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Gallipoli: The New Zealand Story

Gallipoli: The New Zealand Story
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Designs during WWI - Symbols of support 27 Apr 2015 For those on the home front, the tales of life in the trenches were a grim reminder of a global conflict - a war which became known as the Great War. Contained in the pages of the Register of Designs from 1914-1918 is a vibrant patchwork of designs which tell a tale of this time, from quirky children's toys, to patriotic badges and buttons, medallions of hope for peace and tokens of remembrance. In some cases they were designed to rally the war effort, and in others they were created to honour lost loved ones. What these designs show is that even in the simplest of ways, the war trickled into every part of people’s lives. Toy tanks Caption: John Daly's 'Toy War Tank', 10 December 1917, no. 2588. The military tank became one of the most common symbols of the battlefront. Caption: William Iggulden's 'Toy rocker', 29 July 1918, no. 2761. War is not a game Caption: Frederick Paton's 'Puzzle', 23 January 1917, no. 2345, National Archives of Australia, A13166, 3 Footnotes

Anzac Day - Anzac Day Anzac Day occurs on 25 April. It commemorates all New Zealanders killed in war and also honours returned servicemen and women. The date itself marks the anniversary of the landing of New Zealand and Australian soldiers – the Anzacs – on the Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915. The aim was to capture the Dardanelles, the gateway to the Bosphorus and the Black Sea. At the end of the campaign, Gallipoli was still held by its Turkish defenders. Thousands lost their lives in the Gallipoli campaign: 87,000 Turks, 44,000 men from France and the British Empire, including 8500 Australians. It may have led to a military defeat, but for many New Zealanders then and since, the Gallipoli landings meant the beginning of something else – a feeling that New Zealand had a role as a distinct nation, even as it fought on the other side of the world in the name of the British Empire. Anzac Day was first marked in 1916.

Te Ara Website - Gallipoli The NZ and A Division sailed to the Aegean in April, leaving behind (to their dismay) the Mounted Rifles Brigade, the Otago Mounted Rifles, and the 1st Australian Light Horse. It was part (with the 1st Australian Division) of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (abbreviated ANZAC), itself part of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force under General Sir Ian Hamilton. The MEF was to seize key points on the Gallipoli Peninsula and help the Navy through the Dardanelles – a huge amphibious operation mounted with extreme haste against the forewarned Turks. The Australian division began landing at first light on Sunday, 25 April, 13 miles north of Cape Helles, on a rocky shore fit for mountain goats rather than laden soldiers clambering upwards under fire. The British 29th Division had similarly failed to win its objectives on Cape Helles, but its small gains there seemed for the moment secure. In all, 2,721 New Zealanders died, and 4,752 were wounded (some of whom later died).

World War I: Symbols of our past Last updated 05:00, April 24 2015 Stephen Rogers, of Arrowtown, with the German iron cross his grandfather Sergeant-Major Fred Rogers found during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. From enlistment to the battlefields of World War I, Southlanders will have the chance to walk in the shoes of a local soldiers at a new World War I exhibition marking the centenary of the Anzac landing. From uniforms and medals to battered equipment and machinery, relics of the conflict returned to Southland by veterans and their families line the walls of the Southland Museum and Art Gallery. And while they combine to tell an incredible story, each has a thrilling tale of its own. Even after it was returned to New Zealand, one of the rarest treasures of all was just minutes away from being lost. "After dad died I was cleaning out some of his stuff and I took this old metal filing cabinet down to auction," Arrowtown man Stephen Rogers remembers. The split-second decision proved an inspired one.

Screen Shot 2015 05 25 at 2 43 26 pm NZ History Online - The Gallipoli campaign Each year on Anzac Day, New Zealanders (and Australians) mark the anniversary of the Gallipoli landings of 25 April 1915. On that day, thousands of young men, far from their homes, stormed the beaches on the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now Turkey. For eight long months, New Zealand troops, alongside those from Australia, Great Britain and Ireland, France, India, and Newfoundland battled harsh conditions and Ottoman forces desperately fighting to protect their homeland. By the time the campaign ended, more than 130,000 men had died: at least 87,000 Ottoman soldiers and 44,000 Allied soldiers, including more than 8700 Australians. Among the dead were 2779 New Zealanders, about a fifth of all those who had landed on the peninsula. In the wider story of the First World War, the Gallipoli campaign made no large mark.

British WW1 Medals Hundreds of thousands of men who served with the armed services, some women and some civilians received at least one WW1 medal. There are two main kinds of WW1 medal awards: campaign medals and gallantry or meritorious service awards. Campaign Medals A Campaign or a War Medal was awarded to an individual if he or she took part in a military campaign outside of the United Kingdom in a Theatre of War or in a time of war. Guide to British WW1 Campaign Medals Gallantry or Meritorious Service Awards Some individuals were awarded with a gallantry medal, an award for distinguished or meritorious service or were Mentioned in Despatches for showing special courage or devotion to duty in a particular action or circumstance. Doubtless there were many acts of courage and gallantry in the First World War which went unseen and for which no formal gallantry award was given. Guide to British WW1 Gallantry and Meritorious Service Awards Finding Records for WW1 Medals British Army WW1 Medal Records 1914-1920

Screen Shot 2015 05 25 at 2 40 43 pm National Library resources: Gallipoli Campaign Image: Anzac Cove, Gallipoli by State Library of South Australia on Flickr This year, 2015, is the 100 year anniversary since the landing of ANZAC troops on the beaches of Gallipoli, Turkey. Discover the history and what happened with the landing of the New Zealand and Australian troops. These resources have been selected to support this popular topic – Gallipoli SCIS 1674365 Digital NZThis site provides access to thousands of pictures, video, sounds and objects from New Zealand museums, libraries, galleries, archives and private institutions. Suggested level: primary, intermediate, All About Turkey Covers the history of Gallipoli and the campaign, World War I from the Turkish perspective, including naval battles, and land battles. Suggested level: intermediate, BBC History World War 1 The battle for Gallipoli February 1915 - January 1916. Eyewitness to History: Battle at Gallipoli 1915 The Gallipoli Campaign Books

In centenary of WWI, the red poppy remains potent symbol connecting past and present A view through a poppy wreath of the workroom at the Poppy Factory in Richmond near London, Thursday, Sept. 25, 2014. The factory makes the bulk of the 45 million poppies, wreaths and crosses sold across Britain to this day. (AP Photo/Kirsty Wigglesworth) (The Associated Press) William Sellick, a former soldier in the Royal Green Jackets, who served in Northern Ireland, constructs poppy wreaths at the Poppy Factory in Richmond near London, Thursday, Sept. 25, 2014. FILE - In this Thursday, Oct. 23, 2014 file photo, British Prime Minister David Cameron, right, wears a red poppy on his lapel as he speaks with the media at an EU summit in Brussels, on Thursday, Oct. 23, 2014. LONDON – William Sellick pinched the tiny scarlet petals with deft ease, turning them into paper poppies and pressing them into a wreath. The flowers are a potent symbol of remembrance and patriotism that sprang up in the aftermath of World War I to honor the war dead and raise funds for survivors.