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Robot learns ‘self-awareness’

Robot learns ‘self-awareness’
Who’s that good-looking guy? Nico examines itself and its surroundings in the mirror. (Credit: Justin Hart / Yale University ) “Only humans can be self-aware.” Another myth bites the dust. Why is this important? Using knowledge that it has learned about itself, Nico is able to use a mirror as an instrument for spatial reasoning, allowing it to accurately determine where objects are located in space based on their reflections, rather than naively believing them to exist behind the mirror. Nico’s programmer, roboticist Justin Hart, a member of the Social Robotics Lab, focuses his thesis research primarily on “robots autonomously learning about their bodies and senses,” but he also explores human-robot interaction, “including projects on social presence, attributions of intentionality, and people’s perception of robots.” “Only humans can be self-aware” joins “Only humans can recognize faces” and other disgarded myths. Nico in the looking glass References: Justin W. Related:  Emerging TechnologiesStrong Artificial IntelligenceAI Learning

Non-Human Consciousness Exists Say Experts. Now What? Non-Human Consciousness Exists Say Experts. Now What? Phillip Low at Singularity University Have you ever considered the consciousness, or unconsciousness, of your dog? Earlier this month, some of the leading scientists from around the world congregated at the Hotel Du Vin in Cambridge to discuss the evidence that has amassed over the years. the declaration of consciousness Organized by Philip Low, CEO of NeuroVigil and inventor of the iBrain, the group consisted of 25 of the planet’s top minds on the mind, including honorary guest Stephen Hawking. This announcement arises in a manner similar to the Pluto files in 2006, when the world's leading astronomer's demoted Pluto from planet to "dwarf planet". As mankind continues to explore the universe, many more discoveries will prompt an official announcement such as the one Phillip Low delivered this week at Singularity University. For more on the conference and the Cambridge declaration, check out

Robot taught to think for itself A robot that uses its own reasoning when faced with a task it hasn't completed before has been unveiled by the Hasegawa Group at the Tokyo Institute of Technology. The robot uses a technology called SOINN (Self-Organising Incremental Neural Network). Osamu Hasegawa is Associate Professor at the lab and one of the system's designers. He says: "So far, robots, including industrial robots, have been able to do specific tasks quickly and accurately. This new robot can. If it comes to a blank, it asks for help and can be taught how to do a new task, which it will then remember. The robot was filmed learning to pour a glass of water (or in this case, seeds, as water near electronics is not a good idea) but the commentator on DigInfo TV adds that the robot was next asked to produce a glass of cold water and decided itself to put down the glass and tumbler before trying to pick up the ice. When it learns to make the perfect gin and tonic, I want one.

Can A Computer Finally Pass For Human? “Why not develop music in ways unknown…? If beauty is present, it is present.” That’s Emily Howell talking – a highly creative computer program written in LISP by U.C. Classical musicians refuse to perform Emily’s compositions, and Cope says they believe “the creation of music is innately human, and somehow this computer program was a threat…to that unique human aspect of creation.” The article includes a sample of her music, as intriguing as her haiku-like responses to queries. Share Researchers Create Thousand Strong Swarm Of Bots That Can Assemble Into Complex Shapes By itself, this simple little puck-shaped robot is cute, but not revolutionary: It’s a few centimeters across, stands on three pin-like legs, moves a centimeter a second, and costs about $20. Put a thousand or so of these Kilobots together, and you have the largest robotic swarm the world has ever seen. Self-assembling robotic systems exist, but they’ve been limited to dozens, maybe a few hundred robots. Now, a trio of Harvard researchers led by Michael Rubenstein has programmed 1,024 Kilobots to organize themselves into various shapes, such as stars, a wrench, and letters of the alphabet. The work was published in Science this week. Kilobots were designed to mimic the behavior of a swarm of bees, colony of army ants, or flock of starlings. These inexpensive robots have two little vibrating motors to help them slide across surfaces on their skinny rigid legs. The infrared transmitters are also used by the scientists to give commands to all the bots simultaneously. Photo Gallery

Zuckerberg and Musk invest in brain-building AI firm Mark Zuckerberg, Elon Musk, and Ashton Kutcher want to build an artificial brain that thinks the way you think. As reported by Wall Street Journal, the Facebook CEO, the co-founder of Tesla, and the dude from That 70s Show were part of a $40 million (£24 million) investment in a new kind of artificial intelligence called Vicarious. The San Francisco-based startup aims to recreate your neocortex, the part of your brain that handles cognitive functions like language and math. IBM has long explored the possibility of an artificial brain. The aim here is to vastly improve the ability of machines to recognise images or process natural language. Vicarious sets itself apart from others in the field by focusing on a model of the neocortex, the part of the brain dedicated high-level cognitive functions like spatial reasoning and language processing. To be sure, actually building a working copy of the full neocortex -- let alone the entire human brain -- may never be possible.

Data that lives forever is possible: Japan's Hitachi As Bob Dylan and the Rolling Stones prove, good music lasts a long time; now Japanese hi-tech giant Hitachi says it can last even longer—a few hundred million years at least. The company on Monday unveiled a method of storing digital information on slivers of quartz glass that can endure extreme temperatures and hostile conditions without degrading, almost forever. And for anyone who updated their LP collection onto CD, only to find they then needed to get it all on MP3, a technology that never needs to change might sound appealing. "The volume of data being created every day is exploding, but in terms of keeping it for later generations, we haven't necessarily improved since the days we inscribed things on stones," Hitachi researcher Kazuyoshi Torii said. "The possibility of losing information may actually have increased," he said, noting the life of digital media currently available—CDs and hard drives—is limited to a few decades or a century at most.

Neurosurgeon to attempt world's first head transplant An Italian neurosurgeon has unveiled plans to perform the first human head transplant by the end of 2017. Dr Sergio Canavero announced his plan at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurological and Orthopaedic Surgeons in the US state of Maryland on Friday, saying he believes he has a 90 percent chance of success. He said his patient will be a 30-year-old Russian man, Valery Spiridonov, who has the muscle-wasting disease, Werdnig-Hoffmann. "Of course there is a margin of risk, I cannot deny that," Canavero said. "I made the announcement only when I was pretty sure I could do it." Both men, who have been in regular contact through video chats, believe the controversial procedure is Spiridonov's best hope, the Reuters news agency reported. "If it goes good, I think I will get rid of the limits which I have today and I will be more independent and this will much improve my life," Spiridonov said. "We are making a huge step forward in science and I hope it will be OK." Source: Reuters

Microsoft wants to out-think Google Brain with Project Adam We're entering a new age of artificial intelligence. Drawing on the work of a clever cadre of academic researchers, the biggest names in tech -- including Google, Facebook, Microsoft, and Apple -- are embracing a more powerful form of AI known as "deep learning," using it to improve everything from speech recognition and language translation to computer vision, the ability to identify images without human help. In this new AI order, the general assumption is that Google is out in front. The company now employs the researcher at the heart of the deep-learning movement, the University of Toronto's Geoff Hinton. It has openly discussed the real-world progress of its new AI technologies, including the way deep learning has revamped voice search on Android smartphones. But Adam doesn't aim to top Google with new deep-learning algorithms. HOGWILD! Microsoft says this setup can actually help its neural networks more quickly and more accurately train themselves to understand things like images.

Deep learning Branch of machine learning Deep learning (also known as deep structured learning or differential programming) is part of a broader family of machine learning methods based on artificial neural networks with representation learning. Learning can be supervised, semi-supervised or unsupervised.[1][2][3] Deep learning architectures such as deep neural networks, deep belief networks, recurrent neural networks and convolutional neural networks have been applied to fields including computer vision, speech recognition, natural language processing, audio recognition, social network filtering, machine translation, bioinformatics, drug design, medical image analysis, material inspection and board game programs, where they have produced results comparable to and in some cases surpassing human expert performance.[4][5][6] Artificial neural networks (ANNs) were inspired by information processing and distributed communication nodes in biological systems. Definition[edit] Overview[edit] History[edit]

Inject Your Eyeballs With Night Vision Synopsis In "people becoming superhuman" news, a small independent research group has figured out how to give humans night vision, allowing them to see over 50 meters in the dark for a short time. Summary Science for the Masses, a group of biohackers based a couple hours north of Los Angeles in Tehachapi, California,theorized they could enhance healthy eyesight enough that it would induce night vision.

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