Your brain on multitasking « What's in your wake? | Main | My First ETech Comments » Your brain on multitasking If you're a programmer, you know that context-switching in a multi-threaded system isn't 100% free. There's overhead with tiny bits of time lost on each switch, as a new thread takes control. Well, it's the same way with your brain. And although there have been plenty of studies to show otherwise, the belief that multitasking will let us get more done continues. Our brains can't do even two independent things that require conscious thought, especially if those two things involve different goals. With each context switch, say, from the phone conversation to the email, there's a hit. So if you're stressed for time, do everything you can to resist the seemingly-intuitive notion that doing several things at once will save time. But imagine what it would be like if every time your co-worker, friend, spouse, lover, child wanted to say something to you and you turned and gave that person all your attention. Raj
Crash course in learning theory « If pets could design user experiences... | Main | Crash Course in Learning Summary » Crash course in learning theory One formula (of many) for a successful blog is to create a "learning blog". A blog that shares what you know, to help others. Even--or especially--if that means giving away your "secrets". It's what I try to do here because--let's face it--you're just not that into me ; ) But I assume (since you're reading this blog) that you ARE into helping your users kick ass. So, as promised in an earlier post, here's a crash course on some of our favorite learning techniques gleaned from cognitive science, learning theory, neuroscience, psychology, and entertainment (including game design). This is not a comprehensive look at the state of learning theory today, but it does include almost everything we think about in creating our books. Crash Course in Learning Theory The long version... • Talk to the brain first, mind second. Learning is not a one-way "push" model. • Use visuals!
How to make something amazing, right now « Reducing fear is the killer app | Main | Dilbert and the zone of mediocrity » How to make something amazing, right now What if you needed to build a powerful web app, but you had only ten hours a week for programming? What if you wanted to write a novel, but you had to do it in 30 days? What if you wanted to create a computer game, but you had only 48 hours? Shakespeare wrote sonnets in iambic pentameter. Some of the cleverest computer-themed poems are haikus: The code was willing, It considered your request, But the chips were weak. The Web site you seek cannot be located but endless others exist Serious error. (Sorry, I don't know the names of the haiku authors) 37Signals built their popular Basecamp app under extreme constraints, and a wildly successful framework, Ruby on Rails, was born in the process. Big ass budgets and tons of time don't necessarily produce better products. This blog and many others have Make no mistake: You will be writing a lot of crap. TrackBack Comments Beth P.S.
Various Ideas for Learning Activities © Copyright Carter McNamara, MBA, PhD, Authenticity Consulting, LLC. Adapted from the Field Guide to Leadership and Supervision. There are numerous types of activities which learners can conduct to reach their learning objectives -- arguably the best activity is life itself. The learner can conduct one type of activity below or several. Note that conducting any of the following activities (or types of activities) will not by themselves necessarily generate learning. Sections of This Topic Include Some Typical Ways of LearningMiscellaneous Other WaysSome Tangible Results that Can Be Used to "Document" Learning Also seeRelated Library Topics Also See the Library's Blogs Related to Activities for Learning and Development In addition to the articles on this current page, also see the following blogs that have posts related to Various Ideas for Learning Activities. Some Typical Ways of Learning Apprenticeships For centuries, apprenticeships were the major approach to learning a craft. Coaching
Audiblox: Overcoming Dyslexia, Dysgraphia, Learning Difficulties Democratic education Democratic education is an educational ideal in which democracy is both a goal and a method of instruction. It brings democratic values to education and can include self-determination within a community of equals, as well as such values as justice, respect and trust. History The history of democratic education spans from at least the 1600s. Enlightenment era In 1693, John Locke published Some Thoughts Concerning Education. Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s book of advice on education, Émile, was first published in 1762. 19th century While Locke and Rousseau were concerned only with the education of the children of the wealthy, in the 19th century Leo Tolstoy set up a school for peasant children. 20th century Dom Sierot In 1912 Janusz Korczak founded Dom Sierot, the Jewish orphanage in Warsaw, which was run on democratic lines until 1940, when he accompanied all his charges to the gas-chambers of the Treblinka extermination camp. Free schools movement
Summerhill School Summerhill School is an independent British boarding school that was founded in 1921 by Alexander Sutherland Neill with the belief that the school should be made to fit the child, rather than the other way around. It is run as a democratic community; the running of the school is conducted in the school meetings, which anyone, staff or pupil, may attend, and at which everyone has an equal vote. These meetings serve as both a legislative and judicial body. Members of the community are free to do as they please, so long as their actions do not cause any harm to others, according to Neill's principle "Freedom, not Licence." This extends to the freedom for pupils to choose which lessons, if any, they attend. History Summerhill School was founded in 1921 in Hellerau near Dresden, Germany by Neill as part of Neue Schule ("New School"). After Neill died in 1973 it was run by his wife, Ena, until 1985. Philosophy Classes are voluntary at Summerhill. Academics Ombudsmen A.
Autodidacticism "Self-taught" redirects here. For the hip hop group, see Self Taught. Autodidacticism (also autodidactism) or self-education (also self-learning and self-teaching) is the education without the guidance of masters (such as teachers and professors) or institutions. Generally, an autodidact is an individual who chooses the subject they will study, their studying material and the studying rhythm and time. An autodidact may or may not have formal education, and their study may be either a complement or an alternative to it. Many notable contributions have been made by autodidacts. Etymology The term has its roots in the Ancient Greek words αὐτός (autós, or "self") and διδακτικός (didaktikos, meaning "teaching"). Modern education Autodidacticism is sometimes a complement of modern education. As a complement to education, students would be encouraged to do more independent work. The Industrial Revolution created a new situation for self-directed learners. Dr. Future role
Student-centred learning Student-centered learning, that is, putting students interests first, is in contrast to traditional education, by proponents of "student-centered learning" also dubbed "teacher-centred learning". Student-centred learning is focused on each student's interests, abilities, and learning styles, placing the teacher as a facilitator of learning. This classroom teaching method acknowledges student voice as central to the learning experience for every learner, and differs from many other learning methodologies. In a student-centred classroom, students choose what they will learn, how they will learn, and how they will assess their own learning. Teacher-centred learning has the teacher at its centre in an active role and students in a passive, receptive role. Background In traditional education methodologies, teachers direct the learning process and students assume a receptive role in their education. These changes have impacted educator's methods of teaching and the way students learn.
Unschooling Philosophy Children are natural learners A fundamental premise of unschooling is that curiosity is innate and that children want to learn. From this an argument can be made that institutionalizing children in a so-called "one size fits all" or "factory model" school is an inefficient use of the children's time, because it requires each child to learn a specific subject matter in a particular manner, at a particular pace, and at a specific time regardless of that individual's present or future needs, interests, goals, or any pre-existing knowledge he or she might have about the topic. Many unschoolers believe that opportunities for valuable hands-on, community-based, spontaneous, and real-world experiences are missed when educational opportunities are limited to, or dominated by, those inside a school building. Learning Styles People vary in their "learning styles", that is, how they acquire new information. Developmental differences Essential body of knowledge
Anarchistic free school An anarchistic free school (also anarchist free school and free skool) is a decentralized network in which skills, information, and knowledge are shared without hierarchy or the institutional environment of formal schooling. Free school students may be adults, children, or both. This organisational structure is distinct from ones used by democratic free schools which permit children's individual initiatives and learning endeavors within the context of a school democracy, and from free education where 'traditional' schooling is made available to pupils without charge. The open structure of free schools is intended to encourage self-reliance, critical consciousness, and personal development. Free schools often operate outside the market economy in favor of a gift economy. Free schools have their roots in the anarchist Escuela Moderna of Spain in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Philosophy History Currently active free schools/skools Canada United Kingdom
9 Tactics for Rapid Learning (That Most People Have Never Heard Of) Whenever the subject of why some people learn faster comes up, I get a whole host of common answers: Some people are just naturally smart. (Often implying you can’t improve)Everyone is “smart” in their own way. (Nonsense, research indicates different “intelligences” often correlate)IQ is all in the genes. (Except IQ changes with age and IQ tests can be studied for, like any other test) There may be some truth to these claims. Considering the upcoming launch of my rapid learning program, I wanted to share my favorite tactics to learn faster, retain information better or just enjoy the process of learning more: #1 – Pegging (or How Mental Magicians can Perfectly Recall Hundreds of Numbers) One of my favorite learning tactics, that is rarely mentioned, is pegging. The systems I’ve seen typically work with a special cheat sheet. From there, you can translate any series of numbers into a series of letters. Here’s a quick way to separate the rapid learners from the average learners.
Are You Ready To Be Lucky? We’re at an interesting crossroads in terms of careers. We still want them, but they don’t exist anymore. In the US, the typical job tenure is now 4 years, with most workers cycling through about 11 jobs in their lifetime. If the 20th-century career was a ladder that we climbed from one predictable rung to the next, the 21st-century career is more like a broad rock face that we are all free climbing. The lightning-fast evolution of technology means that jobs can now become indispensable or outmoded in a matter of years, or even months. A substantive portion of the working population now earns its livelihood doing a job that didn’t exist 10 or 20 years ago. A substantive portion of the working population now earns its livelihood doing a job that didn’t exist 10 or 20 years ago. Ten years from now, we’ll probably all be doing some new type of work that we couldn’t even possibly imagine today. 1. You may have heard the term “life sport” before. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. What’s Next For You?