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Salvia divinorum

Salvia divinorum
Salvia divinorum (also known as Diviner's Sage,[2] Ska María Pastora,[3] Seer's Sage,[4] and by its genus name Salvia) is a psychoactive plant which can induce "visions" and other hallucinatory experiences. Its native habitat is in cloud forest in the isolated Sierra Mazateca of Oaxaca, Mexico, where it grows in shady and moist locations.[5][6] The plant grows to over a meter high,[1] has hollow square stems, large leaves, and occasional white flowers with violet calyxes. Botanists have not determined whether Salvia divinorum is a cultigen or a hybrid; native plants reproduce vegetatively, rarely producing viable seed.[7][8] Mazatec shamans have a long and continuous tradition of religious use of Salvia divinorum, using it to facilitate visionary states of consciousness during spiritual healing sessions.[1] Most of the plant's local common names allude to the Mazatec belief that the plant is an incarnation of the Virgin Mary, with its ritual use also invoking that relationship. History

Death by Modern Medicine “Death by Modern Medicine” goes beyond the statistics of deaths due to drugs. It shows how the medical monopoly that created the system in the first place is allowed to control health care. A tale of propaganda, health care bureaucracy, the business of cancer, our own personal addictions to sugar and drugs, and the denial we all harbor to help us cope with the overwhelming burden are woven into this 360-page book. Since then people's eyes have been opened to the full horror of modern medicine. There have been 140,000 fatal or near fatal reactions to Vioxx; one third of the millions of women who took fen-phen, the weight loss drug, suffered heart and lung damage; heart disease is caused by Celebrex and all the other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs; Prozac is causing suicides and homicides as well as heart disease; and the list goes on. Death by Modern Medicine: By Dr. To order by phone call: 1-800-955-0116 We Accept: Visa, M/C, Amex For additional Titles Visit our Book Store

Selegiline Monoamine oxidase inhibitor Selegiline acts as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, and increases levels of monoamine neurotransmitters in the brain. At typical clinical doses used for Parkinson's disease, selegiline is a selective and irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B), increasing levels of dopamine in the brain. Medical uses[edit] Parkinson's disease[edit] Selegiline has also been used off-label as a palliative treatment for dementia in Alzheimer's disease.[6] Depression[edit] Selegiline is also delivered via a transdermal patch used as a treatment for major depressive disorder.[9][10] Administration of transdermal selegiline bypasses hepatic first pass metabolism. Special populations[edit] For all human uses and all forms, selegiline is pregnancy category C: studies in pregnant lab animals have shown adverse effects on the fetus but there are no adequate studies in humans.[4][9] Side effects[edit] Interactions[edit] Pharmacology[edit] Pharmacodynamics[edit] Pharmacokinetics[edit]

Propylhexedrine Decongestant and stimulant drug Propylhexedrine, sold under the brand name Benzedrex, is a nasal decongestant, appetite suppressant, and psychostimulant medication. It is used medicinally for relief of congestion due to colds, allergies and allergic rhinitis. Propylhexedrine is most commonly found in over-the-counter Benzedrex inhalers. Benzedrex was first manufactured by Smith, Kline and French after the Benzedrine inhaler, which contained racemic amphetamine, became unavailable following the placement of amphetamines on the US Schedule II status (highest abuse potential, yet with accepted medicinal uses). Medical use[edit] Propylhexedrine is used to treat acute nasal congestion related to common cold,[1] allergies and hay fever. Contraindications[edit] Propylhexedrine should not be used if a MAOI has been used in the past 14 days or is currently in use, as this can result in hypertensive crisis. Pharmacology[edit] [edit] Chemistry[edit] Synthesis[edit] Preparation of propylhexedrine[16]

Speedball (drug) Combination of narcotics Cocaine powder Heroin powder "National Trends in Drug Abuse, Summer 1998, Special Section: Speedballing". U.S. Office of National Drug Policy. Pregabalin Anticonvulsant drug for treating convulsive, anxious and painfull conditions Anticonvulsant drug Pregabalin, sold under the brand name Lyrica among others, is an anticonvulsant and anxiolytic medication used to treat epilepsy, neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, restless leg syndrome, opioid withdrawal and generalized anxiety disorder.[10][11][12] Its use in epilepsy is as an add-on therapy for partial seizures.[10] When used before surgery, it reduces pain but results in greater sedation and visual disturbances.[13] It is taken by mouth.[10] Medical uses[edit] Box of 150 mg Lyrica (pregabalin) capsules from Finland Seizures[edit] Pregabalin is useful when added to other treatments, when those other treatments are not controlling partial epilepsy.[25] Its use alone is less effective than some other seizure medications.[26] It is unclear how it compares to gabapentin for this use.[26] Neuropathic pain[edit] Anxiety disorders[edit] Other uses[edit] Adverse effects[edit] Withdrawal symptoms[edit] [edit]

Poppy tea Dried poppy seed pods and stems (plate), and seeds (bowl) Poppy tea is a herbal tea infusion brewed from poppy straw or seeds of several species of poppy. The species most commonly used for this purpose is Papaver somniferum, which produces opium as a natural defense against predators. In the live flower, opium is released when the surface of the bulb, called the seed pod, is pierced or scraped. For the purpose of the tea, dried pods are more commonly used than the pods of the live flower. The walls of the dried pods contain opiate alkaloids, primarily consisting of morphine. The tea is consumed for its narcotic effect, and in small amounts for analgesic, anti-diarrheal, and sedative effects.[1][failed verification] It has also been known to be used as a method of relieving withdrawal symptoms. This tea is depicted both in Asian literature and Western literature, and is depicted as being available in opium dens.[2][3] Legality[edit] Netherlands[edit] United States[edit] Canada[edit]

Substituted phenylmorpholine Class of chemical compounds Substituted phenylmorpholines, or substituted phenmetrazines alternatively, are chemical derivatives of phenylmorpholine or of the psychostimulant drug phenmetrazine. Most such compounds act as releasers of monoamine neurotransmitters, and have stimulant effects. Some also act as agonists at serotonin receptors, and compounds with an N-propyl substitution act as dopamine receptor agonists. A number of derivatives from this class have been investigated for medical applications, such as for use as anorectics or medications for the treatment of ADHD. Various phenmetrazine derivatives The 2S,3S isomer of phendimetrazine (i.e. (2S,3S)-3,4-dimethyl-2-phenylmorpholine) See also[edit] References[edit] External links[edit] Media related to Substituted phenylmorpholines at Wikimedia Commons

Poppers Class of recreational drug Popper is a slang term given broadly to drugs of the chemical class called alkyl nitrites that are inhaled. Most widely sold products include the original isoamyl nitrite or isopentyl nitrite, and isopropyl nitrite. Isobutyl nitrite is also widely used but is banned in the European Union. In some countries, poppers are labeled or packaged as room deodorizers, leather polish, nail polish remover, or videotape head cleaner to evade anti-drug laws. Popper use has a relaxation effect on involuntary smooth muscles, such as those in the throat and anus.[1][2] It is used for practical purposes to facilitate anal sex by increasing blood flow and relaxing sphincter muscles.[3] The drug is also used for recreational drug purposes, typically for the "high" or "rush" that the drug can create. Poppers were part of club culture from the mid-1970s disco scene and returned to popularity in the 1980s and 1990s rave scene.[4][5] History[edit] 19th-century discovery[edit] EU[edit]

Phenmetrazine Chemical compound Phenmetrazine (INN, USAN, BAN) (brand name Preludin, and many others) is a stimulant drug first synthesized in 1952 and originally used as an appetite suppressant, but withdrawn from the market in the 1980s due to widespread abuse. It was initially replaced by its analogue phendimetrazine (under the brand name Prelu-2) which functions as a prodrug to phenmetrazine, but now it is rarely prescribed, due to concerns of abuse and addiction. Chemically, phenmetrazine is a substituted amphetamine with a morpholine ring. History[edit] Phenmetrazine was first patented in Germany in 1952 by Boehringer-Ingelheim,[1][2] with some pharmacological data published in 1954.[3] It was the result of a search by Thomä and Wick for an anorectic drug without the side-effects of amphetamine.[4] Phenmetrazine was introduced into clinical use in 1954 in Europe.[5] Medical use[edit] Pharmacology[edit] After an oral dose, about 70% of the drug is excreted from the body within 24 hours.