Great Ideas in Personality--Theory and Research VisualDNA - Discover - Home The Sequence of Archetypes in Individuation DynaPsych Table of Contents James Whitlark Professor of English Texas Tech University Scattered throughout Jung’s writings are a few references to the sequence of archetypes associated with stages of individuation. The meeting with oneself is, at first, the meeting with one’s own shadow.… Whoever looks into the water sees his own image, but behind it …[s]ometimes a nixie gets into the fisherman’s net.… The nixie is an even more instinctive version of a magical feminine being whom I call the anima.… Only when all props and crutches are broken, and no cover from the rear offers even the slightest hope of security does it become possible for us to experience an archetype that up to then had hidden behind the meaningful nonsense played out by the anima. —C. The above description of the archetypes’ sequence sprawls over twenty-two, highly metaphorical paragraphs. Jung had already argued that each major psychology best serves a different group of patients (CW, vol. 7,p. 140).
16 Personality Factors The Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire (or 16PF), is a multiple-choice personality questionnaire which was developed over several decades of research by Raymond B. Cattell, Maurice Tatsuoka and Herbert Eber. Beginning in the 1940s, Cattell used the new techniques of factor analysis (based on the correlation coefficient) in an attempt to try to discover and measure the source traits of human personality (Cattell, 1946)(Nevid, 2009). The questionnaire measures the 16 primary traits, and the Big Five secondary traits, which have become popularized by other authors in recent years. From early in his research, Cattell found that the structure of personality was multi-level and hierarchical, with a structure of interdependent primary and secondary level traits (Cattell, 1946, 1957). The sixteen primary factors were a result of factor-analyzing hundreds of measures of everyday behaviors to find the fundamental traits behind them. Outline of Test
Category:Personality typologies The concept of personality type refers to the psychological classification of different types of people. Personality types can be distinguished from personality traits, which come in different levels or degrees. According to type theories, for example, there are two fundamental types of people, introverts and extraverts. According to trait theories, introversion and extraversion are part of a continuous dimension, with many people in the middle. The idea of psychological types originated in the theoretical work of Carl Jung and other researchers. Subcategories This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. Pages in category "Personality typologies" The following 35 pages are in this category, out of 35 total.
Personality type This article is about the generic aspects of type theory. For the book by Jung, see Psychological Types. Clinically effective personality typologies Effective personality typologies reveal and increase knowledge and understanding of individuals, as opposed to diminishing knowledge and understanding as occurs in the case of stereotyping. Effective typologies also allow for increased ability to predict clinically relevant information about people and to develop effective treatment strategies. There is an extensive literature on the topic of classifying the various types of human temperament and an equally extensive literature on personality traits or domains. Types vs. traits The term type has not been used consistently in psychology and has become the source of some confusion. Type theories Carl Jung One of the more influential ideas originated in the theoretical work of Carl Jung as published in the book Psychological Types. Four functions of consciousness
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Model of personality types A chart with descriptions of each Myers–Briggs personality type and the four dichotomies central to the theory The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) is an introspective self-report questionnaire indicating differing psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. The original versions of the MBTI were constructed by two Americans, Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers. The MBTI is based on the conceptual theory proposed by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung, who had speculated that people experience the world using four principal psychological functions – sensation, intuition, feeling, and thinking – and that one of these four functions is dominant for a person most of the time. The four categories are Introversion/Extraversion, Sensing/Intuition, Thinking/Feeling, Judging/Perception. Each person is said to have one preferred quality from each category, producing 16 unique types. History
Integral Personality Personas | Metropath(ologies) | An installation by Aaron Zinman Type psychologique Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Les types psychologiques sont une typologie proposée par Carl Gustav Jung pour caractériser le mode de fonctionnement psychologique d'un sujet. Elle aboutit à distinguer seize types psychologiques, suivant la fonction cognitive dominante (quatre possibilités), son orientation introvertie ou extravertie, et l'orientation de la fonction cognitive auxiliaire sur l'axe complémentaire. Les types psychologiques de Jung doivent être vus comme des outils permettant de diagnostiquer les différences de fonctionnement psychologique entre les individus. Cette typologie a été reprise (sous une présentation différente) par la typologie du Myers Briggs Type Indicator et par celle de la Socionique. Introduction[modifier | modifier le code] Il met aussi en garde en indiquant qu'« il est assez stérile d'étiqueter les gens et de les presser dans des catégories ». L'orientation de l'énergie[modifier | modifier le code] Jugement dominant[modifier | modifier le code]
Table of similar systems of comparison of temperaments Beginnings The Roman physician Galen mapped the four temperaments (sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic) to a matrix of hot/cold and dry/wet, taken from the four classical elements. Two of these temperaments, sanguine and choleric, shared a common trait: quickness of response (corresponding to "heat"), while the melancholic and phlegmatic shared the opposite, a longer response (coldness). The melancholic and choleric, however, shared a sustained response (dryness), and the sanguine and phlegmatic shared a short-lived response (wetness). This meant that the choleric and melancholic both would tend to hang on to emotions like anger, and thus appear more serious and critical than the fun-loving sanguine, and the peaceful phlegmatic. However, the choleric would be characterized by quick expressions of anger (like the sanguine, with the difference being that the sanguine cools off); while the melancholic would build up anger slowly, silently, before exploding. David W.
The Personality Project