika Gerlach ETC 547

Uncovering the Reason for Underachieving Is your student not working up to his or her full potential? You recognize the signs: constant complaints, procrastination, and poor performance. Whether underachieving is an ongoing problem or a new trend for your child, it’s a normal experience—in fact, struggling is a predictable part of the learning process. “I think that from very early ages we [in America] see struggle as an indicator that you’re just not very smart,” says Jim Stigler, a professor of psychology at UCLA. Western cultures often think of struggling as a negative, but Asian cultures view struggling as an opportunity to learn and persevere. “In Eastern cultures, Stigler says, it’s just assumed that struggle is a predictable part of the learning process. When you examine the situation from that perspective, both you and your child have a chance to persevere. If your student is underachieving, it doesn’t mean that he or she is naturally lazy or indifferent about school. Loneliness Boredom A bad attitude Loneliness Boredom

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