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Famous Explorer Biographies

Famous Explorer Biographies
Explorers-in-Residence from National Geographic: Highlights some of the world of today's prominent explorers and scientists. Famous Space Explorers: Quick facts, photos, and information about their space exploration National Geographic: Explorers A-Z: Explorers are listed in alphabetical order with a links to websites with facts about each explorer Brief biographical information on famous explorers; Search alphabetically or by date or continent PBS: The Conquistadors (Cortes, Pizarro, Orellana, Cabeza de Vaca): Historical facts, timeline Wikipedia: Canadian Explorers: Alphabetical listing of Canadian explorers with links to biographies America's Journeys: American Journeys contains more than 18,000 pages of eyewitness accounts of North American exploration, from the sagas of Vikings in Canada in AD 1000 to the diaries of mountain men in the Rockies 800 years later. Conquest of America:This Site describes the 15 year Conquest of Native America.

Explorers of North America Juan de Oñate y Salazar (1550?-1626) was a Spanish conquistador who established the colony of New Mexico for Spain and became New Mexico's first governor. Oñate, the son of a conquistador who made a fortune in silver, was married to a granddaughter of Hernán Cortés. In 1595, Oñate requested that he be sent to conquer and rule New Mexico, search for treasure (especially the legendary silver treasure of Quivira), and bring Christianity to the local Indians. After governmental approval, Oñate left for New Mexico in January, 1598, with 400 settlers and soldiers (and their livestock). In 1601, Oñate led an expedition to the Great Plains of America that tried, unsuccessfully, to find the legendary silver of Quivira (thought to be in what is now central Kansas, east of Salina). Go to a printable read-and-answer worksheet on Onate.

Activities for Students and Teachers The Teacher Guide and Student Activities in this section were created as a resource of ideas. You are welcome to download and copy them. Many of the activities stand alone but some are created to enhance a section of text. The puzzles in the student section are adapted from the Biographies and Vocabulary sections. The answer keys are located in the Teacher section. These activities are adaptable for fifth grade through high school students. Activity One: Create a Compassteachers | students Activity Two: Create an Astrolabeteachers | students Activity Three: Create a Quadrantteachers | students Activity Four: Identify Navigational Instrumentsteachers | students Activity Five: Identify the Parts of a Shipteachers | students Activity Six: What Would You Take to Sea? Activity Seven: Biography Crossword Puzzleteachers | students Activity Eight: Vocabulary Word Searchteachers | students Activity Nine: Create a Globeteachers | students Activity Ten: Latitude and Longitudeteachers | students

Tools Used by Early Explorers Around the 10th century A.D., the sandglass, or hourglass, was invented to mark the passage of hours. Early explorers, especially those at sea, needed to mark not only the length of their watches, but also the time it took to reel in and out the rope attached to the chip log. Sandglasses, most often filled with pulverized shells, marble or rocks instead of sand to avoid clumping, measured different increments of time, usually an hour, but 30-second sandglasses were also needed for timing the chip-log. History of cartography The Fra Mauro map, one great medieval European map, was made around 1450 by the Venetian monk Fra Mauro. It is a circular world map drawn on parchment and set in a wooden frame, about two meters in diameter Cartography or mapmaking, has been an integral part of the human history for a long time, possibly up to 8,000 years.[1] From cave paintings to ancient maps of Babylon, Greece, and Asia, through the Age of Exploration, and on into the 21st century, people have created and used maps as essential tools to help them define, explain, and navigate their way through the world. The term cartography is modern, loaned into English from French cartographie in the 1840s, based on Middle Latin carta "map". Earliest known maps[edit] The earliest known maps are of the heavens, not the earth. Another ancient picture that resembles a map was created in the late 7th millennium BC in Çatalhöyük, Anatolia, modern Turkey. Ancient Near East[edit] Examples of maps from ancient Egypt are quite rare.

Exploration and Discovery Home Page The Discovery and Exploration collection has been migrated to an improved presentation. Please visit the new presentation. The mission of the Library of Congress is to make its resources available and useful to Congress and the American people and to sustain and preserve a universal collection of knowledge and creativity for future generations. The goal of the Library's National Digital Library Program is to offer broad public access to a wide range of historical and cultural documents as a contribution to education and lifelong learning. The Library of Congress presents these documents as part of the record of the past.