Piaget's theory of cognitive development Piaget's theory of cognitive development is a comprehensive theory about the nature and development of human intelligence, first developed by Swiss developmental psychologist Jean Piaget (1896–1980). It is primarily known as a developmental stage theory but, in fact, it deals with the nature of knowledge itself and how humans come gradually to acquire, construct, and use it. To Piaget, cognitive development was a progressive reorganization of mental processes as a result of biological maturation and environmental experience. Accordingly, children construct an understanding of the world around them, then experience discrepancies between what they already know and what they discover in their environment. Moreover, Piaget claimed the idea that cognitive development is at the center of human organism, and language is contingent on cognitive development. Nature of intelligence: operative and figurative Operative intelligence is the active aspect of intelligence.
Inquiry-Based Approaches: What Do Students Think? June 25, 2013 By: Maryellen Weimer, PhD in Teaching and Learning “Inquiry-based learning is an umbrella term, encompassing a range of teaching approaches which involve stimulating learning with a question or issue and thereby engaging learners in constructing new knowledge and understandings.” McClelland's Human Motivation Theory - Team Management Training From MindTools.com Discovering What Drives Members of Your Team Do you know what motivates team members? © iStockphoto/stevecoleccs One of your team members recently created a report that was so thorough and well-written that the board of directors asked you to make sure that she was praised for her efforts. So, at your monthly staff meeting, you stood up in front of the group, and congratulated her on her achievement, and for the good impression she made for the team.
Learner-Centered Teaching Learner-Centered Teaching Phyllis Blumberg, Ph.D. Director of the Teaching and Learning Center University of the Sciences in Philadelphia 1. Most of this material comes from Blumberg, P. (2008) Developing Learner-Centered Teachers: A Practical Guide for Faculty. 10 Tips for Inquiry-Based Learning Inquiry based learning is a technique whereby a teacher involves students in the learning process through focusing on questions, through problem-solving activities, and the use of critical thinking. Some students prefer this type of learning approach because when they become involved they understand concepts better. While inquiry-based learning obviously works well in science, consider how you can this approach for all subjects. Here are some tips for the inquiry-based learning approach. Give yourself time to prepare.
Welcome to the American Sports Institute Flow States and Student Engagement in the Classroom David Shernoff, Ph.D. Wisconsin Center for Education Research University of Wisconsin - Madison Statement to the California State Assembly Education Committee State Capitol • February 27, 2002 Introduction - Experience and Role as Witness. Biography of Maria Montessori Maria Montessori was an Italian physician, educator, and innovator, acclaimed for her educational method that builds on the way children naturally learn. She opened the first Montessori school—the Casa dei Bambini, or Children’s House—in Rome on January 6, 1907. Subsequently, she traveled the world and wrote extensively about her approach to education, attracting many devotees. There are now more than 22,000 Montessori schools in at least 110 countries worldwide. Maria Montessori was born on August 31, 1870, in the provincial town of Chiaravalle, Italy.
Grade Level Websites - Social Studies Project 1.1.1 Value self and others as unique individuals in relation to their world… Belonging to Groups This website offers lessons and activities to cover the concepts involving: identity, self, groups, similarities, differences, and cooperation. Understanding Other Cultures Around the World from Psychology: An Introduction by Russ Dewey Principles of classical and operant conditioning, which we reviewed in Chapter 5 (Conditioning), developed out of the search for laws of learning by early comnparative psychologists. Given such an assumption, it was reasonable to compare different species such as cats, rats, monkeys, and humans to see how quickly they learned. If they all learned in the same way, then speed of learning should be the main difference between them. In a sense, scientists still believe that all animals learn in the same way. They all have neurons, and they all come from the same ancestral life forms on the planet earth, and they all show classical or operant conditioning effects as described in Chapter 5. We now regard the brain as modular, and we speak of multiple types of intelligence (p.94), but-except for language-those multiple forms of intelligence exist in non-human animals as well as human beings.
Student-Centered Teaching In the traditional approach to college teaching, most class time is spent with the professor lecturing and the students watching and listening. The students work individually on assignments, and cooperation is discouraged. Student-centered teaching methods shift the focus of activity from the teacher to the learners. These methods include active learning, in which students solve problems, answer questions, formulate questions of their own, discuss, explain, debate, or brainstorm during class; cooperative learning, in which students work in teams on problems and projects under conditions that assure both positive interdependence and individual accountability; and inductive teaching and learning, in which students are first presented with challenges (questions or problems) and learn the course material in the context of addressing the challenges. Publications on Active Learning
Web-based Inquiry Science Environment (WISE) Java UpdateJan 15, 2014 On January 14, 2014, a new version of Java was released. Please update your computer to this version to continue using simulations and probes in WISE. Connectionism The learning theory of Thorndike represents the original S-R framework of behavioral psychology: Learning is the result of associations forming between stimuli and responses. Such associations or "habits" become strengthened or weakened by the nature and frequency of the S-R pairings. The paradigm for S-R theory was trial and error learning in which certain responses come to dominate others due to rewards. The hallmark of connectionism (like all behavioral theory) was that learning could be adequately explained without refering to any unobservable internal states. The theory suggests that transfer of learning depends upon the presence of identical elements in the original and new learning situations; i.e., transfer is always specific, never general. In later versions of the theory, the concept of "belongingness" was introduced; connections are more readily established if the person perceives that stimuli or responses go together (c.f.
Theories of Cognitive Development: Lev Vygotsky. Theories of Cognitive Development: Lev Vygotsky. November 3, 2010 at 3:00 pm For my previous post on Jean Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, click here. As with my previous post, I will explain a little about Vygotsky and his life before we look at his theory. Lev Vygotsky Born in Orsha, a part of the Russian Empire (now known as Belarus) on 17th November 1896, Vygotsky was a pioneer of psychology; he contributed much important research to the field.