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Designing Science Inquiry: Claim + Evidence + Reasoning = Explanation

Designing Science Inquiry: Claim + Evidence + Reasoning = Explanation
In an interview with students, MIT's Kerry Emmanuel stated, "At the end of the day, it's just raw curiosity. I think almost everybody that gets seriously into science is driven by curiosity." Curiosity -- the desire to explain how the world works -- drives the questions we ask and the investigations we conduct. Let's say that we are planning a unit on matter. By having students observe solids and liquids, we have helped them define matter as something that has mass (or weight -- don’t worry about the difference with elementary kids!) and takes up space. Is air matter? Next, we can ask our students what data they need to answer the question, and how they can collect that data -- how they can investigate. According to the CER model, an explanation consists of: A claim that answers the question Evidence from students' data Reasoning that involves a "rule" or scientific principle that describes why the evidence supports the claim Your students might suggest the following explanation:

http://www.edutopia.org/blog/science-inquiry-claim-evidence-reasoning-eric-brunsell

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Claim Evidence Reasoning By far, the biggest shift in my teaching from year 1 to year 7 has been how much emphasis I now place on evaluating evidence and making evidence-based claims. I blame inquiry. Not inquiry in the generalized, overloaded, science teaching approach sense. Just the word. "Inquiry." Even now, when I hear the word "inquiry" I still think mainly of asking questions and designing experiments.

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Teaching Students CER (Claim, Evidence, Reasoning) Two of the most fascinating and useful sessions that I attended had to do with the CER framwork, which stands for Claims, Evidence and Reasoning. I hadn't heard of this framework but now I can't wait to start incorporating it into my science units, as well as sharing it with the upper elementary science teachers. CER works very well if you are already using science notebooks.

Claim, Evidence, Reasoning: Tools to Introduce CER in PD and Instruction I have been digging into Joseph Krajcik and Katherine McNeill’s book- Supporting Grade 5-8 Students in Constructing Explanations in Science- and I highly recommend it to any upper elementary and middle school teacher of science. The book provides a very clear and engaging look at how to use a Claim, Evidence, Reasoning (CER) framework to improve student writing and discourse in science. The CER framework can support not only science explanations but also the Common Core State Standards’ focus on using evidence and argumentation in math and English/Language Arts.

CSI Expedition · Discovery World In this fun, crime-solving scavenger hunt, you are the sleuths AND the suspects. Come solve the mystery and collect your own biometrics (fingerprints, handwriting samples, and dental impressions), search for clues, see real crime-solving techniques at work, and solve the mystery! Two tiers available: 1 hour and 2 hours. The expanded 2 hour CSI Expedition will allow ALL your students to take at least one fingerprint, dental impression, and handwriting sample as opposed to only “suspected” students in the 1 hour program. Someone has stolen the Discovery World kids’ prizes. They are hidden somewhere around the museum.

<cite>The Globally Competent Teaching Continuum</cite> - Introduction - The Globally Competent Teaching Continuum LEARN NC is evaluating its role in the current online education environment as it relates directly to the mission of UNC-Chapel Hill School of Education (UNC-CH SOE). We plan to look at our ability to facilitate the transmission of the best research coming out of UNC-CH SOE and other campus partners to support classroom teachers across North Carolina. We will begin by evaluating our existing faculty and student involvement with various NC public schools to determine what might be useful to share with you. Don’t worry! The lesson plans, articles, and textbooks you use and love aren’t going away. They are simply being moved into the new LEARN NC Digital Archive.

What Makes a Question Essential? Second, look at these additional examples, organized by subject area, to spark your thinking and clarify the qualities of essential questions, or EQs. Essential Questions in History and Social Studies Whose "story" is this? How can we know what really happened in the past? How should governments balance the rights of individuals with the common good? Should _______ (e.g., immigration, media expression) be restricted or regulated? Scientific Synopsis - Writing Center - The University of Oklahoma First a little background… This is by no means a comprehensive guide. I imagine that an internet search on “science writing” and “writing a synopsis” would turn up similar tips and tricks, including ones that I have perhaps neglected. I have, however, noticed some similar challenges writers face in crafting science synopses and other science reports during my time as a Writing Fellow and Consultant and would like to give you some tips for success in science writing. A synopsis is intended to help you think critically about an article.

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MindShift How Inquiry Can Enable Students to Become Modern Day de Tocquevilles Observations of early America by Alexis de Tocqueville helped articulate the nation’s values. With the guidance of an inquiry based teacher, students create their own interpretations of democracy in America. Continue Reading NAE Connects Educators with Experts As a teacher, you’re supposed to have all the answers–but you know that sometimes, you just don’t. What if you always had an engineering expert to provide inspiration and advice? The National Academy of Engineering (NAE) recently announced the launch of LinkEngineering, a new website that connects preK-12 teachers with engineering experts, fellow educators, lesson plans, tips, and tools.

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