German Blockade Armed with contraband lists, British naval ships spent the war patrolling the North Sea, intercepting and detaining thousands of merchant ships thought to be harbouring cargo bound for enemy shores. This aggressive display of maritime power aroused considerable anger in neutral countries, many of whom enjoyed strong trading links with Germany. Tension was heightened after the North Sea was declared a British 'military area' on 3 November 1914. Despite complaints about breaches of international law, however, most neutral merchant ships agreed to put into British ports for inspection and were subsequently escorted - minus any 'illegal' cargo bound for Germany - through the British-laid minefields to their final destinations. The blockade strategy worked effectively.
29 Incredibly Useful Websites You Wish You Knew Earlier There are so many wonderful websites around, and it is difficult to know each and every one of them. The below list provides some of those websites that I find particularly helpful, even though they are not as famous or as prevalent as some of the big names out there. 1. BugMeNot Procès de Nuremberg About the Project The Harvard Law School Library has approximately one million pages of documents relating to the trial of military and political leaders of Nazi Germany before the International Military Tribunal (IMT) and to the twelve trials of other accused war criminals before the United States Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT). The documents, which include trial transcripts, briefs, document books, evidence files, and other papers, have been studied by lawyers, scholars, and other researchers in the areas of history, ethics, genocide, and war crimes, and are of particular interest to officials and students of current international tribunals involving war crimes and crimes against humanity. To preserve the contents of these documents--which are now too fragile to be handled--and to provide expanded access to this material, the Library is undertaking a multi-stage digitization project. NMT 2 (U.S.A. v. Erhard Milch) took place in 1946-1947.
Officers Died This information is intended as a memorial to those listed and has been compiled from various books, casualty lists, medal rolls, newspapers, and memorials. Some of the main sources are listed. If you can add any names/information please contact me. I am slowly transferring casualty rolls into this web site from the Other Ranks site. To those people who have 'lifted' entire sections from my web site and pasted them into their own - shame on you!
War dead: First and Second World Wars This is an introductory guide to records of deaths of British and Commonwealth servicemen and women and also, to a lesser extent, civilians who died in the First and Second World Wars. This guide will help you to find out if the information you are looking for exists and, if it does, whether it is held at The National Archives or in other archives. What do I need to know before I start? Try to find out:the name of the person the approximate date of death the branch of the armed forces and the unit, if applicable What records can I see online? Army Roll of Honour (1939-1945)Search the Army Roll of Honour for details of British Army casualties in the Second World War (WO 304) on findmypast (£).
Jesuit Expulsion in the New World So as not to fatten up the page on Jesuit Mining activities, I will provide separate pages for historical facts and proofs of claims. First, a quick background on what was going on with Spain in this time period: Pope Benedict XIV, in 1741, issues a Papal Bull that effectively disowns the Order of Jesus. He dies in March of 1767, and is replaced by Pope Clement XIII, who will support the Jesuits. King Charles III had taken the throne in 1760. CIA et la guerre froide The Office of Public Affairs (OPA) is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). We read every letter, fax, or e-mail we receive, and we will convey your comments to CIA officials outside OPA as appropriate. However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us.
British Prisoners of War c.1760-1919 This is a brief guide to researching records of British prisoners of war during the First World War and before. Records of British prisoners of war for this period are varied and can be complicated. They are also incomplete. Merchant seamen: registers of service 1835-1857 2. Essential information 2.1 How do I access these records? All of the merchant seamen service records from 1835 to 1857 are available to view online at findmypast.co.uk. 2.2 What are merchant seamen service records from 1835 to 1857? Merchant seamen service records are made up of four different registers which cover different date ranges. Possible Sources Cuba Castro Speech DatabaseSearchable database of Castro speeches transcribed and translated into English. Cuban Heritage Digital Collection "The Cuban Heritage Digital Collection (CHDC) is a digital gateway to finding aids and primary sources selected from the Cuban Heritage Collection (CHC) of the Otto G. Richter Library at the University of Miami.
British Prisoners of War 1939-1953 1. Why use this guide? Use this guide if you are looking for records of British and Commonwealth prisoners of war in the periods 1939-1945 or 1950-1953. Merchant shipping: crew lists and agreements 1747-1860 1. Early musters No systematic records of the crew of merchant ships was kept until 1747. Until that date, the researcher must rely upon the chance survival of material amongst records kept for other purposes, especially State Papers and those of the Colonial Office, the Treasury, High Court of Admiralty and High Court of Delegates. Most of these records are not indexed in a way which will assist a search for a specific ship or seaman. Jesuit missions Tertiary Source In 1549, Portuguese King João III sent the first Jesuit mission to Brazil, under the leadership of Father Manuel da Nóbrega, during the first governor-generalship in Bahia of Governor Tomé de Souza. In this initial effort to colonize and develop Brazil, the Society of Jesus, a Catholic order that traveled the world in their mission of education and evangelization, proved enormously useful to the crown. Their strategy to pacify and subjugate the indigenous population included the forced recruitment of indigenous labor and the instruction and conversion of native people in Jesuit-controlled Indian villages, called aldeias. As a way of facilitating communication beween different native peoples and the Portuguese, the Jesuits established a standard form of Tupi, the main language of the indigenous groups living in the initial areas conquered by Europeans. “Steyger-Praetjen Tusscjem Jan Batavier en Maetroos” (1624).
British Coastguards 1841-1891 Merchant Marine Contents Provided to GENUKI by Stan Waight and his team of contributors.