Intro materials ColorVisionTesting | Colorblind The human eye sees by light stimulating the retina (a neuro-membrane lining the inside back of the eye). The retina is made up of what are called Rods and Cones. The rods, located in the peripheral retina, give us our night vision, but can not distinguish color. The cones, each contain a light sensitive pigment which is sensitive over a range of wavelengths (each visible color is a different wavelength from approximately 400 to 700 nm). Many people think anyone labeled as "colorblind" only sees black and white - like watching a black and white movie or television. People with normal cones and light sensitive pigment (trichromasy) are able to see all the different colors and subtle mixtures of them by using cones sensitive to one of three wavelength of light - red, green, and blue. 5% to 8% (depending on the study you quote) of the men and 0.5% of the women of the world are born colorblind. Protanomaly (one out of 100 males) : Color normal Color Deficient Dichromat In Conclusion:
Theo Lawrence: When Dystopia Becomes Reality: Mystic City and Hurricane Sandy There is no denying it: Hurricane Sandy is one of the biggest disasters that we as Americans have ever had to face. This past week, I've watched as friends, family, and fellow residents of the Tri-State area lost their lights, their homes, and even their lives. It has been a tragedy for everyone involved. From my apartment on Manhattan's Upper West Side (where I luckily did not lose power), I anxiously watched news coverage that showed streets, cars, and homes underwater--all lost to the surges of Sandy. Mystic City takes place in an alternate version of Manhattan, where magic is real and--thanks to global warming having gone unchecked--the streets are flooded. Many people have asked how I came up with this vision of a future Manhattan. One of the great things about teen literature is that the genre provides young readers with opportunities to see themselves on the pages. Where do dystopian and fantasy novels fit in?
The Future Sucks – A Visitor’s Guide to Dystopia photo © 2010 James Vaughan | more info (via: Wylio) We are in the midst of a dystopia revolution, and it is changing the landscape of YA literature. Suddenly sci-fi — the ancestral purview of nerds and geeks everywhere — is cool again, or at least mainstream. Even the writers of â€œseriousâ€ magazines like The New Yorker are writing about young adult dystopia books! What gives? Keeping in mind that these days there is an ever-present danger that you will open a seemingly innocent book and be whisked away into a dangerous and unpleasant future, we present to you, for your own safety, a visitor’s guide to the various types of dystopia. Dystopia Type 1 = ShinyHappyLand At first glance, the world around you seems like a nice enough place. The Type 1 Dystopia expresses deep skepticism about â€œbread-and-circusesâ€ style capitalism that manipulates citizens by giving them everything they think they want, while stifling their ability to think for themselves. What to Do: Agree with everything.
1984 - Download Free eBook The thing that he was about to do was to open a diary. This was not illegal (nothing was illegal, since there were no longer any laws), but if detected it was reasonably certain that it would be punished by death, or at least by twenty-five years in a forced-labour camp. Winston fitted a nib into the penholder and sucked it to get the grease off. The pen was an archaic instrument, seldom used even for signatures, and he had procured one, furtively and with some difficulty, simply because of a feeling that the beautiful creamy paper deserved to be written on with a real nib instead of being scratched with an ink-pencil. April 4th, 1984. He sat back. For whom, it suddenly occurred to him to wonder, was he writing this diary? For some time he sat gazing stupidly at the paper.
Free Flash Jeopardy Review Game The Instant Jeopardy Review Game has been designed and dramatically improved to make it the perfect review game for a wide variety of classroom uses. This tool is a fun and interactive way to review content in your classroom, meeting, conference, or other group setting. The new and improved version of the Jeopardy Review Game includes the following features: Simple insertion of pictures on Question and/or Answer slides Full support for symbols, such as exponents and wingdings style fonts Better support for foreign language Question and/or Answer slides Simpler visual editing process Embed anything in your question slides, even Youtube videos, flash objects, etc. Simple scorekeeping system Works on portable devices such as smartphones, iPad, and iPod Touch!
Achromatopsia Achromatopsia (ACHM) is a medical syndrome that exhibits symptoms relating to at least five conditions. The term may refer to acquired conditions such as cerebral achromatopsia, also known as color agnosia, but it typically refers to an autosomal recessive congenital color vision condition, the inability to perceive color and to achieve satisfactory visual acuity at high light levels (typically exterior daylight). The syndrome is also present in an incomplete form which is more properly defined as dyschromatopsia. The only estimate of its relative occurrence of 1:33,000 in the general population dates from the 1960s or earlier. There is some discussion as to whether achromats can see color or not. Terminology Color blindness can be classified as: Acquired achromatopsia (Cerebral achromatopsia)Congenital/inherited achromatopsia Complete typical achromatopsiaIncomplete atypical achromatopsia or incomplete atypical dyschromatopsia Related terms: Signs and symptoms Cause
Susan Kim: Future Anxiety and Young Adult Fiction I was doing some research (i.e. "avoiding work/killing time online") when I found an interesting piece on Quora, now a content partner with Slate. It posits the hypothetical question, "what would happen if oxygen were to disappear for five seconds?" The respondent, a self-described science junkie named Andrew Cote, describes a series of truly eye-popping events that would occur. Citing principles of basic geology, chemistry, and air pressure, he predicts that among various other unpleasantries, everyone's inner ear would explode, the oceans would evaporate, and the earth itself would collapse into a drifting mass of cosmic crud. For those of us who have written speculative fiction, hypothesizing about the future is what we do, with the added challenge of turning it into a dramatic narrative. Yet anyone can dabble in futuristic scenarios and not just those who know beans about science. Let me confess right now that neither my writing partner nor I are scientists.
THE MACHINE STOPS ... E.M. Forster Imagine, if you can, a small room, hexagonal in shape, like the cell of a bee. It is lighted neither by window nor by lamp, yet it is filled with a soft radiance. There are no apertures for ventilation, yet the air is fresh. There are no musical instruments, and yet, at the moment that my meditation opens, this room is throbbing with melodious sounds. An armchair is in the centre, by its side a reading-desk-that is all the furniture. And in the armchair there sits a swaddled lump of flesh-a woman, about five feet high, with a face as white as a fungus. An electric bell rang. The woman touched a switch and the music was silent. "I suppose I must see who it is", she thought, and set her chair in motion. "Who is it?" But when she listened into the receiver, her white face wrinkled into smiles, and she said: "Very well. She touched the isolation knob, so that no one else could speak to her. "Be quick!" "Kuno, how slow you are." He smiled gravely. "I really believe you enjoy dawdling." "Well?"
6 News Stories to Connect to Orwell’s 1984 Big brother really is watching you. Today we accept a certain amount of oversight by government and business as a part of daily life. Students know about all the surveillance cameras that follow them as they move about in the world. Still, they can bring a skepticism to class when they read George Orwell’s 1984. Several recent news stories may make the answer to that question less certain. Someone’s watching Granny cook her eggs. Student discussion of the articles can be guided with these questions: What freedoms or privacy rights does the system affect? If students read and discuss several of the articles, additional questions can ask them to compare and synthesize the pieces: Notice that the targets of these programs are either students or senior citizens. Note that these articles would also make a great supplement to M. [Creative Commons licensed Flickr photo by anarchosyn]
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Top 10 Drug-Related TV Shows (with addicting side effects!) 2. The Wire "Don't matter who did what to who at this point. Arguably the greatest television show in the history of... ever, The Wire takes the cops n' criminals genre and turns it on its head. Craving a new TV fix? Photo Credit: HBO
Lesson Plan: Updating Orwell's '1984' Overview | How does George Orwell’s vision of technology and its uses in “1984” compare with today’s reality? How have concerns about privacy and freedom expressed in the novel been manifested in the contemporary world? In this lesson, students compare and contrast the world, people and technologies of “1984” with those of today and create a treatment for a modern film, print or stage adaptation that revolves around current technologies. Materials | Full text of “1984,” computers with Internet access, software for podcasting and projection equipment, copies of the handout “1984” vs. Today (PDF), video cameras and film-editing software (optional) Warm-Up | Give students the following list of words from “1984”: Big BrotherdoublethinkthoughtcrimeNewspeakmemory holeOrwellian Students who have read the novel will recognize their provenance and should define them, as well as give a contemporary example of something that could be described similarly. What does Mr. Related resources: Technology 3.
Scientific Writing Web Resource - Duke University Few topics engender such heated debates as that of active vs. passive voice. This argument is relevant to writing in general, but I think it's particularly so to scientific writing. Some writers speak out in vehement opposition to passive voice, others claim it should be used liberally. What is one to do? Everyone will have to make his own decision. As usual, I think the right answer lies somewhere between the extremes. Here's a list of articles I've found over the years that address the debate particular to scientific writing. Articles arguing against the passive Most scientists use passive voice either out of habit or to make themselves seem scholarly, objective or sophisticated. Articles defending or encouraging the passive Arguments for the active To start with, lets consider all the arguments that can be made for the active voice. 1. Active voice is shorter than passive voice (usually only slightly). 2. 3. "The test tube was carefully smelled." 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Arguments for the passive