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Hayles, "Narratives of Artificial Life" Chapter 9 Narratives of Artificial Life In contrast to the circular processes of Maturana's autopoiesis, the figure most apt to describe the third wave is a spiral. Whereas the second wave is characterized by an attempt to include the observer in an account of the system's functioning, in the third wave the emphasis falls on getting the system to evolve in new directions. Just as von Foerster served as a transition figure between the first and second waves, so Francisco Varela bridges the transition between the second and third waves. The shift in questions and methodologies is not, of course, neutral. The Nature and Artifice of Artificial Life At the Fourth Conference on Artificial Life in the summer of 1994, evolutionary biologist Thomas S. How is it possible in the late twentieth century to believe, or at least claim to believe, that computer codes are alive? Conventionally, Artificial Life is divided into three research fronts. Species diversify and evolve through mutation.

TVLine - TV News, Previews, Spoilers, Casting Scoop, Interviews National Media Museum Colossal | A blog about art and visual ingenuity. Eastgate: Serious Hypertext The Mary Sue - A Guide To Girl Geek Culture index O'Reilly Books & Videos Learn something new today. 1-800-998-9938 / 707-827-7000 / orders@oreilly.com We the Media Grassroots Journalism by the People, for the People By Dan Gillmor July 2004 Pages: 320 | Online Book | Table of Contents | Index | Sample Excerpt | Colophon Open Book Content License/CopyrightTable of ContentsIntroductionChapter 1: From Tom Paine to Blogs and BeyondChapter 2: The Read-Write WebChapter 3: The Gates Come DownChapter 4: Newsmakers Turn the TablesChapter 5: The Consent of the GovernedChapter 6: Professional Journalists Join the ConversationChapter 7: The Former Audience Joins the PartyChapter 8: Next StepsChapter 9: Trolls, Spin, and the Boundaries of TrustChapter 10: Here Come the Judges (and Lawyers)Chapter 11: The Empires Strike BackChapter 12: Making Our Own NewsEpilogue and AcknowledgementsWeb Site DirectoryNotesIndex Back to: Open Books Project Back to: We the Media

Doctor Disruption Hayles, "The Power of Simulation" N. Katherine Hayles English Department University of California Los Angeles CA 90095-1530 The Power of Simulation: What Virtual Creatures Can Teach Us Yearning for the light, the creatures struggle after it. This passage describes my reactions while watching the videotape of Karl Sims' evolutionary simulation, "Evolved Virtual Creatures But I am getting ahead of my story. Sims's design follows John Koza's proposal that evolutionary programs should take advantage of modular structures which can be repeated over and over to create more complex structures.[4] The strategy appears often in nature; a fern, for example, displays a growth algorithm that uses the same basic shape for stems, branches, and leaves.[5] Like the fern, Sims's creatures are built using functions that are repeated with variations to create self-similar morphologies. The next step moves from the design of individual creatures to a population of creatures. Evolving Narratives Computing the Human: Analogue and Digital Subjects

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