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Famous Explorer Biographies

Famous Explorer Biographies
Explorers-in-Residence from National Geographic: Highlights some of the world of today's prominent explorers and scientists. Famous Space Explorers: Quick facts, photos, and information about their space exploration National Geographic: Explorers A-Z: Explorers are listed in alphabetical order with a links to websites with facts about each explorer Brief biographical information on famous explorers; Search alphabetically or by date or continent PBS: The Conquistadors (Cortes, Pizarro, Orellana, Cabeza de Vaca): Historical facts, timeline Wikipedia: Canadian Explorers: Alphabetical listing of Canadian explorers with links to biographies America's Journeys: American Journeys contains more than 18,000 pages of eyewitness accounts of North American exploration, from the sagas of Vikings in Canada in AD 1000 to the diaries of mountain men in the Rockies 800 years later. Conquest of America:This Site describes the 15 year Conquest of Native America. Related:  Age of Discovery & Renaissance (1350-1600)Explorers

Renaissance for Kids: Age of Exploration and Discovery History >> Renaissance for Kids The Age of Exploration (also called the Age of Discovery) began in the 1400s and continued through the 1600s. It was a period of time when the European nations began exploring the world. Why explore? Outfitting an expedition could be expensive and risky. How did expeditions make money? Expeditions made money primarily by discovering new trade routes for their nations. Some expeditions became rich by discovering gold and silver, such as the expeditions of the Spanish to the Americas. Henry the Navigator The Age of Exploration began in the nation of Portugal under the leadership of Henry the Navigator. Christopher Columbus Soon the Spanish wanted to find a trade route to the Far East. Portugal and Spain Portugal and Spain became the early leaders in the Age of Exploration. Spain sent over conquistadors to explore the Americas and to conquer the peoples there. Portugal sent out Vasco da Gama who found a trade route around the southern tip of Africa and to India.

Explorers of North America Juan de Oñate y Salazar (1550?-1626) was a Spanish conquistador who established the colony of New Mexico for Spain and became New Mexico's first governor. Oñate, the son of a conquistador who made a fortune in silver, was married to a granddaughter of Hernán Cortés. In 1595, Oñate requested that he be sent to conquer and rule New Mexico, search for treasure (especially the legendary silver treasure of Quivira), and bring Christianity to the local Indians. After governmental approval, Oñate left for New Mexico in January, 1598, with 400 settlers and soldiers (and their livestock). In 1601, Oñate led an expedition to the Great Plains of America that tried, unsuccessfully, to find the legendary silver of Quivira (thought to be in what is now central Kansas, east of Salina). Go to a printable read-and-answer worksheet on Onate.

Explorers for Kids Throughout history people have always wondered what was beyond the next mountain, ocean, river, or even planet. Explorers are people who have blazed the trail in going to new places. The Age of Exploration The Age of Exploration took place between the 15th and 17th centuries. During this time many countries in Europe sent out explorers to discover new lands, find trade routes, seek treasure, and gain territory for their country. During this time much of the world was mapped and many world civilizations came into contact with each other. Why People Explore The reasons for exploration can vary widely. Trade - Many countries and rulers funded explorers in order to find new trade partners and goods. Gold - Often explorers have been in search of riches and treasure. Science - In many cases, explorers are scientists hoping to learn about nature and new parts of the world. Land - Many explorers claimed the land they found in the name of their country. Famous world explorers:

Explorers  WebQuest Explorers WebQuest Introduction|Task|Process |Resources |Evaluation|Conclusion Introduction The 5th grade students at Laurel School have been selected to design a new line of trading cards. Your job is to create the first ever Explorer Trading Cards. Introduction|Task|Process |Resources |Evaluation|Conclusion The Task Your task is as follows: Print a copy of the explorer questions provided below Using the Internet and other resources, locate the information required to answer the questions for each of the explorers: Cabot, White, Cartier, Champlain, Marco Polo, Columbus, Coronado, Magellan, deSoto, Cortes, daGama, and Hudson. Introduction|Task| Process | Resources |Evaluation|Conclusion The Process *Read through the whole process before you begin to work. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Resources Online Here are some sites where you can find information about explorers:

Explorers and Explorations Explorers The history of the world is filled with explorers and the voyages or expeditions they took. Find out about some of them here. Drop Down Menu of Explorers Use this handy menu to find out more about individual explorers. The Age of Exploration The Mariners' Museum brings you a study of how explorers and what they found changed the world, from the beginnings of sailing to James Cook. Explorers and Expeditions Your About Guide to Geography gives you a wealth of information on famous explorations throughout history, including Columbus, Magellan, Marco Polo, and Charles Darwin. Female Explorers Read about Sacajawea (who guided Lewis and Clark across the Louisiana Territory), Mary Leakey (who found many ancient human skeletons in Africa), and more female explorers. Voyage of Exploration: Discovering New Horizons This ThinkQuest project impressively traces voyages of exploration down through history, including images and timelines along the way. Graphics courtesy of ArtToday

A History of the Age of Exploration The Age of Exploration or Age of Discovery as it is sometimes called, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted until the 17th century. The period is characterized as a time when Europeans began exploring the world by sea in search of trading partners, new goods, and new trade routes. In addition, some explorers set sail to simply learn more about the world. Whatever their reasons though, the information gained during the Age of Exploration significantly helped in the advancement of geographic knowledge. Reasons for Exploration and Key Voyages Though the desire to simply explore the unknown and discover new knowledge is a typical human trait, the world's famous explorers often lacked the funding needed for a ship, supplies, and a crew to get underway on their journeys. Many nations were looking for goods such as silver and gold but one of the biggest reasons for exploration was the desire to find a new route for the spice and silk trades. continue reading below our video

Activities for Students and Teachers The Teacher Guide and Student Activities in this section were created as a resource of ideas. You are welcome to download and copy them. Many of the activities stand alone but some are created to enhance a section of text. The puzzles in the student section are adapted from the Biographies and Vocabulary sections. The answer keys are located in the Teacher section. These activities are adaptable for fifth grade through high school students. Activity One: Create a Compassteachers | students Activity Two: Create an Astrolabeteachers | students Activity Three: Create a Quadrantteachers | students Activity Four: Identify Navigational Instrumentsteachers | students Activity Five: Identify the Parts of a Shipteachers | students Activity Six: What Would You Take to Sea? Activity Seven: Biography Crossword Puzzleteachers | students Activity Eight: Vocabulary Word Searchteachers | students Activity Nine: Create a Globeteachers | students Activity Ten: Latitude and Longitudeteachers | students

Age of Exploration « The Age of Exploration started in the 1400’s. Europeans were desperate to get spices from Asia. Spices were used to preserve foods and keep them from spoiling. Spices, however, were expensive and dangerous to get. Traders had to travel parts of the dangerous Silk Road (a land route from Europe to Asia) to get them. Spain, however, would soon take over the lead in exploration. Spain quickly colonized North America. Although Spain still controlled much of the New World after the defeat, England and France were able to accelerate their colonization.

Steve Fossett On August 17, 2001, Steve Fossett's fifth attempt at solo circumnavigation of the world ended when he faced a "minefield" of thunderstorms and was forced to land in Brazil, 20-25 miles south of Bage, near the border of Uruguay. After facing weather challenges, lack of oxygen, and slow traveling speeds, Fossett and his control team decided to abandon the attempt. In May, 2002, according to Reuters, Fossett announced he would make his sixth attempt to circumnavigate the globe solo in a hot air balloon, one of aviation's last unaccomplished feats. Steve Fossett is one of America's greatest living adventurers. That journey lasted six days, two hours and forty-four minutes. He tried again on December 31, 1997, but a faulty heater ended his journey in Novokiporovskaya, Russia, where he safely landed his balloon Solo Spirit. Steve Fossett has set many records. Fossett, quiet and modest in person, also races cars, climbs mountains, and sails catamarans.