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Personal Learning Environments and the revolution of Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development

Personal Learning Environments and the revolution of Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development
Developmental psychologist Lev Vygotsky defined what the person or a student can do — or the problems they can solve — as three different stages: What a student can do on their own, working independently or without anyone’s help.What the student can do with the help of someone.What it is beyond the student’s reach even if helped by someone else. He called the second stage the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) which had, as said, two limits: the lower limit, which was set by the maximum level of independent performance, and the upper limit, the maximum level of additional responsibility the student can accept with the assistance of an able instructor. But Vygotsky believed that learning shouldn’t follow development, but rather should lead it. A student should constantly be reaching slightly beyond their capabilities rather than working within them (Jo Turner-Attwell, 2009). This reaching beyond one’s capabilities can be pictured as the student entering their Zone of Proximal Development.

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Online Learning: More Than Just a MOOC « TechKNOW Tools As a life-long learner, I have appreciated engaging and interacting with a wide variety of educators in a few Massively Open Online Courses (MOOCs). The concept of a MOOC is has been around for a while. In previous blog posts, I have shared the definition of a MOOC and my participation and experience. I have appreciated learning from the #eci831 and #CCK09 MOOC facilitators, such as Alec Couros, George Siemens & Stephen Downes. Even more, I appreciate the knowledge shared by invited speakers and the connected learning participants who I continue to engage and exchange with beyond the course structure. How Social Media is Reshaping Today's Education System Join Entrepreneur and today's most influential business innovators in Denver, May 4. Register Now » Are today’s students tweeting their way to better grades? More than nine out of 10 teenagers hold at least one social media account; Instagram, Snapchat, Tumblr, Vine, Twitter and Facebook rule the lives of most middle and high school students. And while much attention has been paid to the negative effects of social media, including cyber bullying, there could be a positive upside, too.

7 Key Characteristics Of Better Learning Feedback 7 Key Characteristics Of Better Learning Feedback by Grant Wiggins, Authentic Education On May 26, 2015, Grant Wiggins passed away. Grant was tremendously influential on TeachThought’s approach to education, and we were lucky enough for him to contribute his content to our site. Occasionally, we are going to go back and re-share his most memorable posts. Yesterday we shared an article on close reading, and today Grant looks at providing better feedback for learning. Student Engagement and Being in the Flow When I think about engaging students, I think about Flow. Flow is the mental state of operation in which a person in an activity is fully immersed in a feeling of energized focus, full involvement, and success in the process of the activity. In 1997, Mihaly Csíkszentmihályi published this graph that depicts the relationship between the challenges of a task and skills.

ipad childrens education iPad Family has reviewed HUNDREDS of iPad Education Apps for children. NOT ALL OF THEM MAKE IT TO THIS SITE. We're only happy to shre the best, highest quality educational Apps. When evaluating an app, we consider it's educational value. If it enhances their educational development... good. If it is clear, easy to use and well designed... better.

Socially Engaged Learning Key Takeaways Various instructional models for online learning focus on efficiencies of time and space, from flipped classrooms to competency-based education, MOOCs, and online learning environments that rely on reading, writing, and discussion. The model proposed here for online education focuses on social learning and student engagement, training faculty and designing online courses to make interaction the driving factor in creating a highly personalized experience for students. The model's five-point framework highlights best practices to create a high level of student engagement, with guidance on reading and writing instruction, peer group work, discussion, experiential learning, and assessment. The common online format of read, write, discuss often results in a subpar academic experience.1 Hidden biases within online education can create unintended obstacles for learners, and many of these biases have grown rather than shrunk over time. 1.

5 Common Misconceptions About Bloom's Taxonomy 5 Common Misconceptions About Bloom’s Taxonomy by Grant Wiggins, Authentic Education Admit it–you only read the list of the six levels of the Taxonomy, not the whole book that explains each level and the rationale behind the Taxonomy. Not to worry, you are not alone: this is true for most educators. But that efficiency comes with a price. Many educators have a mistaken view of the Taxonomy and the levels in it, as the following errors suggest. The IELTS Exam in Hong Kong English and ESL Resources The following is a combination of excellent websites compiled by ITS staff to help students, teachers and the community with their English and English as a second language (ESL) training and courses. BBC Learning English Voice of America: Special English NPR online hourly news and daily shows (Morning edition, All Things Considered, etc. from US National Public Radio; many of their programs keep an archive of past shows CNN Video US and international news services

Here’s how a former kindergarten teacher approaches app development - iPhone app article - Brad Spirrison There is no prototypical background for app developers. The beauty of working in the app world is that it is so new, you find individuals from all walks of life creating applications we could not have fathomed just four short years ago. After spending more than 25 years helping to develop young minds as a kindergarten teacher in Chicago, Francis Judd switched gears to become an app developer. What's Next for the LMS? Today's LMS needs to be supplemented with (and perhaps later replaced by) a new digital architecture and new learning components—the NGDLE—to enable current transitions in higher education. Malcolm Brown is Director of the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI). Joanne Dehoney is Chief of Staff, EDUCAUSE. Nancy Millichap is Program Officer with Next Generation Learning Challenges (NGLC), EDUCAUSE. The learning management system (LMS) is a remarkable phenomenon in higher education.

kolb's learning styles, experiential learning theory, kolb's learning styles inventory and diagram David Kolb's learning styles model and experiential learning theory (ELT) Having developed the model over many years prior, David Kolb published his learning styles model in 1984. The model gave rise to related terms such as Kolb's experiential learning theory (ELT), and Kolb's learning styles inventory (LSI). In his publications - notably his 1984 book 'Experiential Learning: Experience As The Source Of Learning And Development' Kolb acknowledges the early work on experiential learning by others in the 1900's, including Rogers, Jung, and Piaget. Why Long Lectures Are Ineffective Each school day, millions of students move in unison from classroom to classroom where they listen to 50- to 90-minute lectures. Despite there being anywhere from 20 to 300 humans in the room, there is little actual interaction. This model of education is so commonplace that we have accepted it as a given. For centuries, it has been the most economical way to “educate” a large number of students. Today, however, we know about the limitations of the class lecture, so why does it remain the most common format?

wikiforpersonalinquiry - iPad Apps for Early childhood Keslie's TopicWatching and Wondering: How Did I Choose This Topic?I became interested in this topic after watching a two year old effectively use and interact with apps on an iPad. The child was able to turn on the ipad, scroll through the pages, find her personal folder, and choose a game to play. I was amazed by this process and was very impressed with how she was able to independently use the iPad. As I watched her interact with the apps, I realized how educational the apps are in helping with cognitive, linguistic, and motor skills development.

Stackable degrees gaining prominence as entry points to grad school Dive Brief: The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign will soon offer a master’s degree in data science through Coursera, opening its curriculum to students who are interested in the full master’s as well as individual or groups of courses. The Chronicle of Higher Education reports the “stackable” nature of the degree, in which students can take a few courses, get a certificate, and later apply those courses toward a full master’s program, is expected to become increasingly popular among institutions looking to create more flexible and affordable programs for students. MIT is piloting its own stackable credential in supply chain management by offering the first half of the master’s program through edX, and edX CEO Anant Agarwal says more institutions are planning to debut similar program models through the MOOC platform in the coming year.