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The Passive Voice

The Passive Voice
Passive and Active Voices Verbs are also said to be either active (The executive committee approved the new policy) or passive (The new policy was approved by the executive committee) in voice. In the active voice, the subject and verb relationship is straightforward: the subject is a be-er or a do-er and the verb moves the sentence along. In the passive voice, the subject of the sentence is neither a do-er or a be-er, but is acted upon by some other agent or by something unnamed (The new policy was approved). Computerized grammar checkers can pick out a passive voice construction from miles away and ask you to revise it to a more active construction. There is nothing inherently wrong with the passive voice, but if you can say the same thing in the active mode, do so (see exceptions below). use the passive voice to avoid responsibility for actions taken. Take the quiz (below) as an exercise in recognizing and changing passive verbs. Passive Verb Formation Verbals in Passive Structures

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The Writing Center Welcome to HyperGrammar electronic grammar course at the University of Ottawa's Writing Centre. This course covers approximately the same ground as our English department's ENG 1320 Grammar course. The content of HyperGrammar is the result of the collaborative work of the four instructors who were teaching the course in Fall 1993: Heather MacFadyen, David Megginson, Frances Peck, and Dorothy Turner. Common Grammar Mistakes I’ve edited a monthly magazine for more than six years, and it’s a job that’s come with more frustration than reward. If there’s one thing I am grateful for — and it sure isn’t the pay — it’s that my work has allowed endless time to hone my craft to Louis Skolnick levels of grammar geekery. As someone who slings red ink for a living, let me tell you: grammar is an ultra-micro component in the larger picture; it lies somewhere in the final steps of the editing trail; and as such it’s an overrated quasi-irrelevancy in the creative process, perpetuated into importance primarily by bitter nerds who accumulate tweed jackets and crippling inferiority complexes. But experience has also taught me that readers, for better or worse, will approach your work with a jaundiced eye and an itch to judge.

Word classes To discuss accuracy and style at the sentence level, we need to be able refer to the different word classes, or parts of speech (verb, noun, adjective, adverb, linker/ conjunction, etc.) we use in sentences. nouns give names to ideas, people, objects and actions verbs give meanings to sentences by telling us what things do, or what they are adjectives describe ideas, people, objects and actions, in other words, nouns and pronouns adverbs describe verbs and adjectives determiners (including articles) tell us which noun is being referred to prepositions show the relationship between nouns and other parts of the sentence linkers (or conjunctions) join similar parts of speech or whole clauses Questions about word classes Sometimes words have more than one meaning and fit into more than one category. Question about words which are in more than one class

Strong Authorial Voice By Nicholas So you've got a great novel in the works. It's got everything your audience could ask for - orcs and goblins, champions and villains, flashy adventures and passionate romance. Now the question is not what to write but how to write it; now comes the question of voice. Voice, like personality, is a nebulous term, and it has as many facets.

Hugo Chávez, Venezuelan President, Dies Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters Venezuelans in Caracas after President Hugo Chávez’s death was announced. He had been out of public view since December. Flirting and Writing Dialogue I love exposition: flowing sentences, tight action, enveloping description. Prose is great. But for the past couple of weeks, I’ve been wondering what makes dialogue tick. Well-written dialogue is not conversation. Borrowed Words Loanwords are words adopted by the speakers of one language from a different language (the source language). A loanword can also be called a borrowing. The abstract noun borrowing refers to the process of speakers adopting words from a source language into their native language. "Loan" and "borrowing" are of course metaphors, because there is no literal lending process. There is no transfer from one language to another, and no "returning" words to the source language. The words simply come to be used by a speech community that speaks a different language from the one these words originated in.

Words and Phrases Coined by Shakespeare Words and Phrases Coined by Shakespeare NOTE: This list (including some of the errors I originally made) is found in several other places online. That's fine, but I've asked that folks who want this on their own sites mention that I am the original compiler. For many English-speakers, the following phrases are familiar enough to be considered common expressions, proverbs, and/or clichés. Vocabulary Studies Lecture notes Introduction to Vocabulary Studies This module is about vocabulary - in plain English, ‘words’. During the module you will come across a number of linguistic terms that mean more or less the same thing as ‘words’.

Clear Communication Introduction to Plain Language at NIH Plain language is grammatically correct language that includes complete sentence structure and accurate word usage. Plain language is not unprofessional writing or a method of "dumbing down" or "talking down" to the reader. Writing that is clear and to the point helps improve communication and takes less time to read and understand.

Learn 48 Languages Online for Free Advertisement Get FREE Audio Books from and How to learn languages for free? This collection features lessons in 48 languages, including Spanish, French, English, Mandarin, Italian, Russian and more. Download audio lessons to your computer or mp3 player and you’re good to go.

Grammatical Conversion in English: Converting Words Into Other Parts of Speech written by: Heather Marie Kosur • edited by: Rebecca Scudder • updated: 12/10/2013 Part two of "Word Formation: Creating New Words in English" covers the process of conversion, which is the word formation process whereby a word of one part of speech converts into a word of another part of speech, e.g., the noun Google changing into the verb to google. ConversionConversion is the word formation process in which a word of one grammatical form becomes a word of another grammatical form without any changes to spelling or pronunciation.