background preloader

Patent Absurdity — How software patents broke the system

Patent Absurdity — How software patents broke the system
Related:  Logiciel libre

Logiciel libre « Korben Korben Cet article est une ébauche. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant : Compléter l'article Restructurer le contenu Rajouter des illustrations Créer des pages Alerter dans les discussions si le sujet n'a pas lieu d'être et veiller à ce que la ligne éditoriale de ce wiki soit bien respectée Un Logiciel "Libre", C'est quoi? Un logiciel libre (ou logiciel "libérateur") est, en opposition à un logiciel propriétaire (ou logiciel "privateur"), un logiciel qui ouvre son "code source" aux développeurs de logiciels et aux utilisateurs des logiciels, c'est à dire VOUS! Les principes du logiciel libre ont étés posés par Richard Stallman qui a créé avec Eben Moglen la licence libre GPL (General Public Licence) qui est la plus utilisé dans le monde du logiciel libre, lorsqu'il écrivit le système d'exploitation GNU et son noyau le Hurd. Les principes du logiciel libre sont axés sur 4 principes, appelés "libertés": La liberté d'exécuter le programme, pour tous les usages (liberté 0).

Laziness & productivity Here are some Tories: Once they enter the workplace, the British are among the worst idlers in the world...We work among the lowest hours, we retire early and our productivity is poor. This is silly. Let's look at the facts.UK workers do indeed put in fewer hours than most. But it's not the case that our productivity - in terms of output per hour - is poor.In fact, it's above the OECD average. What's more, across the 35 countries in the OECD's sample, there's a strong negative correlation (-0.81) between hours worked and productivity.Nations with long working hours tend to have low productivity, and nations with shorter hours have higher productivity. Of the 11 OECD countries with the longest working hours, all have lower productivity than the UK - in most cases very much so. By contrast, every single one of the nations with shorter hours than the UK has higher hourly productivity. The US is an outlier by international standards in having both long working hours and high productivity.

US Court: RapidShare Not Guilty of Copyright Infringement | Torr The popular file-hosting service RapidShare is not guilty of copyright infringement, the United States District Court of California has ruled. The ruling is an important victory for RapidShare, which has been increasingly targeted by the entertainment industries. Last year, adult media company Perfect 10 filed a lawsuit against the leading file-hosting service, RapidShare. Among other claims, Perfect 10’s lawsuit stated that RapidShare was guilty of infringing the copyrights of many of its images. The California-based company called for a jury trial in the United States to settle the issue. This week the District Court of California rejected Perfect 10′s request for a temporary injunction. “The view that RapidShare does not promote any infringements of copyright, unlike other file-hosts, appears to be gradually catching on,” Christian Schmid, founder of RapidShare said. “It is a milestone for us that this is also happening in the US.

FDN -- Association fournisseur d'accès RTC et ADSL Stuart Aken: ‘Work Hard And You’ll Succeed’; The Biggest Lie? Almost from infancy, we’re brought up to believe this mantra. It follows us through school, reinforced by loving and caring parents, and is ingrained in our very personas through repetition and, often, a form of example. The successful, in the terms of our current society, are held up as models of what hard work will bring us. It is, of course, a lie. Okay, so I’ve now lost those of a right wing mind-set. Why is it a lie? I could be philosophical, ingenious, clever; I could employ numerous charts and lots of statistical analysis to illustrate my answer. Do you know wealthy miners? Yet all these people can be described as hard workers. Why do we believe this mantra, this persuasive urge to reward in exchange for hard labour, if it so clearly isn’t true? You won’t be surprised to learn that I have a theory. But, in this case, I’m inclined to the view that there is a sort of conspiracy at work here. To whose real advantage is the mantra? So, if the actual workers don’t gain, who does?

New EU rules could kill off European VC and screw startups – Let The European Union’s proposed Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive sounds relatively innocuous. But its impact could have far reaching consequences for Europe’s emerging startup tech scene, imposing higher costs, red tape and put off most institutional investors from investing in VC funds. The Directive could – to be blunt – completely shaft VC, and thus venture backed startups in Europe. Here’s how, and here’s what you can do about it. The AIDM Directive is part of wider moves by the European Commission to regulate the ‘riskier’ end of the financial system. But in seeking to impose greater transparency and accountability on hedge funds and private equity firms, like a cod trawler killing dophins, this drag net could destroy the early stage investment scene in Europe. This “catch-all” regulation stretches across hedge funds to venture firms, with very little consideration of how these vehicles operate. But as we all know, US VCs don’t invest that much on the ground in Europe.

Licence publique générale GNU Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Pour les articles homonymes, voir GPL. Licence publique générale GNU Logo de la licence publique générale GNU, version 3. Cette licence a depuis été adoptée, en tant que document définissant le mode d'utilisation, donc d'usage et de diffusion, par de nombreux auteurs de logiciels libres, en dehors des projets GNU. Principe de la licence GPL[modifier | modifier le code] La GPL met en œuvre la notion de copyleft, un jeu de mots anglais faisant référence à la notion de copyright (right en anglais signifie à la fois le droit, c'est-à-dire la règle juridique, et la droite, qui marque une direction) que l'on peut transposer en français en parlant de « Gauche d'auteur » par référence au Droit d'auteur. La GPL est la licence de logiciel libre la plus utilisée. L'esprit et l'objectif[modifier | modifier le code] Son histoire[modifier | modifier le code] Richard Stallman en discussion au deuxième jour de la première conférence GPLv3 le 17 janvier 2006.

1 in 2 new graduates are jobless or underemployed WASHINGTON (AP) — The college class of 2012 is in for a rude welcome to the world of work. A weak labor market already has left half of young college graduates either jobless or underemployed in positions that don't fully use their skills and knowledge. Young adults with bachelor's degrees are increasingly scraping by in lower-wage jobs — waiter or waitress, bartender, retail clerk or receptionist, for example — and that's confounding their hopes a degree would pay off despite higher tuition and mounting student loans. An analysis of government data conducted for The Associated Press lays bare the highly uneven prospects for holders of bachelor's degrees. Opportunities for college graduates vary widely. While there's strong demand in science, education and health fields, arts and humanities flounder. View gallery In this photo taken Thursday, April 19, 2012, Kelman Edwards Jr., working out at an apartment comple … His situation highlights a widening but little-discussed labor problem.

The gangsters of Silicon Valley In the smartphone market alone, $15-20 billion has already been spent by technology companies on building defenses, says Stanford Law School professor Mark Lemley. For example, Google bought Motorola Mobility for $12.5 billion—mostly for its patents. An Apple-Microsoft-Oracle-Nokia consortium bought Nortel’s patent portfolio for $4.5 billion. Microsoft bought Novell’s patent portfolio for $450 million and some of AOL’s patents for $1 billion. Facebook bought some of Microsoft’s new AOL patents for $550 million. The larger players can afford to buy patents to deter the trolls, but the smaller players—the innovative startups—can’t. In a Sept. 2010 paper titled Patent Quality and Settlement Among Repeat Patent Litigants, Lemley, John Allison of University of Texas, and Joshua Walker of Stanford Law School, analyzed patent lawsuits. Technology industry heavyweight Brad Feld says that software patents represent a destructive force in the startup world. Clearly, the laws need revision.

Licence BSD Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Licence BSD La licence BSD (Berkeley software distribution license) est une licence libre utilisée pour la distribution de logiciels. Elle permet de réutiliser tout ou une partie du logiciel sans restriction, qu'il soit intégré dans un logiciel libre ou propriétaire. La version originale de la licence BSD incluait une clause de publicité particulièrement contraignante qui obligeait la mention du copyright dans toute publicité ou document fourni avec le logiciel, ce qui pouvait provoquer quelques problèmes en cas d'utilisation d'un grand nombre de composants sous cette licence. Texte de la licence[modifier | modifier le code] Copyright (c) 1998, Regents of the University of California All rights reserved. Différence par rapport au domaine public[modifier | modifier le code] La licence BSD est l'une des moins restrictives dans le monde informatique et s'approche de la notion de « domaine public ». Licence BSD Modifiée[modifier | modifier le code]

Jeff Bezos: The Smart People Change Their Minds Amazon.com Founder and CEO Jeff Bezos stopped by the 37signals office yesterday and offered some wise thoughts about strategy. His views are especially refreshing in a time when people who change their views often get portrayed as weak and lacking confidence. 37signals Founder Jason Fried shared what Bezos said in a blog post he published this morning. After talking for 90-minutes about product strategy, Bezos impressed Fried with his observations about people who are “right a lot.” The people who are right a lot often change their minds. The smart people constantly revise their understandings of a matter. Is he saying you should not have a well-formed point of view? The ones who are wrong — well, they too often get lost in the details that just support one point of view, Bezos said. Fried: If someone can’t climb out of the details, and see the bigger picture from multiple angles, they’re often wrong most of the time. Amen, brother.

Qu'est-ce que le copyleft ? [Traduit de l'anglais] Le copyleft est une méthode générale pour rendre libre un programme (ou toute autre œuvre) et obliger toutes les versions modifiées ou étendues de ce programme à être libres également. La manière la plus simple de faire d'un programme un logiciel libre est de le mettre dans le domaine public, sans copyright.1 Cela autorise les gens à le partager si le cœur leur en dit, avec leurs améliorations éventuelles. Mais cela autorise aussi des personnes indélicates à en faire un logiciel privateur.2 Elles peuvent très bien y effectuer des changements, nombreux ou non, et distribuer le résultat en tant que logiciel privateur. Ceux qui recevront le programme dans sa forme modifiée n'auront pas la liberté que l'auteur original leur avait donnée ; l'intermédiaire l'aura fait disparaître. Notre but, au projet GNU, est de donner à tous les utilisateurs la liberté de redistribuer et de modifier les logiciels GNU. Le copyleft est un moyen de se servir du copyright du programme.

8 Surefire Ways to Demotivate Your Employees Ever notice how a new employee’s enthusiasm eventually wears off? In 85% of companies, employees’ morale significantly drops off after their first six months on the job, according to a survey from Harvard Management Update. For the most part, enthusiasm is determined by work environment, and it can be fostered or hindered by you—the boss. Employee motivation experts say the best way to keep employee enthusiasm moving forward is to “first, do no harm.” Check out eight demotivators below. 1. Pointing out a worker’s mistake in front of others rarely yields a good response. 2. If employees feel like their hard work goes unnoticed, they’ll start to wonder why they’re working so hard in the first place. 3. Have you ever solicited ideas, asked what employees think about a policy, or asked your team to draft a proposal? 4. Once employees realize they won’t be able to get something done, they’ll think, “What’s the point? 5. Just because you hold the cards doesn’t mean you should hide them. 6. 7.

Le système d'exploitation GNU

Related: