Mudsill Theory Speech to the U.S. Senate, March 4, 1858 In all social systems there must be a class to do the menial duties, to perform the drudgery of life. That is, a class requiring but a low order of intellect and but little skill. Its requisites are vigor, docility, fidelity. Such a class you must have, or you would not have that other class which leads progress, civilization, and refinement. It constitutes the very mud-sill of society and of political government; and you might as well attempt to build a house in the air, as to build either the one or the other, except on this mud-sill.
Arlington National Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington County, Virginia, directly across the Potomac River from the Lincoln Memorial, is a United States military cemetery beneath whose 624 acres (253 ha) have been laid casualties, and deceased veterans, of the nation's conflicts beginning with the American Civil War, as well as reinterred dead from earlier wars. It was established during the Civil War on the grounds of Arlington House, which had been the estate of the family of Confederate general Robert E. Lee's wife Mary Anna (Custis) Lee (a great-granddaughter of Martha Washington). History George Washington Parke Custis, grandson of Martha Washington, acquired the land that now is Arlington National Cemetery in 1802, and began construction of Arlington House. Custis Lee Mansion with Union soldiers on lawn Arlington National Cemetery The government acquired Arlington at a tax sale in 1864 for $26,800, equal to $400,000 today. Mrs. Recent expansion Sections
Racism in 2012: Still an Axis of Evil In 2012 one would have thought that racism and other such inherently evil ideologies would have ceased to exist in our societies. We live in the supposed free world and pride ourselves on our inalienable human rights afforded to us by international human rights declarations, and ‘progressive’ constitutions. However, events within the past month alone serve to dispel this myth quite drastically and have proven that racism is still very much engrained within the mindset of our society. The Euro 2012 tournament has captured the attention of not only Europe, but the entire world. The second obvious display which left me shocked is that seen in Israel against its African immigrants. As South Africans, we are acutely aware of the depraved practise and ideology of racism and how it has the potential to obliterate all tolerance within a population. Racism is a cancer which destroys the very fabric of our society.
Slavery and the Making of America . For Teachers . Elementary School Lesson Plan 1 by Christopher W. Czajka In this lesson, students will explore the role played by perspective and point-of-view in an examination of American slavery. Students will look at the early history of widespread slavery in colonial America, and the ways in which some Northern slaves chose to deal with their situation amidst the chaos of the American Revolution. Utilizing the PBS series SLAVERY AND THE MAKING OF AMERICA, students will examine the life of Titus, a runaway slave from New Jersey who led a band of guerilla soldiers for the British, and explore why and how African-Americans fought during the Revolution. Following their examination of Titus, students will utilize a variety of online interactive resources to examine the experiences of runaway slaves throughout the history of American slavery. This lesson can be used as a pre- or post- viewing activity for the PBS series SLAVERY AND THE MAKING OF AMERICA, or as an independent lesson for the social studies/history classroom. Blank U.S.
(1) The Institution of Slavery Whig Whig or Whigs may refer to: Parties and factions In the British Isles In the United States Other True Whig Party, also known as the "Liberian Whig Party", Liberia's overwhelmingly dominant political party from 1878 to 1980Confederate States Whig Party, a fictional political party created by alternate history author Harry Turtledove Music Newspapers Cecil Whig of Cecil County, Maryland, United StatesKingston Whig-Standard of Kingston, Ontario, Canada, originally named the British WhigBrownlow's Whig, an East Tennessee, USA, newspaper published under various titlesQuincy Herald-Whig of Quincy, Illinois, United States Other uses American Whig-Cliosophic Society, also known as "Whig-Clio", a political, literary, and debating society at Princeton UniversityWhite House Iraq Group, also known as the White House Information GroupWhig history, a theoretical approach among historians See also
Racism Some definitions consider that any assumption that a person's behavior would be influenced by their racial categorization is inherently racist, regardless of whether the action is intentionally harmful or pejorative, because stereotyping necessarily subordinates individual identity to group identity. Racism and racial discrimination are often used to describe discrimination on an ethnic or cultural basis, independent of whether these differences are described as racial. According to the United Nations convention, there is no distinction between the terms racial discrimination and ethnic discrimination, and superiority based on racial differentiation is scientifically false, morally condemnable, socially unjust and dangerous, and that there is no justification for racial discrimination, in theory or in practice, anywhere. Usage of the term and related terms Definitions Legal Sociological Some sociologists have defined racism as a system of group privilege. Xenophobia Supremacism Types
Songs About African-American History & for Black History Month These songs for Black History Month are available from a variety of albums. A World United– Vitamin L Adrinka Adrinka! Count With Me! – Culture Queen African Songalongs – Diana Colson Agitate (Frederick Douglass) – Jonathan Sprout Aren't I A Woman (Sojourner Truth) – Jonathan Sprout Asikatali/Children of Aftrica – Traditional Che Che Kooley – Traditional by Colleen and Uncle Squaty Civil Rights Movement– MindMuzic Civil War– MindMuzic Follow the Drinking Gourd Free At Last – Linda Brown/Dr. Social Studies Musical Plays13 Colonies- Bad Wolf Press American Revolution- Bad Wolf Press American Symbols- Bad Wolf Press European Explorers in the New World- Bad Wolf Press Gold Dust or Bust- Bad Wolf Press Government & Citizenship: How Democracy Came to the Beehive- Bad Wolf Press Martin Luther King, Jr. - Bad Wolf Press The Story of America: A Classroom Musical - Lauren Mayer U.S. See more U.S.
The Impending Crisis of the South The Impending Crisis of the South: How to Meet It is a book written by Hinton Rowan Helper of North Carolina, which he self-published in New York, 1857. It was a strong attack on slavery as inefficient and a barrier to the economic advancement of whites. The book was widely distributed by Horace Greeley and other antislavery leaders, and infuriated Southern leaders. The book condemned slavery, but did not take what Helper considered to be the ineffectually sentimental or moralistic abolitionist approach (as seen in Uncle Tom's Cabin, 1852): Hinton explicitly wrote "not with reference, except in a very slight degree, to its humanitarian or religious aspects. Helper's tone was aggressive: "Freesoilers and abolitionists are the only true friends of the South; slaveholders and slave-breeders are downright enemies of their own section. Political impact References Brown, David. Primary sources External links The Impending Crisis of the South, enotes.com
Great Chicago Fire Artist's rendering of the fire, by John R. Chapin, originally printed in Harper's Weekly; the view faces northeast across the Randolph Street Bridge. The Great Chicago Fire was a conflagration that burned from Sunday, October 8, to early Tuesday, October 10, 1871. The fire killed up to 300 people, destroyed roughly 3.3 square miles (9 km2) of Chicago, Illinois, and left more than 100,000 residents homeless. Though the fire was one of the largest U.S. disasters of the 19th century, and destroyed much of the city's central business district, Chicago was rebuilt and continued to grow as one of the most populous and economically important American cities. Origin 1868 map of Chicago, highlighting the area destroyed by the fire (location of O'Leary's barn indicated by red dot). Spread of the blaze Aftermath of the fire, corner of Dearborn and Monroe Streets, 1871 Chicago Water Tower With the fire across the river and moving rapidly towards the heart of the city, panic set in. St.
Racism in America in 2012 | Ella Baker Center Has racism in America declined? Spirited debates between family, my friends and I often center on this question. The answer is complex because racism in America is constantly changing. One of my earliest memories of bigotry goes back to the first grade and the ripe old age of 6. As I walked home from school with my new friend, we laughed and talked as most 6 year olds do. She lived close to the school and as we approached her house she said, “Hey Lenore, what did God say when he made Negros?” She burst into hysterical laughter pointing at me, as I stood there puzzled- one because I did not think it was funny, and two, we were friends. That incident took place right here in the progressive state of California in 1960. We lived in an integrated neighborhood, attended integrated schools and on occasion attended the integrated church close to our home. Fast forward 52 years later, 2012, and we continue to grapple with race in this country.
Rosa Parks: I Sat on a Bus: Song & Lyrics | Horrible Histories TV I’m Rosa Parks, my story marks The first step towards Civil Right Racial inequality, American policy Till I kicked off a fight What act of mine Led havoc to ensue? How come I caused such fuss? What shocking behavior did I do? In the ’50s all buses divided Whites in front, blacks behind You serious? I meant busin-ess She inspired us So they stayed off the bus We stayed off the bus Like this: Like Loading... The Southern Argument for Slavery Southern slaveholders often used biblical passages to justify slavery. Those who defended slavery rose to the challenge set forth by the Abolitionists. The defenders of slavery included economics, history, religion, legality, social good, and even humanitarianism, to further their arguments. Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy. Defenders of slavery argued that if all the slaves were freed, there would be widespread unemployment and chaos. Some slaveholders believed that African Americans were biologically inferior to their masters. Defenders of slavery argued that slavery had existed throughout history and was the natural state of mankind. Defenders of slavery noted that in the Bible, Abraham had slaves. The Peculiar Institution Quiz
Panic of 1873 The Panic of 1873 and the subsequent depression had several underlying causes, of which economic historians debate the relative importance. Post-war inflation, rampant speculative investments (overwhelmingly in railroads), a large trade deficit, ripples from economic dislocation in Europe resulting from the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871), property losses in the Chicago (1871) and Boston (1872) fires, and other factors put a massive strain on bank reserves, which plummeted in New York City during September and October 1873 from $50 million to $17 million. The first symptoms of the crisis were financial failures in the Austro-Hungarian capital, Vienna, which spread to most of Europe and North America by 1873. Factors in the U.S. Coinage Act of 1873 Jay Cooke & Company fails In September 1873, Jay Cooke & Company, a major component of the United States banking establishment, found itself unable to market several million dollars in Northern Pacific Railway bonds. Europe