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Human cycles: History as science

Human cycles: History as science
Sometimes, history really does seem to repeat itself. After the US Civil War, for example, a wave of urban violence fuelled by ethnic and class resentment swept across the country, peaking in about 1870. Internal strife spiked again in around 1920, when race riots, workers' strikes and a surge of anti-Communist feeling led many people to think that revolution was imminent. And in around 1970, unrest crested once more, with violent student demonstrations, political assassinations, riots and terrorism (see 'Cycles of violence'). To Peter Turchin, who studies population dynamics at the University of Connecticut in Storrs, the appearance of three peaks of political instability at roughly 50-year intervals is not a coincidence. For the past 15 years, Turchin has been taking the mathematical techniques that once allowed him to track predator–prey cycles in forest ecosystems, and applying them to human history. From ecology to history Endless cycles Global trends

The History and Geography of Inventions [Home Page][Other Page] [Search Inventions] [Before 10,000 BC][10,000 BC to 4000 BC][4000 BC to 3000 BC][3000 BC to 2000 BC][2000 BC to 1000 BC][1000 BC to 1 BC][1 AD to 1000 AD][1000 to 1500][1500 to 1700][1700 to 1800][1800 to 1850][1850 to 1900][1900 to 1950][Since 1950] [Inventions][Biographies][Religions of the World][Bible Contradictions][Rain][Countries of the World][Cookery][Music][Composers (Opera)] [Readers' Feedback (Religion)] [Language][Travel][Eclipses][London][Astronomy][Mathematics][Physics][Chemistry][Biology][Football][Television][Other] Sponsored Link History's Most influential people ranked by wiki reach This article was taken from the November 2012 issue of Wired magazine. Be the first to read Wired's articles in print before they're posted online, and get your hands on loads of additional content by subscribing online. This infographic reveals the world's most influential people, born before 1950, using data from all language editions of Wikipedia. Rankings are based on parameters such as the number of language editions in which that person has a page, and the number of people known to speak those languages (L/BN). Using this quantitative approach, Hidalgo is now testing hypotheses such as whether cultural development is structured or random. View the full-size image in our gallery

Rediscovering African Geographies The Catalan Atlas , 1375, by Abraham Cresques – detail showing Northern Africa, with a depiction of The King of Mali and Lord of Guinea, Mansa Musa, 1312-1337, seated on his throne in a stately fashion with crown, orb, and scepter, with the inscription: The richest and noblest King in the world. “This ‘atlas’ was the work of a family of Catalonian Jews who worked in Majorca at the end of the 14th century and was commissioned by Charles V of France at a time when the reputation of the Catalan chartmakers was at its peak. King Charles requested this map from Peter of Aragon, patron of the best Majorcan mapmaker of the time: Abraham Cresques. The ‘atlas’ that resulted has subsequently been called ‘the most complete picture of geographical knowledge as it stood in the later Middle Ages.’ The crowned black man holding a golden disk is identified as Musse Melly , ‘lord of the negroes of Guinea’ - in fact, Mansa Musa, of fabulous wealth. (excerpted from Henry Davis Consulting at Africa .

Retronaut - See history. Eshnunna Coordinates: 33°29′3″N 44°43′42″E / 33.48417°N 44.72833°E / 33.48417; 44.72833 Eshnunna (modern Tell Asmar in Diyala Province, Iraq) was an ancient Sumerian (and later Akkadian) city and city-state in central Mesopotamia. Although situated in the Diyala Valley north-east of Sumer proper, the city nonetheless belonged securely within the Sumerian cultural milieu. The tutelary deity of the city was Tishpak (Tišpak). History[edit] Occupied from the Jemdet Nasr period about 3000 BC, Eshnunna was a major city during the Early Dynastic period. After rising to prominence as an independent state in the early second millennium, during the time of Shamshi-Adad, Eshnunna was occupied by Elam, then conquered by Hammurabi of Babylon in the 38th year of his reign, and absorbed within the Old Babylonian Empire (sometimes called the First Babylonian Dynasty). Archaeology[edit] In the late 1990s, Iraqi archaeologists worked at Tell Asmar. Laws of Eshnunna[edit] Square Temple of Abu[edit] Notes[edit]

History Major The History Major is divided into a core program, six geographical concentrations, and a series of electives. You will be required to first complete the core program (HIST101 through HIST104), which is designed to provide you with a broad, comparative overview of world history and equip you with the tools you will need to conduct historical research and utilize primary sources for historical analysis. You will then take HIST201 through HIST212 as well as two additional 200-level courses with a non-western geographical concentration (Latin and South America, the Middle East and Southwest Asia, East Asia, or Sub-Saharan Africa). These specialized courses will familiarize you with specific historical events and trends within each of these geographical sub-fields. To fulfill the requirements for this major, you must complete the core program (4 courses), 6 geographical concentration courses (6 courses), and 3 300-level electives of your choice (3 courses) for a total of 13 courses.

Geschichtswissenschaft Die Geschichtswissenschaft ist die methodisch gesicherte Erforschung vergangenen menschlichen Handelns auf Basis kritisch geprüfter Überlieferung unter einer spezifischen Fragestellung. Definition und Aufgaben[Bearbeiten] Die Geschichtswissenschaft beschäftigt sich mit der Geschichte von Menschen und menschlichen Gemeinschaften, während die Naturgeschichte zu den einzelnen Naturwissenschaften gehört. In der Geschichtswissenschaft geht es weniger darum, das vorhandene Wissen über die Vergangenheit des Menschen nur zu wahren und zu verbreiten, sondern vor allem darum, es zu mehren. Erforschen, Interpretieren, Verknüpfen und Vertiefen stehen im Vordergrund der Arbeit von Historikern. mit einem bestimmten Erkenntnisinteresse, einer Fragestellung, an seinen Gegenstand heran,sammelt und sichtet dann die verfügbaren Quellen,interpretiert diese nach den methodischen Regeln des Fachesund stellt zuletzt seine Ergebnisse dar, um sie in der Öffentlichkeit zur Diskussion zu stellen.

A moving story: with afterword - Jocelyn Cohn and James Frey In 2012, workers at a small moving company in New York City rose up against bad pay and dangerous work conditions. In the course of the struggle, much was revealed about how exploitation operates; how the enticements of 'self-expression' and a 'laid back' atmosphere serve to weaken consciousness and collective action. At the same time, this history reveals the opportunities and limits that workers face within self-organized struggles in a small business format. In the Summer of 2012 the exploited workers at Rabbit Movers autonomously organized our shop and began the fight for control over the conditions of our lives. “They Just Run Us Into The Ground...” Our struggle was born in the cabs of box trucks all over the city. Work in our shop comes in a pattern of feast or famine. “My Mover Has Read Goethe!” We have all worked plenty of “shit jobs” before and came to this company with no illusions about the nature of precarious work in the present day. “My mover has read Goethe!”

1901 to World War II HIST 102: World History II - Download free content from Harrisburg Area Community College The Daily Beagle | The Daily Beagle is a set of articles and essays on obscure history, small conflicts and cultural issues. BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY The purity of humanity exists. It is there in the mountains, the ice fields, the jungle, along the rivers and in the valleys. Jimmy Nelson found the last tribesmen and observed them. He smiled and drank their mysterious brews before taking out his camera. He shared what real people share: vibrations, invisible but palpable. He adjusted his antenna to the same frequency as theirs. There is a pure beauty in their goals and family ties, their belief in gods and nature, and their will to do the right thing in order to be taken care of when their time comes. ‘’In 2009, I planned to become a guest of 31 secluded and visually unique tribes. Elegant and evocative portraits created with a 4x5 camera. THE BOOK - XXL LIMITED EDITION 500 exclusive and numbered copies of this XXL book, offered in a sumptuous clamshell box, showcased on a custom-made transparent book holder and containing three autographed art prints. Purchase›

ancient maps home page Down to: 6th to 15th Centuries | 16th and 19th Centuries | 1901 to World War Two | 1946 to 21st Century The Ancient World ... index of places Aegean Region, to 300 BCE Aegean Region, 185 BCE Africa, 2500 to 1500 BCE Africa to 500 CE African Language Families Alexander in the East (334 to 323 BCE) Ashoka, Empire of (269 to 232 BCE) Athenian Empire (431 BCE) China, Korea and Japan (1st to 5th century CE) China's Warring States (245 to 235 BCE) Cyrus II, Empire of (559 to 530 BCE) Delian League, 431 BCE Egyptian and Hittite Empires, 1279 BCE Europe Fertile Crescent, 9000-4500 BCE Germania (120 CE) Greece (600s to 400s BCE) Gupta Empire (320 to 550 CE) Han China, circa 100 BCE Hellespont (Battle of Granicus River, 334 BCE) India to 500 BCE Israel and Judah to 733 BCE Italy and Sicily (400 to 200 BCE) Judea, Galilee, Idumea (1st Century BCE) Mesopotamia to 2500 BCE Mesoamerica and the Maya (250 to 500 CE) Oceania Power divisions across Eurasia, 301 BCE Roman Empire, CE 12 Roman Empire, CE 150 Roman Empire, CE 500