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Have You Ever Tried to Sell a Diamond? - Magazine

Have You Ever Tried to Sell a Diamond? - Magazine
The diamond invention—the creation of the idea that diamonds are rare and valuable, and are essential signs of esteem—is a relatively recent development in the history of the diamond trade. Until the late nineteenth century, diamonds were found only in a few riverbeds in India and in the jungles of Brazil, and the entire world production of gem diamonds amounted to a few pounds a year. In 1870, however, huge diamond mines were discovered near the Orange River, in South Africa, where diamonds were soon being scooped out by the ton. Suddenly, the market was deluged with diamonds. The major investors in the diamond mines realized that they had no alternative but to merge their interests into a single entity that would be powerful enough to control production and perpetuate the illusion of scarcity of diamonds. De Beers proved to be the most successful cartel arrangement in the annals of modern commerce. In their subsequent investigation of the American diamond market, the staff of N. N. Related:  MiscellaneousArt, Culture, Aesthetics, and Pictures

Naomi Wolf on Why Porn Turns Men Off the Real Thing At a benefit the other night, I saw Andrea Dworkin, the anti-porn activist most famous in the eighties for her conviction that opening the floodgates of pornography would lead men to see real women in sexually debased ways. If we did not limit pornography, she argued—before Internet technology made that prospect a technical impossibility—most men would come to objectify women as they objectified porn stars, and treat them accordingly. In a kind of domino theory, she predicted, rape and other kinds of sexual mayhem would surely follow. The feminist warrior looked gentle and almost frail. She was right about the warning, wrong about the outcome. But the effect is not making men into raving beasts. Here is what young women tell me on college campuses when the subject comes up: They can’t compete, and they know it. For most of human history, erotic images have been reflections of, or celebrations of, or substitutes for, real naked women.

The Art of David Hidalgo, the Man of a Thousand Facelifts The Science of Why We Don't Believe Science Modern science originated from an attempt to weed out such subjective lapses—what that great 17th century theorist of the scientific method, Francis Bacon, dubbed the "idols of the mind." Even if individual researchers are prone to falling in love with their own theories, the broader processes of peer review and institutionalized skepticism are designed to ensure that, eventually, the best ideas prevail. Scientific evidence is highly susceptible to misinterpretation. Giving ideologues scientific data that's relevant to their beliefs is like unleashing them in the motivated-reasoning equivalent of a candy store. Our individual responses to the conclusions that science reaches, however, are quite another matter. Sure enough, a large number of psychological studies have shown that people respond to scientific or technical evidence in ways that justify their preexisting beliefs. And it's not just that people twist or selectively read scientific evidence to support their preexisting views.

Was the Cowardly Lion Just Masturbating Too Much? {*style:<i><b><b>In his recent 5-minute TED talk, "The Demise of Guys", famous psychologist Phillip Zimbardo noted that "arousal addiction " (porn, video games) is a major factor in social anxiety. </b> </b></i>*} Has anyone reading this noticed a correlation between giving up porn and reduced social anxiety? Due to a search engine coincidence , I have been listening to the agonies and ecstasies of recovering porn addicts for several years. In , Philip J. Why might a porn addict be obliged to address his compulsion in order to form, or restore, real relationships? Interestingly, people whose habits cause continuous over-stimulation of their reward circuitry with high dopamine—drug users, for example—often feel anxious or depressed the rest of the time. Several studies show that social anxiety is associated with low dopamine or decreased sensitivity . addictions cause a decline in dopamine (D2) receptors , which is a major aspect of desensitization.

The Fine Art of Resilience: Lessons from Stanley Meltzoff Can entrepreneurs learn from artists? I have suggested in THE AMERICAN that Arthur Fellig, the photographer known as Weegee, is an inspiring example of creative response to the economic hardship of the Depression era, rising from unknown technician to author of one of the best-selling photography books of all time. Now an exhibition at the Society of Illustrators in New York sheds light on a master of the following generation—the painter and art historian Stanley Meltzoff (1917-2006)—and on artists’ challenge to respond originally to changing technology and fashion. The golden age of illustration into which Meltzoff was born extended from the 1880s through the 1930s. Advertising-supported magazines, lavishly illustrated children’s books, gorgeous calendars, pulp magazines, and other ephemeral genres made artists like Howard Pyle, N. Despite the rise of competing media, magazine illustration enjoyed an Indian summer in the 1950s, and Meltzoff was part of it.

On Improving When Your Friends Aren’t | Strategy, Philosophy, Self-Discipline, Science. Victory. Just got a comment on "Having Your Own Ethics is Lonely" by a reader. He asked one of the hardest questions about becoming successful - what happens when you're improving when your friends aren't? I found this blog because I'm looking for advice. Indeed, that's one of the hardest parts about becoming successful. Most people don't like to change after they get established. Perhaps the worst time is when you're still on a shaky ground with your old improvement. That was pretty much what we'd do. Most of my friends at this time were pretty healthy, as I was hanging out with a lot of athletes, gym-going types, and other fencers (I was an epee fencer back then). To be honest, I never really fully answered that question. I used to play a lot of poker, and I was pretty good at it. Anyways, when I quit playing cards, I lost a lot of my card-playing buddies. I've talked this over with other people who go on the rise in the world. 1. Well, not everyone. Not everyone. So, what now?

What the science of human nature can teach us After the boom and bust, the mania and the meltdown, the Composure Class rose once again. Its members didn’t make their money through hedge-fund wizardry or by some big financial score. Theirs was a statelier ascent. They got good grades in school, established solid social connections, joined fine companies, medical practices, and law firms. Wealth settled down upon them gradually, like a gentle snow. You can see a paragon of the Composure Class having an al-fresco lunch at some bistro in Aspen or Jackson Hole. A few times a year, members of this class head to a mountain resort, carrying only a Council on Foreign Relations tote bag (when you have your own plane, you don’t need luggage that actually closes). Occasionally, you meet a young, rising member of this class at the gelato store, as he hovers indecisively over the cloudberry and ginger-pomegranate selections, and you notice that his superhuman equilibrium is marred by an anxiety. Help comes from the strangest places. Ms.

Adam Kirsch: Art Over Biology Before 2013 begins, catch up on the best of 2012. From now until the New Year, we will be re-posting some of The New Republic’s most thought-provoking pieces of the year. Enjoy. Why Lyrics Last: Evolution, Cognition, and Shakespeare’s Sonnets By Brian Boyd (Harvard University Press, 227 pp., $25.95) Wired for Culture: Origins of the Human Social Mind By Mark Pagel (W.W. The Age of Insight: The Quest to Understand the Unconscious in Art, Mind, and Brain, from Vienna 1900 to the Present By Eric R. I. In associating art with loneliness, sorrow, and death, Mann was not presenting a new idea but perfecting an old tradition. Mann’s sense of the perverse glory of the artist’s unfitness is one of his legacies from Nietzsche, who wrote in Human, All Too Human, under the rubric “Art dangerous for the artist,” about the particular ill-suitedness of the artist to flourishing in a modern scientific age: The discovery of sexual selection solved the problem with brilliant economy. II. III.

How to Avoid Exchange-Based Relationships | Strategy, Philosophy, Self-Discipline, Science. Victory. On this coming Monday or Tuesday, I'll be asking the Director of Sales and Marketing at one of the most prestigious local businesses for $100,000. I have all manner of charts, research, data, and numbers showing why this is an exceptionally good idea that will have a fantastic ROI - and it is a good deal. But still, it's mildly terrifying to present in that sphere. Part of what I'm going to do is go in and ask for a considerable sum of money, but I'm trying to build a different sort of relationship than most people would think. If they choose my company, we'll be producing lots of good work for high pay - but I'm trying to build something other an exchange-based relationship. What's an exchange-based relationship? Let's go over quickly what market/exchange norms look like and how they push out social norms - then I'll have some ideas and guidelines for your own life. If you like digging into primary source papers, this one from 1993 by Clark and Mills is pretty good.

Does meditation make people act more rationally? : Thoughts from Kansas Via USA Today, we learn about a study showing that people who meditate frequently behave in a more rational manner than non-meditators, and they do so because different parts of their brain take charge of certain kinds of decisions. The study was based around a common test of rational behavior called the Ultimatum Game. Two people sit at a table. One of them is given a sum of money ($20 in this case), and is told to split that however she wants with the other. Before she makes that decision, the other subject is told that if he rejects the share offered to him, neither player will get any money, but if he accepts his share, they both keep their share of the money. Experiments like this have been run for 30 years now, and consistently find that people are happy to accept a 50:50 split, but tend to reject the offer of free money when their share of the money drops below some threshold (usually around 70:30). That desire is rational in some contexts, but not in the Ultimatum Game.

Is It O.K. to Be a Luddite? - Thomas Pynchon Nettime mailing list archives [Date Prev] [Date Next] [Thread Prev] [Thread Next] [Date Index] [Thread Index] Is It O.K. to Be a Luddite? [The New York Times Book Review, 28 October 1984, pp. 1, 40-41.] As if being 1984 weren't enough, it's also the 25th anniversary this year of C. P. List of cognitive biases Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment, and are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics.[1] There are also controversies over some of these biases as to whether they count as useless or irrational, or whether they result in useful attitudes or behavior. For example, when getting to know others, people tend to ask leading questions which seem biased towards confirming their assumptions about the person. However, this kind of confirmation bias has also been argued to be an example of social skill: a way to establish a connection with the other person.[8] Although this research overwhelmingly involves human subjects, some findings that demonstrate bias have been found in non-human animals as well. Decision-making, belief, and behavioral biases[edit] Many of these biases affect belief formation, business and economic decisions, and human behavior in general. Social biases[edit] Memory errors and biases[edit] See also[edit] [edit]

What Happens to All the Asian-American Overachievers When the Test-Taking Ends? Sometimes I’ll glimpse my reflection in a window and feel astonished by what I see. Jet-black hair. Slanted eyes. A pancake-flat surface of yellow-and-green-toned skin. Millions of Americans must feel estranged from their own faces. You could say that I am, in the gently derisive parlance of Asian-Americans, a banana or a Twinkie (yellow on the outside, white on the inside). Here is what I sometimes suspect my face signifies to other Americans: an invisible person, barely distinguishable from a mass of faces that resemble it. I’ve always been of two minds about this sequence of stereotypes. Let me summarize my feelings toward Asian values: Fuck filial piety. I understand the reasons Asian parents have raised a generation of children this way. Asian-American success is typically taken to ratify the American Dream and to prove that minorities can make it in this country without handouts.

Shading the New Aesthetic | Cluster Mag Feature image by Nathaniel Flagg What does the New Aesthetic look like outside of the ivory tower? Credit: SI Jones “HP Computers are Racist” is a 2009 YouTube video in which two electronics store employees demonstrate how face recognition and video tracking technology on Hewlett-Packard computers works more accurately for people of whiter skin tones. The company issued an apology after the clip went viral, suggesting that face-detection algorithms have more difficulty identifying the contrast that helps discern facial structure in low lighting. The politics of surveillance culture—both state-sponsored and self-generated—are central to this thing that’s come to be known as the New Aesthetic, and whether we’re aware of it or not, we’ve all been exposed to its central impulses and anxieties. Surveillance and “the gaze” Credit: Golan Levin Deep-fried iPad. GTA IV characters sashay to Rick Astley. A concluding slide from a PowerPoint presentation on NA. CV Dazzle in action. The chicken-vs.

I would be surprised if people told me that they lived under the impression that Diamonds are somehow 'inherently' more valuable than our other possessions. It shouldn't come as a surprise that the value of this stone (or any stone for that matter) is what we make it out to be. Who is to say one stone is more beautiful than the other, without the widespread perception that it is, right? Hard to think that the allure of this magnificent stone is entirely a creation of Mad (ison avenue) Men. by divgrajan Oct 16