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World population World population estimates from 1800 to 2100, based on "high", "medium" and "low" United Nations projections in 2010 (colored red, orange and green) and US Census Bureau historical estimates (in black). Actual recorded population figures are colored in blue. According to the highest estimate, the world population may rise to 16 billion by 2100; according to the lowest estimate, it may decline to 6 billion. The world population is the total number of living humans on Earth. The world population has continuously grown since the end of the Great Famine and the Black Death in 1350, when it was near 370 million.[6] The fastest growth rates – global population increases above 1.8% per year – occurred briefly during the 1950s, and for longer during the 1960s and 1970s. Population by region[edit] Six of Earth's seven continents are permanently inhabited on a large scale. Population by continent[edit] History[edit] Antiquity and Middle Ages[edit] Modern era[edit] Milestones by the billions[edit]

Chemical Weapons Stockpile and Destruction Sites Map and Photos The following map and photos depict the locations of what remains of the U.S. chemical weapons stockpile and the facilities being constructed to complete the destruction of remaining chemical agents. According to a press release from the Department of Defense’s Assembled Chemical Weapons Alternatives program office, the U.S. had destroyed “nearly 90 percent of the chemical weapons stockpile” in advance of the extended Chemical Weapons Convention deadline of April 29, 2012. Though chemical weapons were originally stored at eight continental U.S. Army military installations, only two facilities remain active. Original Locations and Compositions of Continental U.S. Pueblo Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant (PCAPP) Aerial view of the Pueblo Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant site at Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo County, Colorado. Overview of Pueblo Chemical Agent-Destruction Pilot Plant detailing the various buildings involved in each phase of chemical weapon destruction.

Filter Island Filter island program (detail) © UrbanLab Project by UrbanLab In the 1909 “Plan of Chicago,” Daniel Burnham sought to harmonize two physical systems that had always been incom­patible along Chicago’s lakefront: transportation and recreation. Re-envisioned transportation networks included railroads to be realigned, roadways to be built, and harbors to be located. A decade before Burnham’s Plan, engineers transformed the Chicago River into a model of water management and transportation infrastructure. Today, Chicago faces new challenges to its physical form. We believe it is time to redesign the river and while we’re at it, leverage the redesign to conceptualize new civic possibilities. Waterways – Before © UrbanLab Waterways – After © UrbanLab Damming the river will halt the transmission of invasive species and prevent yearly losses of billions of gallons of Lake Michigan water currently leaking through the existing locks. Filter Island plan © UrbanLab Filter Island program © UrbanLab

Zodiac Division of the Ecliptic into ArcsDwazdahan The ecliptic strip or belt in the celestial sphere (in whose confines the Sun’s describes a path) which is commonly divided into 360 degrees. The ecliptic is further divided into twelve arcs known in Middle Persian Zoroastrian texts as dwazdah-an "the twelve ones" each 30° long. Each arc contains a named group of stars called a named constellation or group of prominent stars. Zodiac - Its Etymology It is commonly understood that the term zodiac derives from Latin "zōdiacus" which means a circuit. Constellations Dwazdah-Akhtaran The Zodiac consists of twelve constellations, the Dwazdah-Akhtaran, a discernible group of stars that from a pattern.There are 88 constellations. Varak (Aries) When the Zoroastrian zodiac was last assembled, the first degree of Varak the ram (known in the West as Aries) marked the start of vernal or spring equinox, the first day of spring in the northern hemisphere. Twelve Signs of the Zodiac

Wind Map An invisible, ancient source of energy surrounds us—energy that powered the first explorations of the world, and that may be a key to the future. This map shows you the delicate tracery of wind flowing over the US. The wind map is a personal art project, not associated with any company. We've done our best to make this as accurate as possible, but can't make any guarantees about the correctness of the data or our software. Please do not use the map or its data to fly a plane, sail a boat, or fight wildfires :-) If the map is missing or seems slow, we recommend the latest Chrome browser. Surface wind data comes from the National Digital Forecast Database. If you're looking for a weather map, or just want more detail on the weather today, see these more traditional maps of temperature and wind.

Transportation, Agriculture + Housing - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln has been shaped by three dominant forces: transportation, housing and agriculture. These forces represent three distinct poles that have each influenced growth and urban development at varying intensities at different points in time, making Lincoln a tri-polar city. TRANSPORTATION: In the 1870s, rail infrastructure built in Lincoln connected it to eastern and western cities, making it an ideal hub for transcontinental shipment. AGRICULTURE: In the 1970s, agricultural subsidies led to mono-cropping and the mechanization of farming at the perimeter of the city; now, Lincoln is surrounded by large cornfields that are heavily fertilized to maximize single stream production for industrial uses, such as ethanol production, corn-syrup and animal feed. HOUSING: Housing morphologies have responded to the growth conditions enabled by agriculture and transportation infrastructure. Lincoln’s urban form has been subject to the push and pull of these three forces. Mapping Commodity Masses 1.

Members and partners In a Supplementary Protocol to the Convention on the OECD of 14 December 1960, the signatory countries agreed that the European Commission should take part in the work of the OECD. European Commission representatives work alongside Members in the preparation of texts and participate in discussions on the OECD’s work programme and strategies, and are involved in the work of the entire Organisation and its different bodies. While the European Commission’s participation goes well beyond that of an observer, it does not have the right to vote on decisions or recommendations presented before Council for adoption. Useful links Convention on the OECD Dates of accession OECD work on EU Key partners In May 2007, OECD countries agreed to invite Chile, Estonia, Israel, Russia and Slovenia to open discussions for membership of the Organisation and offered a programme of "enhanced engagement" to Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa. OECD partners and enlargement OECD work with key partners

Air pollution monitoring stations face closure as government looks to cut costs | Environment Up to 600 stations for monitoring air pollution across England could be shut down under new government plans to save money by cutting regulations. Ministers want to remove obligations on local authorities to assess air quality in their areas, resulting in less monitoring. But environmental campaigners are accusing them of trying to hide one of the country's biggest public health problems. Government advisers have estimated that one type of pollutant – miniscule particles from diesel engines, fossil fuel power stations and other sources – is killing 29,000 people a year in the UK, and costing health services about £16bn. But European air pollution limits meant to protect health are being breached in urban areas across the country, with the highest levels in London. But now Defra has launched a six-week consultation, due to close on 30 August, proposing a radical overhaul of the local air quality management regime that has been in place since 1997.

Resonant Cyberspace and the Dream of Tielhard de Chardin Progressive Catholics have long cherished Teilhard de Chardin and his unique and mystical vision, and for those of us who have only recently discovered the New Cosmology, his discovery is as great an epiphany as the encountering of Hildegard, Julian of Norwich, or any of the other mystics who testify to Divine immanence. Teilhard was a man possessed of rare vision who was capable of remythologizing his faith to fit the "facts" that his scientific studies convinced him of. His was not a God "out there" who disapproved of humans hypothesizing about or even tampering with the Creation. His God was an organic entity who lived and breathed the life and breath of the Creation, a Creator who was simultaneously giving birth to and being born from the magnificent organism of the universe. Chardin was not a psychologist, nor even a philosopher in the usual sense. The evolutionary ascent of human beings occurs, according to Chardin's theory, in two stages of what he calls "planetization."