Making Thinking Visible by David Perkins Acknowledgment: Some of the ideas and research reported here were developed with much appreciated support from the Stiftelsen Carpe Vitam Foundation and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The positions taken by the authors are of course not necessarily those of the foundations. I also thank my principal colleagues and co-researchers in this endeavor: Angela Bermúdez, Beatriz Capdevielle, Lotta Norell, Patricia Palmer, Ron Ritchhart, Ylva Telegin, and Shari Tishman. Consider how often what we learn reflects what others are doing around us. Not only is others' thinking mostly invisible, so are many circumstances that invite thinking. Fortunately, neither others' thinking nor opportunities to think need to be as invisible as they often are. There are many ways to make thinking visible. Using the language of thinking is one element of something even more important: being a model of thoughtfulness for one's students. References Capdevielle, Beatriz (2003).
justificación Project-Based Learning Professional Development Guide An overview of the Edutopia professional development guide for teaching how to use project-based learning in the classroom. Edutopia.org's Project-Based Learning professional development guide can be used for a two- to three-hour session, or expanded for a one- to two-day workshop, and is divided into two parts. Part one is a guided process, designed to give participants a brief introduction to project-based learning (PBL), and answers the questions "Why is PBL important?" Part two assigns readings and activities for experiential PBL. Students Follow the Butterflies' Migration: Teacher Frances Koontz shows students a symbolic butterfly sent from children in Mexico. The Resources for PBL page includes a PowerPoint presentation (including presenter notes), which can be shown directly from the website or downloaded for use as a stand-alone slide show, and sample session schedules. Continue to the next section of the guide, Why Is PBL Important?
Justificación Learning theory This article or section is incomplete and its contents need further attention. Some sections may be missing, some information may be wrong, spelling and grammar may have to be improved etc. Use your judgment! 1 Definition Learning theories make general statements about how people learn (at least for a given class of learning types). As an example, situated learning claims that learning is strongly tied to the context and the activity in which it occurs. Learning theories also can be prescriptive (tell how people should learn), but prescription is rather the role of pedagogical theory. In any case, learning theories play explicitly or implicitly a major role in instructional design models and the educational technology field. 2 Major schools of thought In the literature related to education (in particular in educational technology, it is not always easy to separate learning theory from educational theory. Most introductory texts distinguish between three large families of thought. 3 History
Justificación Building a Bridge to Knowledge for Every Child: How It Could Work The authors walk us through an idyllic -- though imaginary -- school. Credit: Kristen Funkhouser When visitors walk through King School, they are often surprised. It is very different from the schools they attended and from others they have seen. They see students working in cooperative groups, creating visual aids for a day of student-led workshops on environmental issues for the entire school community. Instead of a class working its way through a textbook, our visitors notice students conducting their own research using a wide variety of resources. Rather than worksheets and short-answer tests, our visitors find students reading each other's stories and giving feedback on strong and weak points. At first our visitors are somewhat perplexed, because King clashes so much with their own experience of school. Unfortunately, King School exists only in our imagination. Toward a Deeper Understanding Questions and Themes Much of the curriculum at King is interdisciplinary. Working on Projects
Justificación Great Performances . Educational Resources . Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory . Overview Dr. Howard Gardner, a psychologist and professor of neuroscience from Harvard University, developed the theory of Multiple Intelligences (MI) in 1983. The theory challenged traditional beliefs in the fields of education and cognitive science. Unlike the established understanding of intelligence -- people are born with a uniform cognitive capacity that can be easily measured by short-answer tests -- MI reconsiders our educational practice of the last century and provides an alternative. According to Howard Gardner, human beings have nine different kinds of intelligence that reflect different ways of interacting with the world. Each person has a unique combination, or profile. For Gardner, intelligence is: the ability to create an effective product or offer a service that is valued in a culture; a set of skills that make it possible for a person to solve problems in life; the potential for finding or creating solutions for problems, which involves gathering new knowledge. 1.
Justificación Brain-Based Research Prompts Innovative Teaching Techniques in the Classroom Educators explore nontraditional methods of teaching and receive positive results. VIDEO: Using Tech to Understand How the Brain Learns Running Time: 10 min. Craftsmen in ancient Egypt used many different kinds of tools to do their work. Instructions: Look at the tools and read the cards that describe them. Match the tools with the craftsmen by clicking on the empty boxes. When you have put a card in each empty box, the computer will work out how many you got right. In Suzan Hale's third-grade class at Florida's Key Largo School, students have a variety of ways to learn about ancient Egypt: They can go the traditional textbook route. Or they can do what feels like second nature to so many of them: They can head for the computer and take advantage of intriguing, meticulously researched interactive sites like one from the British Museum, where the activity described above was located. The World at Their Fingertips Principal Frankie St. Credit: Edutopia Doing and Visualizing From GPS to Probes
Justificación How can research on the brain inform education? In recent years educators have explored links between classroom teaching and emerging theories about how people learn. Exciting discoveries in neuroscience and continued developments in cognitive psychology have presented new ways of thinking about the brain-the human neurological structure and the attendant perceptions and emotions that contribute to learning. Explanations of how the brain works have used metaphors that vary from the computer (an information processor, creating, storing, and manipulating data) to a jungle (a somewhat chaotic, layered world of interwoven, interdependent neurological connections). Scientists caution that the brain is complex and, while research has revealed some significant findings, there is no widespread agreement about their applicability to the general population or to education in particular. Opportunities for Learning Most neuroscientists believe that at birth the human brain has all the neurons it will ever have. Emotions and the Mind Caine, R.