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How to Avoid the Natural Reactions that Prevent Good Decision Making

How to Avoid the Natural Reactions that Prevent Good Decision Making
Related:  Mini LessonsCognitive Bias

How to Live Forever By Turning Your Brain Into Plastic Brad, I am not unnecessarily defining anything. I am certain that if you have a clone made of you, whether physically or in some sort of computer rendering, that clone will live on. But, you will die when our time comes, and go into the "big black" wherever that leads to. Meanwhile (or even while you live), the clone will be "born" and awake into it's own existence, but you must have a continuity of your consciousness for it to BE you. Your mind doesn't just teleport when a copy or rendering of you is made, any more than a copy of a computer file, or a photocopy is where the original moves to! Now, if you want to have your "essence" live on, and in a sense, elements of yourself, then clone away! What illustrates this clearly is to imagine a physical clone being made with your full memory implanted in it, while you are alive. So, how the hell are you still "alive" and experiencing "life" just because that clone of you is walking around? Do you get it now?

What Bill Clinton Wrote vs. What Bill Clinton Said - Politics If you were following any journalists on Twitter last night, one of the most remarked upon aspects of Bill Clinton's nomination speech was how liberally he deviated from the prepared text. What was handed out to the media was four pages of single-spaced, small font text, but — as an exasperated TelePrompTer operator found out —that was really just a guideline to what Clinton actually wanted to say during his 49-minute address. We decided to compare the two versions to see how one of the great speechmakers of his era goes about his business. Most experienced public speakers know how to deviate and alter and add flourishes to their prepared remarks on the fly, but few do it as well as Clinton. White House sources say they edited the speech for length and that Clinton ignored their changes, but most of the major additions seemed to be throwaway lines or personal asides. There was one flub, however, when he inadvertently referred to second lady Jill Biden as "Joe." Now, Mr. So Who's right?

Your Evolved Intuitions Part of the sequence: Rationality and Philosophy We have already examined one source of our intuitions: attribute substitution heuristics. Today we examine a second source of our intuitions: biological evolution. Evolutionary psychology Evolutionary psychology1 has been covered on Less Wrong many times before, but let's review anyway. Lions walk on four legs and hunt for food. Certain evolved psychological mechanisms in humans are part of what makes us like each other and not like lions, skunks, and spiders. These mechanisms evolved to solve specific adaptive problems. An an example of evolutionary psychology at work, consider the 'hunter-gatherer hypothesis' that men evolved psychological mechanisms to aid in hunting, while women evolved psychological mechanisms to aid in gathering.6 This hypothesis leads to a list of bold predictions. And as it turns out, all these predictions are correct.7 (And no, evolutionary psychologists do not only offer 'postdictions' or 'just so' stories. Notes

Ch26 : Linux Software RAID The main goals of using redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID) are to improve disk data performance and provide data redundancy. RAID can be handled either by the operating system software or it may be implemented via a purpose built RAID disk controller card without having to configure the operating system at all. This chapter will explain how to configure the software RAID schemes supported by RedHat/Fedora Linux. For the sake of simplicity, the chapter focuses on using RAID for partitions that include neither the /boot or the root (/) filesystems. Whether hardware- or software-based, RAID can be configured using a variety of standards. Linear Mode RAID In the Linear RAID, the RAID controller views the RAID set as a chain of disks. The aim of Linear RAID is to accommodate large filesystems spread over multiple devices with no data redundancy. Linear mode RAID is not supported by Fedora Linux. Envision a disk as if it were a plate, and think of the data as a cake. IDE Drives

10 Reasons To Include Calisthenics Into Your Routine I’m going to state this straight to your face: You must include calisthenics into your training routine for ultimate development. Pretty straightforward but it is true. Even more. I have tons of reasons why you should use your own bodyweight in your training but I compressed them to 10 most important. At first let me explain you what is ‘calisthenics’. Calisthenics is a form of training where you use only your bodyweight as resistance. 10 Reasons Why You Should Include Calisthenics into Your Routine... Bodyweight training (if you use it properly) is actually easier on joints than weight training. It’s that easy. You can get stronger actually in days not weeks. It’s very important. Even every day. Explosive push-ups, explosive pull-ups, explosive dips, explosive lunges etc. Back Levers, Front Levers, Planches, Human Flags etc. Whether you want bigger muscles, insane strength or those abs, bodyweight training will get you there. Try to make a human flag in crowded place.

One Step Closer to Building a Simulated Human Brain "So, I'm not sure that mapping a brain to software is going to yield a brain - the simulation will be statically wired and a real brain is not." This isn't really a good objection because obviously the software neurons will grow, prune or change over time as well. You're assuming a snapshot when it could easily be a movie. Just apply more computer power. "A bigger question for me is if the brain is wired pretty much by chance, how are basic human behaviors wired in the same for everyone (generally the same, i.e. jealousy, anger, happiness, etc.)." Because here Markram gets it wrong or oversimplifies. The brain is not wired entirely by chance, certainly not globally over the entire brain. To correct Markram, I think he really means that the connections happen by chance only on the cellular level, in small groups of neurons—and by "small" I mean groups of a 100 or 1000 neurons. "And lastly, if the thing ever becomes conscious, I feel sorry for it - it will be completely sensory deprived."

The Surprising Secret to Selling Yourself - Heidi Grant Halvorson by Heidi Grant Halvorson | 8:00 AM August 29, 2012 There is no shortage of advice out there on how to make a good impression — an impression good enough to land you a new job, score a promotion, or bring in that lucrative sales lead. Practice your pitch. Speak confidently, but not too quickly. As it happens, it isn’t. A set of ingenious studies conducted by Stanford’s Zakary Tormala and Jayson Jia, and Harvard Business School’s Michael Norton paint a very clear picture of our unconscious preference for potential over actual success. In one study, they asked participants to play the role of an NBA team manager who had the option of offering a contract to a particular player. Then the “managers” were asked, “What would you pay him in his sixth year?” Tormala, Jia, and Norton found the same pattern when they looked at evaluations of job candidates. And this is not, incidentally, a pro-youth bias in disguise.

5 Logical Fallacies That Make You Wrong More Than You Think The Internet has introduced a golden age of ill-informed arguments. You can't post a video of an adorable kitten without a raging debate about pet issues spawning in the comment section. These days, everyone is a pundit. But with all those different perspectives on important issues flying around, you'd think we'd be getting smarter and more informed. Unfortunately, the very wiring of our brains ensures that all these lively debates only make us dumber and more narrow-minded. #5. Think about the last time you ran into a coworker or family member spouting some easily disproven conspiracy theory -- somebody who still thinks Obama's birth certificate is a fake or that Dick Cheney arranged 9/11 to cover up his theft of $2.3 trillion from the government. That has literally never happened in the history of human conversation. Getty"OK, so Dick Cheney doesn't have a third arm. The Science: Getty"Check it out, you guys, Carl has something called 'Loose Change' loaded up on his iPhone." #4. #3.

How to Build a Gypsy Caravan from Recycled Materials The first thing you notice about this gypsy wagon is the surrounding smell of cedar forest and the sound of crashing waves from the lake, which is just a stone's throw over the hill. In the winter, woodsmoke spirals up from the chimney jutting out of the curved wagon roof. There is a little lane leading up to the green glade, but it's nicest to arrive on foot. The 8' wide x 20' long caravan, or vardo, has been parked in this particularly beautiful forest for a few years, but is completely moveable by truck or tractor because it has wheels. The floor joists for the house are nailed to fir beams and bolted to the metal frame. A Combination of Traditional and Modern Materials The construction methods used to create this wagon are a combination of tradition and ingenuity, and the building materials are both new and recycled. To accommodate the curve in the roof and the eyebrow entrance, the roofing material consists of flexible metal sheeting. So, what do you do when nature calls?

Are You Being Monitored At Work? | Upgrade Your Life A 2011 survey found that over half of US employers are monitoring their employees' computer usage. How can you find out if you are one of them? And if you are, what should you do about it? There are two main ways employers track computer usage — with monitoring software on your desktop, and by watching the traffic on the corporate network. Also, many companies have written guidelines about Internet usage and may indicate if they are monitoring you. HR departments should have these policies available for employee review. Monitoring Software on Your Computer Monitoring software tracks all your activity and sends logs to the boss or IT department. On a Windows machine: First, look in the system tray and start up folder. On a Mac: Open Finder and look under applications , click 'utilities' and launch 'activity monitor'. If you see something in any of these places that you're unfamiliar with, search it online to see if it's a monitoring program. So What If You Want A Little Privacy?

The Drug That Never Lets Go Photo By @FatTonyBMX Dickie Sanders was not naturally prone to depression. The 21-year-old BMX rider was known for being sweet spirited and warm -- a hugger not a hand-shaker. The kind of guy who called on holidays. Who helped his father on the family farm. Who spent countless hours perfecting complicated tricks on his bike. Yet on Nov. 12, 2010, Sanders was found dead on the floor of his childhood bedroom. PBS NewsHour Science Support Provided By The National Science Foundation, the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation and the S.D. The suicide was the culmination of five days of strange behavior that began shortly after Sanders snorted a powdery substance he bought from a friend. “I don't like the way this is making me feel," Sanders told his stepmother, Julie, as the two awaited his release from the hospital. An autopsy revealed a powerful stimulant in his system: methylenedioxypyrovalerone, also known as MDPV. What Do Bath Salts Packages Look Like?

Top 15 Manipulated Photographs Images have become the mainstay of our experience of historical events and occasionally people have felt the need to manipulate those images to support their views or manipulate the truth. Since the advent of the Internet, we are now also seeing a large number of “photoshopped” images created for humor or popularity. This is a list of 15 of the most famous manipulated images. These images are shown in no particular order. Click images for a larger view. 15. This digital composite of Olympic ice skaters Tanya Harding and Nancy Kerrigan appeared on the cover of New York Newsday. 14. In the summer of 1994, O.J. 13. Helicopter Shark is a composition of two photographs that gives the impression that a Great white shark is leaping out of the water attacking military personnel climbing a suspended ladder attached to a special forces UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter. 12. Soon after Sept 11th, 2001, this picture was clogging everyone’s e-mails. 11. 10. 9. 8. 2006 Lebanon War Photographs 7. 6. 5. 4.

The Ten Most Revealing Psych Experiments Psychology is the study of the human mind and mental processes in relation to human behaviors - human nature. Due to its subject matter, psychology is not considered a 'hard' science, even though psychologists do experiment and publish their findings in respected journals. Some of the experiments psychologists have conducted over the years reveal things about the way we humans think and behave that we might not want to embrace, but which can at least help keep us humble. That's something. 1. The Robbers Cave Experiment is a classic social psychology experiment conducted with two groups of 11-year old boys at a state park in Oklahoma, and demonstrates just how easily an exclusive group identity is adopted and how quickly the group can degenerate into prejudice and antagonism toward outsiders. Researcher Muzafer Sherif actually conducted a series of 3 experiments. 2. The prisoners rebelled on the second day, and the reaction of the guards was swift and brutal. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Vanpooling: Save Money with Work Commute Alternatives The following is a guest post contributed by reader Nathan, who recently started driving a vanpool in Chicago which saved him over $350 a month in addition to making a lower environmental impact. Thanks Nathan for sharing your experiences. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, transportation costs are the second largest U.S. household expenditure after housing costs. In fact, between 2010 and 2011, an 8% rise in transportation spending was the largest percentage increase among all major components, 3.1% above even healthcare. With fuel costs rising for the personal daily driver, and even public transportation costs increasing because of fuel costs and increased demand, I sought the impossible in looking for a way to remove transportation from my budget altogether. I found my answer with vanpooling. Vanpooling is similar to carpooling. I started a vanpool in Chicagoland about two months ago. I realize this particular option isn’t available to everybody.