What this handout is about This handout will help you understand what the passive voice is, why many professors and writing instructors frown upon it, and how you can revise your paper to achieve greater clarity. Some things here may surprise you. Myths So what is the passive voice? 1. Use of the passive voice is not a grammatical error. 2. The passive voice entails more than just using a being verb. 3. On the contrary, you can very easily use the passive voice in the first person. 4. While the passive voice can weaken the clarity of your writing, there are times when the passive voice is OK and even preferable. 5. See Myth #1. Do any of these misunderstandings sound familiar? Defining the passive voice A passive construction occurs when you make the object of an action into the subject of a sentence. Why was the road crossed by the chicken? Who is doing the action in this sentence? Once you know what to look for, passive constructions are easy to spot. For example: becomes Scientific writing
ParagraphsWhat this handout is about This handout will help you understand how paragraphs are formed, how to develop stronger paragraphs, and how to completely and clearly express your ideas. What is a paragraph? Paragraphs are the building blocks of papers. How do I decide what to put in a paragraph? Before you can begin to determine what the composition of a particular paragraph will be, you must first decide on an argument and a working thesis statement for your paper. The decision about what to put into your paragraphs begins with the germination of a seed of ideas; this “germination process” is better known as brainstorming. So, let’s suppose that you have done some brainstorming to develop your thesis. How do I organize a paragraph? There are many different ways to organize a paragraph. Narration: Tell a story. 5-step process to paragraph development Let’s walk through a 5-step process for building a paragraph. Step 1. Paragraph development begins with the formulation of the controlling idea.
Culpa - Jusleksikon.noCulpa er et latinsk ord som betyr «skyld». Skyldbegrepene forsett, uforsvarlig og uaktsomhet handler om subjektivt ansvar og i juridisk terminologi brukes ordet (culpa) så godt som utelukkende i betydningen «uaktsomhet». Uaktsomhet (culpa levis) kalles gjerne simpel uaktsomhet eller vanlig uaktsomhet. Det er ingen skarp grense mellom simpel og grov uaktsomhet. Ordet er mye brukt i norsk og øvrig nordisk erstatningsrett, som beskrivelse av den normen man må holde seg innenfor ved sin opptreden (culpanormen). I juridisk sammenheng snakker man også om uten culpa som betyr uten skyldansvar og dette regnes som objektivt ansvar. Culpa brukes også, i mindre grad, innenfor norsk strafferett, først og fremst i forbindelse med begrepet culpa levissima, som er en betegnelse på en svært lav skyldgrad («den letteste uaktsomhet»). Se også Eksterne lenker
How to Punctuate DialogueDecember 8, 2010 by Fiction Editor Beth Hill last modified April 18, 2016 The PDF Punctuation in Dialogue ($0.99) and The Magic of Fiction (available in paperback and PDF) both contain expanded and updated versions of this material. Dialogue h as its own rules for punctuation. Only what is spoken is within the quotation marks. Dialogue begins with a capitalized word, no matter where in the sentence it begins. Only direct dialogue requires quotation marks. Direct: “She was a bore,” he said.Indirect: He said [that] she was a bore. Here are some of the rules, with examples. Single line of dialogue, no dialogue tagThe entire sentence, including the period (or question mark or exclamation point) is within the quotation marks. “He loved you.” Single line with dialogue tag (attribution) following The dialogue is enclosed in quotation marks. Because the dialogue tag—she said—is part of the same sentence, it is not capped. “He loved you,” she said. She said, “He loved you.” “He loved you?” “He loved y—“