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Life-cycle assessment

Life-cycle assessment
Life-cycle assessment (LCA, also known as life-cycle analysis, ecobalance, and cradle-to-grave analysis)[1] is a technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave (i.e., from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling). LCAs can help avoid a narrow outlook on environmental concerns by: Compiling an inventory of relevant energy and material inputs and environmental releases;Evaluating the potential impacts associated with identified inputs and releases;Interpreting the results to help make a more informed decision.[2] Life Cycle Assessment Overview Goals and purpose[edit] The goal of LCA is to compare the full range of environmental effects assignable to products and services in order to improve processes, support policy and provide a sound basis for informed decisions.[3] There are two main types of LCA. Four main phases[edit] Related:  life cycle of post its

How The Post-it Note Could Become The Latest Innovation Technology In 1978, F.W. Lancaster, an information scientist from the University of Illinois, prophesied the dawn of a paperless society in his book Toward Paperless Information Systems. In the book, Lancaster laid out the evolutionary steps from print to electronic publications, starting with scientific journals and eventually leading to popular literature. Thirty-six years later, how close have we come to Lancaster’s prediction? So it’s ironic that the transition from paper to electronic documents is considered innovative and futuristic, while the newest tool in the innovation shed might just turn out to be a 2,000 year old invention: paper. From Document Routing to Innovation Catalyst Two years after Lancaster prophesied paper’s demise, 3M introduced the Post-it Note. But with the rise of electronic documents, the need for Post-it Notes to route office documents began to decline. Sellen points out other properties that make paper ideal for ideation. Using paper to unlock solutions

Life Cycle Cradle-to-cradle design - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - Waterfox Cradle to Cradle design (also referred to as Cradle to Cradle, C2C, cradle 2 cradle, or regenerative design) is a biomimetic approach to the design of products and systems. It models human industry on nature's processes viewing materials as nutrients circulating in healthy, safe metabolisms. It suggests that industry must protect and enrich ecosystems and nature's biological metabolism while also maintaining a safe, productive technical metabolism for the high-quality use and circulation of organic and technical nutrients.[1] Put simply, it is a holistic economic, industrial and social framework that seeks to create systems that are not only efficient but also essentially waste free.[2] The model in its broadest sense is not limited to industrial design and manufacturing; it can be applied to many aspects of human civilization such as urban environments, buildings, economics and social systems. Introduction[edit] Biological and Technical Cycles Biological and technical cycle Health[edit]

Toxics Release Inventory TRI-ME, the TRI computer reporting program The Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) is a publicly available database containing information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities in the United States. Overview[edit] Summary of requirements[edit] The database is available from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and contains information reported annually by some industry groups as well as federal facilities. Origins of TRI[edit] The inventory was first proposed in a 1985 New York Times op-ed piece[1] written by David Sarokin and Warren Muir, researchers for an environmental group, INFORM. Revisions to reporting requirements[edit] Proposed changes in late 2005 would have lowered the reporting standards for the TRI program. However, EPA went forward with another part of the plan that initially did not receive much attention. Accessing TRI data[edit] Mapping Systems There are several tools for mapping the TRI data to particular locations. Public Portals

Life-Cycle Studies: Post-it Notes Photo courtesy Peteris B Post-it Notes are now available in 27 sizes, 57 colors, and 20 fragrances. For the past five years, Worldwatch has explored the history, production method, and environmental and social impacts of everyday products - from chopsticks to pencils - in the Life-Cycle Studies section of its bi-monthly magazine, World Watch. This print-exclusive content is now available for free to Eye on Earth readers. Look for a new study every Friday! Overview The modern office seems incomplete without guidance from three-inch squares of yellow paper. They began in 1980, when a St. One year after 3M officially launched the Post-it Note, the packs of sticky paper raked in more than US$2 million in sales. Production In the 1940s, a Belgian chemist mixed carbolic acid and formaldehyde to create the first synthetic adhesive. The paper used to make Post-it Notes is certified by the Sustainable Forestry Initiative, a system founded by the U.S. paper industry. Closing the Loop

Nicholas Felton | Beyond Green Roofs: 15 Vertically Vegetated Buildings | WebEcoist - Waterfox Vertical gardens bring lush, verdant life to even the coldest and barest of surfaces, both indoors and out. These ‘living walls’ are a big part of the future of green design and technology – they increase interior humidity, purify the air and provide a much-needed touch of nature in spare, angular urban spaces like airports, museums and shopping centers. From skyscraper farms to vertical parks, here are 15 green buildings with stunning vertical greenery, from 6-story elevator shafts to subterranean restaurants. Edificio Consorcio, Santiago, Chile (images via: Plataforma Arquitectura) The Concorcio Building in Santiago, Chile is one of the world’s most eco-friendly office complexes. Bardessono Hotel Vertical Tillandsia Garden (images via: Land + Living) Not all vertical gardens even need soil or irrigation at all. Urban Plant (images via: World Architecture) This architectural design proposal called ‘Urban Plant’ envisions a new way to deal with producing food for urban city dwellers.

Supply chain sustainability Supply chain sustainability is a business issue affecting an organization’s supply chain or logistics network in terms of environmental, risk, and waste costs. Sustainability in the supply chain is increasingly seen among high-level executives as essential to delivering long-term profitability and has replaced monetary cost, value, and speed as the dominant topic of discussion among purchasing and supply professionals.[citation needed] Background[edit] Many companies are limited to measuring the sustainability of their own business operations and are unable to extend this evaluation to their suppliers and customers. One of the key requirements of successful sustainable supply chains is collaboration. Three Tiers of Sustainability[edit] In 2008, The Future Laboratory produced a ranking system for the different levels of sustainability being achieved by organization. Tier 1: Getting the basics right[edit] This is the base level and is the stage in which the majority of organizations are at.

Post-it note A Post-it note (or sticky note) is a small piece of paper with a re-adherable strip of glue on its back, made for temporarily attaching notes to documents and other surfaces. A unique low-tack pressure-sensitive adhesive allows the notes to be easily attached, removed, and even re-posted elsewhere without leaving residue. Originally small yellow squares, Post-it notes and related products are now available in a wide range of colors, shapes, and sizes. Though 3M's patent ran out in 1997, the term "Post-it" is not yet genericized. History[edit] A small pad of original style lined yellow Post-it Brand notes. In 2003, the company came out with "Post-it Brand Super Sticky Notes", with a stronger glue that adheres better to vertical and non-smooth surfaces.[11] Until 3M's patent expired in the 1990s post-it type notes were produced only in the company's plant in Cynthiana, Kentucky. In art[edit] Post-it notes used to make a mosaic In technology[edit] References[edit] External links[edit]

The Interactive UK Energy Consumption Guide An interactive data visualisation case study looking into the UK's energy consumption from 1970 to 2010. By Evo Energy Show More Dr. Albert Bartlett's "Laws of Sustainability" At the Denver ASPO conference, I had the good fortune to meet Dr. Albert Bartlett. Afterward, Dr. The Laws that follow are offered to define the term "sustainability." These Laws are believed to hold rigorously. The list is but a single compilation, and hence may be incomplete. First Law: Population growth and / or growth in the rates of consumption of resources cannot be sustained. A) A population growth rate less than or equal to zero and declining rates of consumption of resources are a necessary, but not a sufficient, condition for a sustainable society. Second Law: In a society with a growing population and / or growing rates of consumption of resources, the larger the population, and / or the larger the rates of consumption of resources, the more difficult it will be to transform the society to the condition of sustainability. Third Law: The response time of populations to changes in the human fertility rate is the average length of a human life, or approximately 70 years. U.S.

ISO 14000 ISO 14000 is a family of standards related to environmental management that exists to help organizations (a) minimize how their operations (processes, etc.) negatively affect the environment (i.e., cause adverse changes to air, water, or land); (b) comply with applicable laws, regulations, and other environmentally oriented requirements, and (c) continually improve in the above. ISO 14000 is similar to ISO 9000 quality management in that both pertain to the process of how a product is produced, rather than to the product itself. As with ISO 9000, certification is performed by third-party organizations rather than being awarded by ISO directly. The ISO 19011 audit standard applies when auditing for both 9000 and 14000 compliance at once. The requirements of ISO 14001 are an integral part of the European Union‘s Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Brief history of environmental management systems[edit] Development of the ISO 14000 series[edit] ISO 14001 standard[edit] Benefits[edit]

How self-adhesive note is made - making, history, product, industry, machine, History, Raw Materials, The Manufacturing Process of self-adhesive note, The Future Background Self-adhesive notes, also called "sticky notes," are partially adhesive, detachable note papers that have revolutionized memo making. Throughout the country, it seems almost every surface in an office is amenable to the little yellow notes: they're stuck to desks, computers, files, folders, and rolodexes. As pervasive as sticky notes are, they are a newcomer in the office supply market. History Sticky notes were a long time in the making, involving many people and obstacles. By defying scientific rationale, Silver discovered a totally unique phenomenon—a new polymer that was only partly sticky, not "aggressively" adhesive. After years of little success with the glue and the end of the "Plymers for Adhesives" program, Silver was transferred in 1970 to the System Research Group, where he met biochemist Robert Oliveira. hymnal. Another hurdle to overcome was creating the machinery to apply the substrate and glue to the paper and then to stack the sticky paper into tear-off pads.

The Time of My Life Cycle You've probably heard the term at some point or undoubtedly read about it in other posts : "life cycle assessment" (sometimes "life cycle analysis" or "LCA"), that fascinating methodology that considers the impacts of a product or process from "cradle to grave" or " cradle to cradle " depending on where it ends up. It's time to get to it and to understand what all this LCA hype is about. Let's start by understanding what a life cycle is.We hear a lot of tips on how reduce our ecological footprint , including one of the essentials — buy local products . Why? What does this have to do with buying locally?