Size of market Stocks are partitioned in various ways. One common way is by the country where the company is domiciled. For example, Nestle, Roche, and Novartis are domiciled in Switzerland, so they are part of the Swiss stock market. The size of the world stock market was estimated at about $36.6 trillion at the beginning of October 2008. The total world derivatives market has been estimated at about $791 trillion face or nominal value, 11 times the size of the entire world economy. The value of the derivatives market, because it is stated in terms of notional values, cannot be directly compared to a stock or a fixed income security, which traditionally refers to an actual value. Stock exchanges Stocks are listed and traded on stock exchanges which are entities of a corporation or mutual organization specialized in the business of bringing buyers and sellers of the organizations to a listing of stocks and securities together. Trade Market participants
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Balance of tradeThe commercial balance or net exports (sometimes symbolized as NX), is the difference between the monetary value of exports and imports of output in an economy over a certain period, measured in the currency of that economy. It is the relationship between a nation's imports and exports. A positive balance is known as a trade surplus if it consists of exporting more than is imported; a negative balance is referred to as a trade deficit or, informally, a trade gap. The balance of trade is sometimes divided into a goods and a services balance. Understand- Balance of Trade Trade, in general connotation, means the purchase and sales of commodities. Policies of early modern Europe are grouped under the heading mercantilism. Definition The balance of trade forms part of the current account, which includes other transactions such as income from the net international investment position as well as international aid. Factors that can affect the balance of trade include:
How Hitler defied the bankersMany people take joy in saying Wall Street and Jewish bankers "financed Hitler." There is plenty of documented evidence that Wall Street and Jewish bankers did indeed help finance Hitler at first, partly because it allowed the bankers to get rich (as I will describe below) and partly in order to control Stalin. However, when Germany broke free from the bankers, the bankers declared a world war against Germany. When we look at all the facts, the charge that "Jews financed Hitler" becomes irrelevant. When Hitler came to power, Germany was hopelessly broke. Private currency speculators caused the German mark to plummet, precipitating one of the worst runaway inflations in modern times. Nothing like this had ever happened before - the total destruction of the national currency, plus the wiping out of people's savings and businesses. The projected cost of these various programs was fixed at one billion units of the national currency. Canadian researcher Dr. Rakovsky said: Like the U.S.
Early Investor Lockup Expires, But Facebook Gains AnywayWally Pfister is nervous—and with good reason. In a few hours, Pfister, 52, will slip into his best suit and head from his house in the Hollywood Hills to Westwood’s Regency Village Theater for the red-carpet premiere of his new movie, Transcendence. For most filmmakers Pfister’s age, this would be a moment to bask in. A luxurious $100 million budget. A sterling cast led by Johnny Depp, Morgan Freeman, Rebecca Hall, Kate Mara, and Paul Bettany. But Pfister isn’t most filmmakers his age. “This is a very difficult period right now—being in limbo,” he admits. By almost any measure, Pfister is a remarkable success: a local news cameraman turned Oscar-winning cinematographer, he’s spent the last 14 years as Christopher Nolan’s go-to DP (director of photography). But Pfister was getting antsy, as usual. We’re sitting in Pfister’s rec room—his man cave, of sorts. Pfister looks exhausted too. Pfister offers me a glass of water. Do you remember first reading the Memento script? Why? It is. Right.
Stock Market Collapse: Obama Reelection Not To BlameWell, we hope you are happy with yourself, America: You reelected President Obama and destroyed the stock market. That's what a bunch of angry Wall Streeters, who unsuccessfully sunk millions into defeating Obama, would like you to believe, anyway. The truth is a bit more complicated. The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed Wednesday down 312.95 points, or nearly 2.4 percent, its worst selloff of the year. It closed below 13,000 for the first time in three months. Throughout the election, Wall Street types took to CNBC to sound the dour warnings that a second Obama term would immediately cause all of your money to catch on fire, because of how much Obama hates business or something. There are just a few problems with their theory. For one thing, Obama was the perpetual favorite throughout the election, with his odds on the prediction market Intrade never dropping below 50 percent all year. Are there some effects of Obama's re-election in the market? Also on HuffPost:
UnemploymentUnemployment occurs when people are without work and actively seeking work. The unemployment rate is a measure of the prevalence of unemployment and it is calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labor force. During periods of recession, an economy usually experiences a relatively high unemployment rate. According to International Labour Organization report, more than 197 million people globally or 6% of the world's workforce were without a job in 2012. There remains considerable theoretical debate regarding the causes, consequences and solutions for unemployment. Classical economics, New classical economics, and the Austrian School of economics argue that market mechanisms are reliable means of resolving unemployment. Definitions, types, and theories On the other hand, cyclical unemployment, structural unemployment, and classical unemployment are largely involuntary in nature. Full employment
Fund accountingNC State Treasurer's office, 1890 The label, fund accounting, has also been applied to investment accounting, portfolio accounting or securities accounting – all synonyms describing the process of accounting for a portfolio of investments such as securities, commodities and/or real estate held in an investment fund such as a mutual fund or hedge fund. Investment accounting, however, is a different system, unrelated to government and nonprofit fund accounting. Overview Nonprofit organizations and government agencies have special requirements to show, in financial statements and reports, how money is spent, rather than how much profit was earned. A school system, for example, receives a grant from the state to support a new special education initiative, another grant from the federal government for a school lunch program, and an annuity to award teachers working on research projects. State and local government funds Governmental funds include the following.
Today’s Market Winners and LosersThe stock market is down Monday, with the Dow Jones Industrial Average down 0.08%, the Nasdaq down 0.02% and the S&P 500 down 0.01%. Today’s winners include two companies getting bought out and a pharmaceutical company reporting strong results for a late-stage drug trial. Today’s losers include a health company short on cash and a pharmaceutical firm with poor results on a late-stage drug trial. These are Monday’s market winners and losers. Biggest Winners Shares of Titanium Metals Corp. Shares of Gilead Sciences Inc. Shares of Jefferies Group Inc. Biggest Losers Shares of Clovis Oncology Inc. Shares of Star Scientific Inc. Samuel Weigley
Voluntary sectorThe voluntary sector or community sector (also non-profit sector or "not-for-profit" sector) is the sphere of social activity undertaken by organizations that are not for profit and non-governmental. This sector is also called the third sector, in reference to the public sector and the private sector. Civic sector or social sector are other terms for the sector, emphasizing its relationship to civil society. Given the diversity of organizations that comprise the sector, Peter Frumkin prefers "non-profit and voluntary sector". Country-specific France Discourse on the "third sector" began in the 1970s in France as a result of the crisis in the welfare state. United Kingdom The Cabinet Office of the British government until 2010 had an Office of the Third Sector that defined the "third sector" as "the place between State and (the) private sector India Israel Significance to society and the economy Sub-sectors Concerns See also Examples:
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