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Case study

Case study
This article is about the method of doing research. For the teaching method, see Case method. For the method of teaching law, see Casebook method. For reports of clinical cases, see Case report. For the Case Study (1969) film series by Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, see propaganda film. In the social sciences and life sciences, a case study (or case report) is a descriptive, exploratory or explanatory analysis of a person, group or event. Thomas[3] offers the following definition of case study: "Case studies are analyses of persons, events, decisions, periods, projects, policies, institutions, or other systems that are studied holistically by one or more method. Another suggestion is that case study should be defined as a research strategy, an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within its real-life context. The case study is sometimes mistaken for the case method, but the two are not the same. Case selection and structure[edit] Three types of cases may thus be distinguished: Related:  Multicultural Education in LondonRESEARCH DESIGN

Introduction (essay) The introduction typically describes the scope of the document and gives the brief explanation or summary of the document. It may also explain certain elements that are important to the essay if explanations are not part of the main text. The readers can have an idea about the following text before they actually start reading it. Keeping the concept of the introduction the same, different documents have different styles to introduce the written text. For example, the introduction of a Functional Specification consists of information that the whole document is yet to explain. If a Userguide is written, the introduction is about the product. Qi284363.vp Research design A research design is the "blue print" of the study. The design of a study defines the study type (descriptive, correlational, semi-experimental, experimental, review, meta-analytic) and sub-type (e.g., descriptive-longitudinal case study), research question, hypotheses, independent and dependent variables, experimental design, and, if applicable, data collection methods and a statistical analysis plan. Research design is the framework that has been created to seek answers to research questions. Design types and sub-types[edit] There are many ways to classify research designs, but sometimes the distinction is artificial and other times different designs are combined. Sometimes a distinction is made between "fixed" and "flexible" or, synonymously, "quantitative" and "qualitative" research designs.[2] However, fixed designs need not be quantitative, and flexible design need not be qualitative. Grouping[edit] Confirmatory versus exploratory research[edit] Examples of fixed designs[edit]

Case selection and structure Data The word data is the traditional plural form of the now-archaic datum, neuter past participle of the Latin dare, "to give", hence "something given". In discussions of problems in geometry, mathematics, engineering, and so on, the terms givens and data are used interchangeably. This usage is the origin of data as a concept in computer science or data processing: data are accepted numbers, words, images, etc. Data is also increasingly used in humanities (particularly in the growing digital humanities) the highly interpretive nature whereof might oppose the ethos of data as "given". Usage in English[edit] Datum means "an item given". The IEEE Computer Society allows usage of data as either a mass noun or plural based on author preference.[8] Some professional organizations and style guides[9][dead link] require that authors treat data as a plural noun. Meaning of data, information and knowledge[edit] It is people and computers who collect data and impose patterns on it. See also[edit]

Business and Management Case Studies, Case Study Resources Case-control study Case-Control Study vs. Cohort on a Timeline A case-control study is a type of study design used widely, originally developed in epidemiology, although its use has also been advocated for the social sciences.[1][2] It is a type of observational study in which two existing groups differing in outcome are identified and compared on the basis of some supposed causal attribute. Definition[edit] The case-control is a type of epidemiological observational study. For example, in a study trying to show that people who smoke (the attribute) are more likely to be diagnosed with lung cancer (the outcome), the cases would be persons with lung cancer, the controls would be persons without lung cancer (not necessarily healthy), and some of each group would be smokers. The case-control study is frequently contrasted with cohort studies, wherein exposed and unexposed subjects are observed until they develop an outcome of interest.[4][5] Control group selection[edit] Strengths and weaknesses[edit]

Generalizing from case studies Multicultural education Multicultural education is a set of strategies and materials in U.S. education that were developed to assist teachers to respond to the many issues created by rapidly changing demographics of their students. It provides students knowledge about the histories, cultures, and contributions of diverse groups. Multicultural education assumes that the future of U.S. society is pluralistic. Today, teachers in most urban areas face students from a variety of social classes and cultural and language groups. Multicultural educators seek to substantially reform schools to give diverse students an equal chance in school, in the job market, and in contributing to building healthy communities.[1] One of the leaders in the field of multicultural education, describes five dimensions of multicultural education: (1) content integration, (2) the knowledge construction process, (3) prejudice reduction, (4) an equity pedagogy, and (5) an empowering school culture and social structure. Joe L. Assumptions:

Field experiment A field experiment applies the scientific method to experimentally examine an intervention in the real world (or as many experimentalists like to say, naturally occurring environments) rather than in the laboratory. Field experiments, like lab experiments, generally randomize subjects (or other sampling units) into treatment and control groups and compare outcomes between these groups. Field experiments are so named in order to draw a contrast with laboratory experiments, which enforce scientific control by testing a hypothesis in the artificial and highly controlled setting of a laboratory. Often used in the social sciences, and especially in economic analyses of education and health interventions, field experiments have the advantage that outcomes are observed in a natural setting rather than in a contrived laboratory environment. Examples include: History[edit] The use of experiments in the lab and the field have a long history in the physical, natural, and life sciences.

History of the case study Education in England The education system is divided into early years (ages 3–4), primary education (ages 4–11), secondary education (ages 11–18) and tertiary education (ages 18+). Higher education often begins with a three-year bachelor's degree. Postgraduate degrees include master's degrees, either taught or by research, and the doctorate, a research degree that usually takes at least three years. Universities require a Royal Charter in order to issue degrees, and all but one are financed by the state via tuition fees, which cost up to £9,000 per academic year for English, Welsh and EU students. History of English education[edit] Until 1870 all schools were charitable or private institutions, but in that year the Elementary Education Act 1870 permitted local governments to complement the existing elementary schools, to fill up any gaps. Education to the age of 18[edit] State-funded schools[edit] St Barnabas Church of England Primary School, Oxford Independent schools[edit] Higher education[edit] Fees[edit]

case studies seem pretty straight forward:
- pick a case
- gather data
- write your narrative by raviii Feb 28