background preloader

Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art

Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art

Male Rope Pack 2 - Pose reference by *SenshiStock on deviantART Timeline of Philosophers This is a timeline of Philosophers. Just choose the Philosopher you are interested in, and you will be taken to a page containing their biographical information. On each page is a biography, information on major works and theories, and links to other sites with information. Since this list is incomplete right now, please also view the Philosophers page. Shot Through the Heart - Pose Reference by *SenshiStock on deviantART

Skepticism and Content Externalism First published Fri Oct 29, 2004; substantive revision Tue Mar 20, 2012 [Editor's Note: The following revised entry has a new title. It was previously titled Brains in a Vat.] One skeptical hypothesis about the external world, namely that one is a brain in a vat with systematically delusory experience, is modelled on the Cartesian Evil Genius hypothesis, according to which one is a victim of thoroughgoing error induced by a God-like deceiver. Hilary Putnam (1981) provided an apparent refutation of a version of the brain-in-a-vat hypothesis, based upon content externalism (also known as semantic externalism). 1. The Cartesian skeptic puts forward various logically possible skeptical hypotheses for our consideration, such as that you are now merely dreaming that you are reading an encyclopedia entry. After having sketched this brain-in-a-vat hypothesis, the skeptic issues a challenge: can you rule out the possibility described in the hypothesis? 2. (¬SK) I am not a BIV. 3. 4. A*.

70+ Stunning Abstract Photographs For many, the concept of abstract art breeds images of what appear to the uneducated eye as random swathes of color and shape tossed into a scene to create something the artists deems representation of a specific entity such as an emotion or situation. When it comes to photography, similar notions can occur as we are confronted with confusing images containing unspecific subject matter. But do not be afraid, there is an awful lot to be learned from abstract photography. Practical Tips Abstract photography is based on the photographers eye. We're looking to capture something in a way that it would not usually be seen. Techniques Abstract photography is not about abiding by the rules. Approach it from angles, move your feet, bend your knees, look up, look down, look for patterns and correlating colors. My favorite aspects of shooting abstract shots is the moment when someone looks at an image and says "I really like it, but what is it?" Photo Inspiration Hippie Extrajection Dimitridf Bill Gracey

Has Socialism Failed? By Joe Slovo South African Communist Party Contents The subject matter of this discussion paper will no doubt be debated for years to come both inside and outside the ranks of communist and workers' parties. January 1990 Socialism is undoubtedly in the throes of a crisis greater than at any time since 1917. The mounting chronicle of crimes and distortions in the history of existing socialism, its economic failures and the divide which developed between socialism and democracy, have raised doubts in the minds of many former supporters of the socialist cause as to whether socialism can work at all. Shock-waves of very necessary self-examination have also been triggered off among communists both inside and outside the socialist world. But it is more vital than ever to subject the past of existing socialism to an unsparing critique in order to draw the necessary lessons. 1. 2. A. B. Most communists, of course, concede that a great deal 'went wrong' and needs to be corrected. C. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Creatively Approaching Abstract Photography Photography takes many forms and incorporates many different styles, most of which either fall into the categories of documentary or fine art. It is in the second category that we find abstract photography, a means of visual expression that's purpose is not to inform the viewer, but to engage and excite. Step 1 - What is abstract photography? Handily, there isn't really a defined meaning or explanation of what abstract photography entails, and in the same regard to abstract art, the content of the work is essentially unimportant and often entirely ambiguous. What does take precedence is the form, colour, line and texture within the composition, to create a piece that is visually stimulating. Step 2 - It's all in the approach So how does one go about taking abstract photographs? Step 3 - Break the rules! It's important to consider what elements of your subject that you want to engage with in order to enhance your shot. Step 4 - Pattern & Line Step 5 - Form Step 6 - Colour

SYMBIOSIS: A Creative Commons art book by Steven Sanders If you haven't watched the above video, I encourage you to check it out. Themba Moyo and Buster Moody did a bang-up job on it, and I'm proud to have had their help and support with this project. (If you'd like to see the video in eye-searing, mind-rending 1080p, check it out here.) Symbiosis is a Creative Commons licensed, world-building art book by comic and concept artist Steven Sanders. It explores a world where there are no mechanical sources of power. The Creative Commons licensing turns this book into a world-building toolkit that you can use to make your own RPGs, comics, cosplay, novels, or anything you can imagine that is inspired by the world in this book. It's the first book of its kind. Here's a couple stand-in stretch goals until I hear back from the printer: The major one: 75K If we can bring in pledges hand over fist, I'll bump the page count back up to my original planned count of 200 pages for the book! Closest one: What you do with this story is up to you. Sample pages: Hi!

So You Want to Become an Artist? Painting is not just mixing colors, it is a combination of your drawing skills, combined with mixing, plus learning how to compose, and capture the subject. 1. Two Dimensions The first concept you must realize, and you found this when you were drawing, that you are attempting to translate and put a three dimensional subject, like a tree for instance (which has height, width and depth) onto on onto a a two-dimensional surface (paper, canvas, etc. which has height and width only). Your painting surface is flat! Simply put, the challenge is to use techniques of perspective, foreshortening and more to emulate what you see in reality. What are these things of perspective, foreshortening and more? 2. Art is a solo show and endeavor. Instructors are the ones who can really tell you what is good or needs correcting in your work. 3. 4. 5. 6.

Navigating comics: an empirical and theoretical approach to strategies of reading comic page layouts | Neil Cohn Cohn Navigating comics been found in right-to-left reading cultures. Given this, we mightexpect the left-to-right reading orientation to engender the use of a Z-path as well.A Z-path certainly makes sense for a grid organization of pan-els ( ), which is most similar to the rows of text, butlayouts may depart from or manipulate a straightforward gridin several ways. The borders of panels may become angled oreliminated, or panels might take strange sizes or shapes. Thesemanipulations are relatively superficial though, since they may not necessarily force a reader to question how to order the panels.Morechallengingmanipulationsmightvarythe proximity of pan-els with each other, either through separation of the panels fromeach other ( overlapping panels on top of each other( ). staggered Blockage occurs when pan-els are stacked vertically next to a panel that runs the distance of the vertical panels. ,following the Z-path causespanel C to be ordered before panel B. Never,4 manga ). ).