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WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY 07/09/11 Veterinary antibiotic usage in the Netherlands in 2010

WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY 07/09/11 Veterinary antibiotic usage in the Netherlands in 2010
Related:  Autres pays Européens

BFR 14/12/10 Antibiotic resistances in the food chain (BfR-Press release 18/2010 of 2010-12-13) BfR publishes two reports on the resistance situation for different groups of bacteria The National Reference Laboratories for Salmonella and Antibiotic Resistance at the Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) tested Salmonella isolates from diagnostic submissions for antibiotics resistance and assessed them according to epidemiological criteria between 2000 and 2008. The isolates originated mainly from animals and foods but also from feeds and the environment. Of the 33,625 isolates, 48% were resistant to at least one and 35% even resistant to more than one class of antibiotics. Salmonella are amongst the most frequent causes of food infections in humans. BfR has assessed the extent of resistances to antibiotics by means of epidemiological criteria which are valid throughout the EU. In some cases resistances of Salmonella to the particularly important antibiotics groups were even very frequent. About the BfR Up

AUSTRALIAN GOVERNMENT - JUNE 2002 - Environmental risks associated with viral recombination in virus resistant transgenic plants Consultancy Report by CSIRO for Environment Australia, June 2002 PDF file Download Environmental risks associated with viral recombination in virus resistant transgenic plants - Final report - PDF (viralrecombination.pdf - 1.1 MB) Executive Summary In Australia, the commercialisation of transgenic plants containing viral derived sequences for disease resistance promises both economic and environmental benefits through improvements in crop productivity and quality concurrent with a reduction in the use of chemical pesticides and other agricultural inputs. One of the more controversial of these risks is the potential for environmental impacts arising as a result of genetic exchange between naturally occurring plant viruses and virus-derived sequences deployed in some GM crop plants. A 'Hazard Assessment' workshop to identify and prioritise the risks associated with RNA recombination and transgenic plants. The workshop was held in October, 2001.

CLIMA - Homepage The CLIMA Newsletter 12 March 2009 is now available. Final Conference 9-10 October 2008. Euro-Asian research and training in CLImate change MAnagement (CLIMA) is a project funded by the European Union, within Asia-Link Programme, a programme dedicated to higher education networking between Europe and Asia. CLIMA aims to create a Euro-Asian network on Climate Change and Sustainable Development. The action responds to the need to enhance the technical and scientific capacities of young staff, to understand and respond to the local impacts of global changes by sustainable policies, procedures and practices. CLIMA thus proposes: This website is designed to strengthen the wide virtual community and to bridge the gap between science, policy making and practice. "Asia-Link, higher education networking between Europe and Asia"'.

BRITISH VETERINARY ASSOCIATION 15/11/12 Measures to tackle antimicrobial resistance must be science based says BVA Political measures to reduce antimicrobial resistance in Europe and the UK are in danger of becoming kneejerk reactions that are not based on sound science, the British Veterinary Association (BVA) has warned ahead of European Antibiotic Awareness Day (18 November). The BVA has told vets that they must use antimicrobials responsibly and be seen to use them responsibly or risk having restrictions imposed on their use by legislators using the precautionary principle. To mark the Awareness Day BVA President Peter Jones delivered a webinar to over 300 veterinary surgeons titled “Resisting antimicrobials – are we acting responsibly?” hosted by The Webinar Vet and available to view at www.thewebinarvet.com/bva-webinars. The BVA also successfully lobbied for the responsible use of medicines to be enshrined in the new Code of Professional Conduct to which all veterinary surgeons in the UK must adhere. “These calls do not reflect the available science. Further Information

Le site ResistVir - Co-ordination of reserach on genetic resistance to plant pathogenic viruses, and their vectors, in European CICERO - Center for International Climate and Environmental Research – Oslo A comprehensive study confirms that low concentrations of environmental contaminants may pose health risks to vulnerable groups, especially the developing fetus and very young children. Fish and marine mammals are major contributors to dietary exposure to contaminants in the Arctic; however, dietary advice should be nuanced because these foods are also rich sources of important nutrients. Read more >> Climate change catching up with small island nations The UN's convention on refugees doesn't cover people fleeing from rising sea levels. Read more >> Time travel in the aquarium Take a female shrimp carrying eggs and put her in water that’s a little too warm for comfort. Read more >> Will Norway become Europe’s green battery? The EU Renewable Energy Directive will have an enormous impact on Norway. Read more >> Expect no increased production Read more >> Studying effective cooperation Read more >> Rising sea levels – but where? Read more >> Green Bond Principles Read more >> Interview: John Ritch, WNA

EURACTIV 15/01/14 Les produits alimentaires suédois sont allégés en antibiotiques Les agriculteurs suédois utilisent le moins d'antibiotiques de toute l'agriculture de l’UE, selon l'Agence européenne des médicaments. Selon un rapport de l'Agence européenne des médicaments (EMA), la Suède a recours à 13,6 milligrammes d'antibiotiques par kilo de viande en moyenne. Ce niveau est le plus bas dans l’Union européenne. La Finlande, la Lettonie et la Lituanie emboîtent le pas avec respectivement 24, 35 et 42 mg/kg. Les agriculteurs chypriotes se retrouvent en queue de peloton : ils utilisent 408 mg d'antibiotiques par kilo de viande, soit un peu plus que l'Italie (370 mg/kg), l'Espagne (249 mg/kg) et l'Allemagne (211 mg/kg). À l’échelle européenne, les agriculteurs de Norvège et d'Islande ont le moins recours aux antibiotiques dans leur production alimentaire : ils utilisent respectivement 3,7 mg et 6,3 mg/kg. « L'agriculture dans l'UE est plus industrialisée et il y a plus de mouvements de produits alimentaires et d'animaux entre les pays.

Plant Physiol. 1997 July; 114(3): 1113–1121. Expression of Pokeweed Antiviral Protein in Transgenic Plants Induces Virus Resista NESDIS-National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service BFR 19/01/15 The challenge of antimicrobial resistance - a holistic consideration and the latest insights into risk perception The BfR organises a forum on antimicrobial resistance in the context of the International Green Week in Berlin Antimicrobial resistance increasingly poses a challenge to public health worldwide. When antibiotics are used, for example in a hospital or a production animal facility, this can assist the spread of resistant bacteria. It is becoming more and more difficult to treat infectious diseases with existing antibiotics. The Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) is holding a forum entitled “The challenge of antimicrobial resistance - a holistic consideration and the latest insights into risk perception” on 22 January 2015. “According to a recent representative survey conducted by the BfR, more than half of the German population believes that antimicrobial resistance is predominantly caused by animal farming”, says Professor Dr Dr Andreas Hensel. About the BfR Up

Plant Cell. 1994 October; 6(10): 1441–1453. Transgenic plant virus resistance mediated by untranslatable sense RNAs: expression, CLIMA Project CLIMA aims to create a Euro-Asian network on Climate Change and Sustainable Development. The action responds to the need to enhance the technical and scientific capacities of young staff, to understand and respond to the local impacts of global changes by sustainable policies, procedures and practices. The project aims to prepare, through an integrated scientific and educational approach, a number of technical experts on Management of Climate Change issues, fostering cooperation and creating a scientific network between European and Asian academic institutions and strengthening the link between academia and policy-making through the improvement of communication and of availability of technical expertise and competences. Associated Institutions Italian Ministry for the Environment and Territory National Development and Reform Commission, China Scientific coordinator Prof. For further Information visit CLIMA Website.

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