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Stanford Prison Exp

Stanford Prison Exp
What happened in the basement of the psych building 40 years ago shocked the world. How do the guards, prisoners and researchers in the Stanford Prison Experiment feel about it now? It began with an ad in the classifieds. Male college students needed for psychological study of prison life. $15 per day for 1-2 weeks. Zimbardo encouraged the guards to think of themselves as actual guards in a real prison. The study began on Sunday, August 17, 1971. Forty years later, the Stanford Prison Experiment remains among the most notable—and notorious—research projects ever carried out at the University. The public's fascination with the SPE and its implications—the notion, as Zimbardo says, "that these ordinary college students could do such terrible things when caught in that situation"—brought Zimbardo international renown. In 1973, an investigation by the American Psychological Association concluded that the prison study had satisfied the profession's existing ethical standards. Zimbardo. Mark. Related:  Experiments, Ethics & Society

Walking Through Doorways Causes Forgetting We’ve all experienced it: The frustration of entering a room and forgetting what we were going to do. Or get. Or find. New research from University of Notre Dame Psychology Professor Gabriel Radvansky suggests that passing through doorways is the cause of these memory lapses. “Entering or exiting through a doorway serves as an ‘event boundary’ in the mind, which separates episodes of activity and files them away,” Radvansky explains. “Recalling the decision or activity that was made in a different room is difficult because it has been compartmentalized.” The study was published recently in the Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. Conducting three experiments in both real and virtual environments, Radvansky’s subjects—all college students—performed memory tasks while crossing a room and while exiting a doorway. Learn More >

The Artificial Prison of the Human Mind Photo courtesy Philip G. Zimbardo In 1963 1971, a study about prisons was funded by the U.S. Navy to try to better understand problems in the Marine Corps.' prisons. The study was run by a group of researchers at Stanford, led by psychologist Philip G. Zimbardo. No one thought the experiment would have any big problems - the participants were just playing a short game of prison. Zimbardo did attempt to make the prison more real with some degrading tactics to simulate a real prison. The guards were made to be quite intimidating - they went to a military surplus to get their khaki outfits and wooden batons. On the chosen start date, the prisoners were arrested for armed robbery and taken from their homes by the actual Palo Alto police, who cooperated with the project. The first day of the experiment was relatively peaceful. This was only the beginning of the problems, though. This environment got to be too much for some of the participants.

La non-assistance à personne en danger - Les Amphis de France 5 La non-assistance à personne en danger Ce sujet sera abordé de deux façons complémentaires : - un film bref relatant une expérimentation concernant la non-assistance à personne en danger.- un exposé qui analyse cette expérimentation, présente d'autres expérimentations sur le même thème et apporte des notions théoriques sur la non-assistance à personne en danger.La non-assistance à personne en danger est un comportement très souvent constaté. Mais les témoins d'un accident de la route qui ne s'arrêtent pas, les passants qui font mine de ne pas voir une personne affalée au bord du trottoir sont-ils tous monstrueusement égoïstes ? La ressource est diffusée sous licence Creative Commons

Shock study, replicates Milgram's findings Nearly 50 years after the controversial Milgram experiments, social psychologist Jerry M. Burger, PhD, has found that people are still just as willing to administer what they believe are painful electric shocks to others when urged on by an authority figure. Burger, a professor at Santa Clara University, replicated one of the famous obedience experiments of the late Stanley Milgram, PhD, and found that compliance rates in the replication were only slightly lower than those found by Milgram. "People learning about Milgram's work often wonder whether results would be any different today," Burger says. Stanley Milgram, PhD, was an assistant professor at Yale in 1961 when he conducted the first in a series of experiments in which subjects—thinking they were testing the effect of punishment on learning—administered what they believed were increasingly powerful electric shocks to another person in a separate room. —K.I.

Les effets de la catégorisation - Les Amphis de France 5 Les effets de la catégorisation Ce sujet sera abordé de deux façons complémentaires : - un film bref relatant une expérimentation concernant la catégorisation.- un exposé qui analyse cette expérimentation, présente d'autres expérimentations sur le même thème et apporte des notions théoriques sur les effets de la catégorisation. Nombreuses sont les recherches qui montrent qu'on attribue facilement aux éléments d'une catégorie des attributs considérés comme caractéristiques de cette catégorie.Cette tendance a des conséquences importantes sur nos jugements et nos comportements quotidiens. Elle peut s’avérer à l’origine de phénomènes de discrimination et de racisme. La ressource est diffusée sous licence Creative Commons

How Netflix Reverse Engineered Hollywood - Alexis C. Madrigal If you use Netflix, you've probably wondered about the specific genres that it suggests to you. Some of them just seem so specific that it's absurd. Emotional Fight-the-System Documentaries? Period Pieces About Royalty Based on Real Life? Foreign Satanic Stories from the 1980s? If Netflix can show such tiny slices of cinema to any given user, and they have 40 million users, how vast did their set of "personalized genres" need to be to describe the entire Hollywood universe? This idle wonder turned to rabid fascination when I realized that I could capture each and every microgenre that Netflix's algorithm has ever created. Through a combination of elbow grease and spam-level repetition, we discovered that Netflix possesses not several hundred genres, or even several thousand, but 76,897 unique ways to describe types of movies. There are so many that just loading, copying, and pasting all of them took the little script I wrote more than 20 hours. Imaginary movies for an imaginary genre.

Le Hibou à l'envers Improbable research: The Limerick laureate works his magic In 2003, an independent scholar from New Jersey began submitting limericks for a competition in mini-AIR, the monthly online supplement to my magazine, Annals of Improbable Research. The contest challenges readers to read an off-putting scholarly citation, and explain it in limerick form. Martin Eiger so consistently won that we eventually banned him as an unfair competitor, gave him the title Limerick laureate, and now publish him every month. An early Eiger limerick summarised a Japanese study called Pharmacological Aspects of Ipecac Syrup (TJN-119) - Induced Emesis in Ferrets: If you're hoping to hash out a thesis,And stuck for a topic: emesis,As triggered in ferretsUndoubtedly meritsMuch more than a mere exegesis. Warwick University mathematician Jonathan Warren's 1999 treatise On the Joining of Sticky Brownian Motion includes a three-page proof of the Non-cosiness of Sticky Brownian Motion. The petiole's structure is vexing.It bends, but it's strong.

[Expérience sociale] L’effet Asch Aujourd’hui, on va tenter de répondre à une question toute bête. Quand je dis une question toute bête, c’est VRAIMENT une question toute bête. Du genre : « Voici un segment, parmi les trois propositions suivantes, quel segment a la même longueur que lui? » Vous avez trouvé la bonne réponse? Bravo! Oui, mais voilà. Prenons neuf complices et mélangeons-les avec une dixième personne. Posons maintenant la fameuse question au groupe et arrangeons-nous pour que Carapuce fasse partie des derniers à prendre la parole. C’est cette expérience que Solomon Asch (1907 – 1996) , un psychologue polonais, a mis sur pied pour démontrer l’influence du groupe sur les décisions d’un individu. Les résultats de Asch sont sans appel: 31,8 % des sujets ont accepté la mauvaise réponse. 31.8 % !!! Pire ! L’enseignement de cette expérience est fondamental. Put***, je ne sais pas pourquoi, mais j’ai le nombre 1984 qui me vient immédiatement en tête… Vous avez 4 heures !

Edheads - Activate Your Mind! Les effets de la comparaison sociale Les ressources pour l'auto-formation présentes dans le moteur Sup-Numerique sont mises à disposition par les Universités Numériques Thématiques pour : être moissonnéesêtre visibles sur le portail sup-numerique.gouv.fr. Ces ressources s'adressent autant aux enseignants qu'aux étudiants. Elles s'inscrivent dans les parcours de formation et sont validées par les communautés scientifiques des Universités Numériques Thématiques. Leurs fiches descriptives sont indexées en respectant les standards SupLOMFR. Les U.N.T. mutualisent à l'échelle nationale des contenus pédagogiques dans 8 domaines de formation : rapprochez-vous des U.N.T. pour faire référencer vos ressources.

RETRACTED: Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal ( The journal Food and Chemical Toxicology retracts the article “Long term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize,” which was published in this journal in November 2012. This retraction comes after a thorough and time-consuming analysis of the published article and the data it reports, along with an investigation into the peer-review behind the article. The Editor in-Chief deferred making any public statements regarding this article until this investigation was complete, and the authors were notified of the findings. Very shortly after the publication of this article, the journal received Letters to the Editor expressing concerns about the validity of the findings it described, the proper use of animals, and even allegations of fraud.

L’ERREUR DE LA PSYCHOLOGIE EVOLUTIONNISTE - 11/12 - A la suite de L'origine des espèces et de La filiation de l'homme, de nombreux évolutionnistes commencèrent à spéculer sur la manière dont le comportement social humain, les émotions, les jugements et les idées - tous les attributs de l'esprit humain - avaient pu être façonnés par l'évolution. Selon l'erreur la plus répandue, si l'apparence et le fonctionnement de notre corps furent façonnés par l'évolution, alors le comportement de notre corps a également dû être façonné par l'évolution. Les évolutionnistes, incapables d'expliquer la naissance des structures biologiques chez les êtres vivants, se mirent à inventer des contes à propos de la dite évolution de l'âme humaine. Dans La filiation de l'homme, Darwin défendait l'idée que dans le futur l'évolution allait constituer le fondement de la psychologie : J'entrevois dans un avenir éloigné des routes ouvertes à des recherches encore bien plus importantes. Aucune découverte scientifique ne vint en effet corroborer les opinions de Wilson.

Testing Turing’s theory of morphogenesis in chemical cells Author Affiliations Edited by Tom C. Lubensky, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, and approved January 29, 2014 (received for review November 25, 2013) A correction has been published Significance Turing proposed that intercellular reaction-diffusion of molecules is responsible for morphogenesis. Abstract Alan Turing, in “The Chemical Basis of Morphogenesis” [Turing AM (1952) Philos Trans R Soc Lond 237(641):37–72], described how, in circular arrays of identical biological cells, diffusion can interact with chemical reactions to generate up to six periodic spatiotemporal chemical structures. Footnotes Author contributions: N.T., N.L., C.G., M.H., I.R.E., and S.F. designed research; N.T., N.L., C.G., G.B.E., and S.F. performed research; N.T., N.L., C.G., M.H., and S.F. analyzed data; and N.T., G.B.E., I.R.E., and S.F. wrote the paper.

How do we use this Conformity for social good? More persistence, attendance, course completion? by uboost Oct 21

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