WW1 Poems Robert Laurence Binyon For the Fallen (1914) William Noel Hodgson Before Action (1916) Ewart Alan Mackintosh, MC In Memoriam (1916) Inspiration for In Memoriam John McCrae In Flanders Fields (1915) Inspiration for In Flanders Fields Moina Michael We Shall Keep the Faith (1918) Inspiration for We Shall Keep the Faith John William Streets Further Reading The Penguin Book of First World War Poetry (Paperback) Published by Penguin Classics (26 Oct 2006). 448 pages. In Flanders Fields: The Story of the Poem (Illustrated paperback) by Linda Granfield, Janet Wilson (author, illustrator), John McCrae (author) Published by Stoddart Publishing, Canada (new edition 13 Sep 2000). 32 pages. Violets from Oversea: Portraits of Poets of the Great War by Tonie Holt and Valmai Holt An illustrated collection of poetry from the First World War, which includes biographical details of the poets in addition to examples of their work. A Deep Cry: First World War Soldier-poets Killed in France and Flanders by Anne Powell
First World War Origins The First World War was caused by the destabilisation of the balance of power in Europe due to the rise of Germany. The war began in 1914 when Austria-Hungary invaded Serbia because of the assassination of an archduke. New Zealand was part of the British Empire, and when Britain declared war on Germany, in August 1914, that meant New Zealand was at war too. The two sides were called the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary) and the Allies, which included the British Empire, Russia and France. New Zealand enters the war New Zealand decided to send soldiers to fight in the war for a number of reasons, including New Zealand’s strong ties to Britain and its concern with keeping trade routes open so it could continue to export to Britain. Within a month New Zealand troops had occupied Western Samoa, which was a German territory. In October 1914 the first group of 8,454 soldiers left New Zealand heading for the other side of the world. Gallipoli The Western Front The home front
Bugle Calls Bugle Calls Download/Play Bugle Calls The following downloads are in .wav format and may not be usable on all systems. Please note that, depending on the speed of your connection, files may require several minutes to download. Acknowledgement: Sound files courtesy of the Australian Army Band, Brisbane. Last Post The bugle call Last Post is inextricably part of the end of day traditions which include Beating the Retreat and Tattoo. Retreat is the older custom dating back to the 16th Century and consisting of prolonged drum beating at sunset to warn the night guard to mount and also to give notice that the gates of the town walls were about to close. There is some confusion over the ‘post’ calls. The Last Post was really the end of the day (a hard day’s fighting and a hard night’s drinking). Reveille The custom of waking soldiers to a bugle call dates back to the Roman Legions when the rank and file were raised by horns playing Diana’s Hymn. [Traditions, Facts and Folklore front page]
A Multimedia History of World War One BBC Schools - Life in the trenches 31 October 2014Last updated at 15:07 Two British soldiers standing in a flooded communication trench during World War One On the Western Front, the war was fought in trenches. Trenches were long, narrow ditches dug into the ground where soldiers lived all day and night. There were many lines of German trenches on one side and many lines of Allied trenches on the other. In the middle, was no man's land, so-called because it did not belong to either army. Rest Soldiers in the trenches did not get much sleep. Dirty trenches The trenches could be very muddy and smelly. ANZAC Day and Gallipoli: 25 April - Kids ANZAC Day is celebrated in Australia and New Zealand on 25 April. Poppy Day is the Friday before ANZAC Day and is the day when people sell red poppy badges to raise funds for war veterans. ANZAC stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. This was the name given to the New Zealand and Australian troops who fought in the Gallipoli campaign in the first World War. Gallipoli is remembered because it is seen as the time when New Zealand first really established its own identity as a country. It is a time when we remember New Zealanders and Australians who fought in wars around the world. The library has lots of books and resources about ANZAC Day including: True books about ANZAC Day True books about World War One Stories about ANZAC Day Stories about World War One Digital scans of original World War One photos, letters and books About the ANZACs The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) troops first landed on the beaches of the Gallipoli Peninsula, in Turkey on 25 April 1915.
U.S. World War I Propaganda All images are digitized | All jpegs/tiffs display outside Library of Congress | View All During World War I, the impact of the poster as a means of communication was greater than at any other time during history. The ability of posters to inspire, inform, and persuade combined with vibrant design trends in many of the participating countries to produce thousands of interesting visual works. The Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division makes available online approximately 1,900 posters created between 1914 and 1920. Most relate directly to the war, but some German posters date from the post-war period and illustrate events such as the rise of Bolshevism and Communism, the 1919 General Assembly election and various plebiscites. The majority of the posters were printed in the United States.
WW1 Battlefields of the Western Front The long line of battlefields that makes up the Western Front runs through a wide variety of landscapes in south-west Belgium, north-eastern and eastern France. The battle lines wind their way across the countryside from the sand dunes and flat, reclaimed sea level land on the Belgian coast in the north, to the mountain peaks at 1,400 metres (4,500 feet) above sea level in the Vosges mountain range at its southern end. From a geographical point of view the range of landscapes on which the Western Front battlefields were established include sand, clay, chalk and rock, rivers, canals, valleys and cliffs, ridges and mountains, plains, forests and swamps. When visiting the battlefields it can be seen how the geological make-up of the ground and the peculiarities of the landscape inevitably played a major part in influencing strategy, tactics, development of new weaponry and fighting techniques in the battles of the Western Front. Map of the 1914-1918 Western Front Battlefields Antwerp
The red poppy Anzac poppy The red poppy has become a symbol of war remembrance the world over. People in many countries wear the poppy to remember those who died in war or who still serve. In Flanders fields The red or Flanders poppy has been linked with battlefield deaths since the time of the Great War (1914–18). In Flanders fields the poppies blow Between the crosses row on row, That mark our place; and in the sky The larks, still bravely singing, fly Scarce heard amid the guns below.We are the Dead. McCrae was a Canadian medical officer who, in May 1915, had conducted the funeral service of a friend, Lieutenant Alexis Helmer, who died in the Second Battle of Ypres (Ieper). McCrae threw away the poem, but a fellow officer rescued it and sent it on to the English magazine Punch; 'In Flanders fields' was published on 8 December 1915. Keeping the faith Many people were moved by the pathos of 'In Flanders fields'. The first Poppy Day New Zealand was one of these countries. Making poppies Wearing poppies
Australian War Memorial - First World War Official Histories < Previous | Next > Digitised records > First World War Official Histories | Second World War Official Histories The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 is a 12-volume series covering Australia’s involvement in the First World War. The series was edited by the official historian Charles Bean, who also wrote six of the volumes, and was published between 1920 and 1942. Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 Official History of the Australian Army Medical Services, 1914–1918 Supplementary material Bean working on files during the writing of the First World War official history.
Battle of Gallipoli - World War I With World War I stalled on the Western Front by 1915, the Allied Powers were debating going on the offensive in another region of the conflict, rather than continuing with attacks in Belgium and France. Early that year, Russia’s Grand Duke Nicholas appealed to Britain for aid in confronting a Turkish invasion in the Caucasus. (The Ottoman Empire had entered World War I on the side of the Central Powers, Germany and Austria-Hungary, by November 1914.) In response, the Allies decided to launch a naval expedition to seize the Dardanelles Straits, a narrow passage connecting the Aegean Sea to the Sea of Marmara in northwestern Turkey. If successful, capture of the straits would allow the Allies to link up with the Russians in the Black Sea, where they could work together to knock Turkey out of the war.