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Medieval City Careers

Medieval City Careers
What did people do in the Middle Ages? If you meet a random person on the street, what is his likely occupation? Or did people work at all? Of course not. In the following list, I have made a link to the online version of Webster's Dictionary, so you can find out what things are. Is there something on this page you'd like to see that isn't here? Open Questions This site gets me a fair few questions via email, many of which I can just answer. currently none! If you can answer any of these, or even have some clues, mail me. Governmental Occupations These are the people who run things. bailiff - the man who makes arrests and executions. Military Occupations Who keeps the country safe from encroaching enemies and wild monsters? Criminal Occupations Wherever there is society, there are criminals. boothaler - marauder, plunderer burglar - one who breaks into, and steals things from, other people's houses. Religious Occupations Priests are relatively common in role playing games. Merchants Scholars Related:  OthersTime PeriodResources

Myths About the Middle Ages When you think of the Middle Ages, chances are you picture gallant knights sitting astride brilliant destriers galloping through a sea of plagues, ignorance, and filth. And you can hardly be blamed for that, when everything from the movies you watch to your high school history teacher (who was mainly the football coach) has told you that ... #6. Getty The Myth: They call it the Dark Ages for a reason. Getty"No, we can't cross the ocean there, don't you see that sea monster in the way?" The Reality: Aside from the fact that, as we've already explained, most people in the Middle Ages did not think the Earth was flat, the church wasn't responsible for killing science -- to the contrary, it was largely responsible for saving it. After the barbarians invaded Europe and Rome went the way of the dinosaurs, the Catholic church was the last remaining aspect of Roman culture in Western Europe. Getty"Look, the monks' scroll clearly says that all monks had 12-inch dongs, so it must be true." #5. #4.

Medieval Price List [Courtesy of Kenneth Hodges ] The list of medieval prices which follows is by no means complete or thoroughly researched; I merely extracted references from some of the books I have, and I thought others might like to inspect it. The sources I used are listed at the end. Money goes as follows: 1 pound (L) = 20 shillings (s) 1 crown = 5 shillings 1 shilling = 12 pence (d) 1 penny = 4 farthings 1 mark = 13s 4d The French livre , sou , and denier are equivalent to the pound, shilling and penny (Latin liber , solidus , and denarius , which is where the English abbreviations "L.s.d" come from). For ease, I've divided this list into the following sections: Of course, a price list is a misleading guide to a medieval economy, because so many goods were either produced within a household, or supplied by a lord. Item Price Date Source Page War Horse up to 50s 12 cen (?) Note: Horse prices varied dramatically; for instance, they doubled between 1210 and 1310. ([3], p. 37).

'Serial' is coming to Pandora for Season 2 There's news about the next season of Sarah Koenig's Serial podcast today — but not the kind fans were necessarily waiting for. The creators behind the This American Life podcast and Pandora announced Monday that the series' first season will be available on Pandora for all listeners beginning Nov. 24. Pandora will also serve as the exclusive streaming partner for Serial Season 2, though details of the launch and the season's main topic were not revealed. SEE ALSO: Podcasting embraces a new era of cool (thanks, Serial) The first season of Serial, which debuted in October of 2014, became an instant hit, with many crediting it for re-popularizing podcasts. The podcast, hosted by Koenig, spends an entire season focused on examining every aspect of a true story. "Pandora is all about discovery, and this gives us a great opportunity — not only to offer each of you a great new experience, but to help Serial expand its audience," founder Tim Westergren wrote in the announcement.

Religion in the Middle Ages The Catholic Church The Catholic Church was the only church in Europe during the Middle Ages, and it had its own laws and large coffers. Church leaders such as bishops and archbishops sat on the king's council and played leading roles in government. As the population of Europe expanded in the twelfth century, the churches that had been built in the Roman style with round-arched roofs became too small. Monks and Nuns Monasteries in the Middle Ages were based on the rules set down by St. Monks went to the monastery church eight times a day in a routine of worship that involved singing, chanting, and reciting prayers from the divine offices and from the service for Mass. Pilgrimages Pilgrimages were an important part of religious life in the Middle Ages. The major Cathedral Centres of the Middle Ages Beauvais The cathedral at Beauvais (St. This, a building of immense proportions, was begun in 1247, and the choir was completed in 1272. The current nave was begun in 1373.

100 More Incredible Lectures From the World's Top Scientists Posted on Tuesday July 31, 2012 by Staff Writers Open source, for both the classroom and the self-educator, proves an absolutely swoon-worthy digital ocean of information. Unsurprisingly, the sciences thrive in such a climate, with the Internet positively flooded with panels, lectures, Q&As, talks, complete and incomplete classes, demonstrations, and other conduits through which education flows. Our 2009 listing featured some of the best around, but it didn’t even scratch the surface of available content. When moving forward, please keep in mind that none of these lectures are to be considered ranked, and many require flipping forward to other videos. General Watch and/or listen to some of the science world’s most notable names expound upon what makes their chosen career paths so satisfying — and what all they have to offer the human race as a whole, of course! Science and Engineering Biology and Medicine Chemistry Physics and Astronomy

World Culture creating new religions A WAY WITH WORLDS: CREATING NEW RELIGIONSBy Steven Savage Archives available at The Way With Worlds Home Page Well, we're back on the creativity track after a few diversions, and back on the subject of religion in your continuity. Eventually, you're going to have to design a religion if you're making a really original world. DESIGNING A RELIGION 1: Religion is inevitable.In the broadest sense, religion is how people define and relate to the universe, and how they order their lives around how they feel the universe works. So, in short, you WILL deal with religion in your world - because your residents will have ways of perceiving the universe and ordering their lives. OK, well, you've admitted it, you have to design a religion, and here's the hard part to admit - you're going to have to know something about religion. However, this leads to two interesting paradoxes: DESIGNING A RELIGION 2: Know about religion If you don't know about religions, you can't write new ones. It's obvious.

Falsely Accused of a Crime | Criminal Law The last thing anyone wants to face is being wrongly accused of a crime but, unfortunately, it can happen. A witness or victim can identify the wrong person, circumstances can lead police to think that an innocent suspect committed a crime, and an innocent person can even be formally charged with a crime he did not commit. What to Do First If you have been falsely accused or charged with a crime, you should retain an attorney as soon as possible. You should also: Be prepared to share all of this information and material with an attorney. What Not To Do If you are falsely accused or charged with a crime, you should not: Falsely Accused but Not Charged If someone has wrongly accused you of committing a crime but you have not been charged, it is a good idea to talk with an attorney about the situation and get more advice than the basic suggestions above about what to do and not do. Formal Charges, Plea Offers, and Trial Investigation Plea offer Trial Protecting Yourself

Secrets of Lost Empires | Medieval Siege Welcome to the companion Web site to the NOVA program "Medieval Siege," scheduled for broadcast on January 24, 2006. In the film, which is a part of the NOVA series Secrets of Lost Empires, a team of timber framers and other specialists design, build, and fire a pair of trebuchets, a devastating engine of war popular in the Middle Ages. Here's what you'll find online: Medieval Arms Race The trebuchet was only the most frightening of the weapons early European warriors employed in siege warfare. Medieval Arms Race | NOVA Builds a Trebuchet | Life in a Castle Destroy the Castle | Resources | Transcript Medieval Siege | Pharaoh's Obelisk | Easter Island | Roman Bath | China Bridge | Site Map NOVA Online | Editor's Picks | Previous Sites | Join Us/E-mail | TV/Web Schedule About NOVA | Teachers | Site Map | Shop | Jobs | Search | To print © | created January 2000

Free Online Comic Books Two of the greatest obstacles that comics have in reaching readers are exposure and cost. Fortunately, the internet has provided remedies for both. Many comic book creators and publishers have put their comics online, available as full issues and at absolutely no cost to the reader. Whether you have been meaning to try a new title, or if you've never read a comic in your life, there's still something here for everyone. If you know of more online comics I could add to the list, or discover that any of these links have gone bad, please e-mail me. And if you find yourself wanting more, click on the button adjacent to an issue to view or purchase a collected edition of that comic. DC | Marvel | Image | Dark Horse | Oni | BOOM! Non-Fiction The 9/11 Report: A Graphic Adaptation Action Philosophers - By Fred Van Lente and Ryan Dunlavey. Comic Book Comics - By Fred Van Lente and Ryan Dunlavey. Tales From the Public Domain: Bound By Law? Independents Gon - The silent adventures of a cute little T-Rex.

Medieval Demographics The Domesday Book Penned by Brandon Blackmoor, based on Medieval Demographics Made Easy by S. John Ross Here is subscribed the inquisition of lands as the barons of the king have made inquiry into them... <p>Forsooth, thy browser is truly antiquated! Land Mass The population density of , due to factors such as climate, geography, and political environment, is persons per km2 . occupies km2 ( hexes, each km across and roughly km2 in area). Population 's population is approximately persons. residents are isolated or itinerant. residents live in villages. residents live in towns. residents live in cities. residents live in big cities. The average distance between villages is km. supports Universities. supports head of livestock: fowl (e.g. chickens, geese, ducks). dairy and meat animals (e.g. cows, goats, pigs, sheep). Large population centers of any scale are the result of traffic. Castles and Fortifications The inhabitants of have been building castles for the last years. Towns and Cities

ARMA Reading &amp; Research Reading & Research List ARMA presents the Internet’s most extensive bibliographical listing of published reference works and suggested sources for Medieval and Renaissance fencing. (1/2002) "what can we do better than gather our books around us? In them we see unfolded before us vast stores of knowledge, for our delight, it may be, or for inspiration." - Petrus Palus Vegerius, Master at Arms & Educator, c.1404. Top Recommendations / Medieval / Renaissance / 18th & 19th Century / Non-English / Videos