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TPM: The Philosophers’ Magazine

TPM: The Philosophers’ Magazine

philosophy bites Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Euthyphro dilemma The dilemma has had a major effect on the philosophical theism of the monotheistic religions, but in a modified form: "Is what is morally good commanded by God because it is morally good, or is it morally good because it is commanded by God?" Ever since Plato's original discussion, this question has presented a problem for some theists, though others have thought it a false dilemma, and it continues to be an object of theological and philosophical discussion today. The dilemma[edit] Socrates and Euthyphro discuss the nature of piety in Plato's Euthyphro. Euthyphro proposes (6e) that the pious (τὸ ὅσιον) is the same thing as that which is loved by the gods (τὸ θεοφιλές), but Socrates finds a problem with this proposal: the gods may disagree among themselves (7e). Euthyphro then revises his definition, so that piety is only that which is loved by all of the gods unanimously (9e). At this point the dilemma surfaces. In philosophical theism[edit] Explanation of the dilemma[edit] Problems[edit]

THE STONE - Opinionator This is the second in a series of interviews about religion that I am conducting for The Stone. The interviewee for this installment is Louise Antony, a professor of philosophy at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and the editor of the essay collection “Philosophers Without Gods: Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life.” Gary Gutting: You’ve taken a strong stand as an atheist, so you obviously don’t think there are any good reasons to believe in God. But I imagine there are philosophers whose rational abilities you respect who are theists. Louise Antony: I’m not sure what you mean by saying that I’ve taken a “strong stand as an atheist.” G.G.: That is what I mean. L.A.: O.K. I say ‘there is no God’ with the same confidence I say ‘there are no ghosts’ or ‘there is no magic.’ That’s not to say that I think everything is within the scope of human knowledge. G.G.: Yes, I do think it’s relevant to ask believers why they prefer their particular brand of theism to other brands.

Enciclopedia filosofica on line — Enlaces útiles Enlaces útiles Los enlaces que elencamos en esta página apuntan a portales especializados en información filosófica. El objetivo de esta sección de Philosophica es ayudar a nuestros visitadores a dar rápidamente con otros portales de características similares al nuestro, en los cuales quizás podrán encontrar la información que necesitan. La redacción de Philosophica no avala o comparte necesariamente las opiniones que en ellos se expresen. Quien ha tenido que buscar un número en una guía telefónica sabe que los elencos de información demasiado largos resultan con frecuencia difíciles de leer. Enciclopedias o diccionarios de filosofía Enciclopedias o diccionarios interdisciplinares Portales generalistas de información filosófica Portales especializados en periodos históricos concretos Antigüedad griega y romana Perseus (Entre otros muchos materiales, ofrece on line textos de autores clásicos en latín y griego, así como traducciones inglesas de los mismos) Edad media Ilustración francesa En inglés

6 thinkers whose depressing ideas will make you feel better We are absurdly anxious about success, says popular philosopher Alain de Botton (TED Talk: Alain de Botton: A kinder, gentler philosophy of success). In his talk from 2009, he suggests that many of our modern values — like our sense of limitless possibility and upward growth — can actually lead us to stress harder about how well we’re doing. But the reverse can also be true, says de Botton. For TED, he’s put together this reading list of (mainly) pessimistic philosophers who have inspired his thinking about positivity. 1. “Montaigne likes to point out that philosophers don’t know everything, and that they would be a lot wiser if they laughed at themselves a little more. 2. “Seneca belonged to the Stoic school of philosophy, which is all about teaching you how to respond calmly to disaster. 3. “Schopenhauer is another great pessimist who makes you feel happier. 4. “A much-misunderstood philosopher, seen as barking mad but actually very wise and sane. 5. 6.

Philosophy TV untitled Take First-Class Philosophy Lectures Anywhere with Free Oxford Podcasts Image by llee wu, via Flickr Commons When someone develops an interest in philosophy, good luck trying to keep them away from it. They'll find the stuff anywhere. These days, the internet makes possible such wide and instantaneous dissemination of philosophical materials that you literally can find it anywhere. But maybe you'd prefer to start from the beginning. All courses mentioned above appear in our collection of 1100 Free Courses Online. Related content: The Partially Examined Life: A Philosophy Podcast The History of Philosophy Without Any Gaps – Peter Adamson’s Podcast Still Going Strong Philosophy Bites: Podcasting Ideas From Plato to Singularity Since 2007 140 Free Philosophy Courses

The Epicurean revival Hiram Crespo writes for HumanistLife about the philosophy of Epicureanism, and argues that is has made a resurgence in modern works of positive psychology. Stumbling upon happiness in the garden of Epicurus? Flowers: Tim Daniels. As the annals of history have it, in the sixth century Emperor Justinian had all the schools of philosophy that competed with Christianity finally closed. If any set of doctrines can be considered the foundation of the Epicurean philosophy, it would be the Tetrapharmakon: the Four Remedies. Do not fear the gods Do not fear death What is pleasant is easy to attain What is painful is easy to endure In his Principal Doctrines 11-12, Epicurus argued for the study of science as a way to emancipate ourselves from irrational fears. That the prohibition against fearing the Gods, and against fear-based religion in general, is the first and main taboo in Epicurean philosophy, remains refreshing to this day. Then there are mental pains and anxiety.

Philosophy: Free Courses Online Get free Philosophy courses from the world’s leading universities. You can download these audio & video courses straight to your computer or mp3 player. For more online courses, visit our complete collection, 1,700 Free Online Courses from Top Universities. For a full lineup of online courses, please visit our complete collection, 1,700 Free Online Courses from Top Universities For a complete list of online courses, please visit our complete collection, 1,700 Free Online Courses from Top Universities. For a list of online certificate programs, visit 200 Online Certificate & Microcredential Programs from Leading Universities & Companies, which features programs from our partners Coursera, Udacity, FutureLearn and edX. And if you’re interested in Online Mini-Masters and Master’s Degrees programs from universities, see our collection: Online Degrees & Mini Degrees: Explore Masters, Mini Masters, Bachelors & Mini Bachelors from Top Universities.

Learn Philosophy, from the Ancients to the Moderns, with 350 Animated Videos Philosophy is not an idle pursuit of leisured gentlemen and tenured professors, though the life circumstances of many a philosopher might make us think otherwise. The foremost example of a privileged philosopher is Marcus Aurelius, famous expositor of Stoicism, and also, incidentally, Emperor of Rome. Yet we must also bear in mind that Epictetus, the other most famous expositor of Stoicism, whom Aurelius quotes repeatedly in his Meditations, was born a slave. Against certain tendencies of modern thinking, we might hazard to believe that both men shared enough common human experience to arrive at some universal principles fully applicable to everyday life. Stoicism, after all, is nothing if not practical. Consider, for example, the emperor’s advice below—how challenging it might be for anyone, and how beneficial, not only for the individual, but—as Aurelius makes plain—for everyone. The material is out there. Related Content: 135 Free Philosophy eBooks