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INTECH - JANV 2011 - Distribution Characteristics of Organochlorine Pesticides in Soil and Groundwater of Different Irrigation A

INTECH - JANV 2011 - Distribution Characteristics of Organochlorine Pesticides in Soil and Groundwater of Different Irrigation A
Edited by Margarita Stoytcheva, ISBN 978-953-307-532-7, 808 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published January 21, 2011 under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1004 This book provides an overview on a large variety of pesticide-related topics, organized in three sections. The first part is dedicated to the "safer" pesticides derived from natural materials, the design and the optimization of pesticides formulations, and the techniques for pesticides application. The second part is intended to demonstrate the agricultural products, environmental and biota pesticides contamination and the impacts of the pesticides presence on the ecosystems. The third part presents current investigations of the naturally occurring pesticides degradation phenomena, the environmental effects of the break down products, and different approaches to pesticides residues treatment. Related:  Pesticides et santé des végétaux en Chine

PUBARTICLES 19/09/11 Pesticide Export and Import Rise in July 2011 By ccminternational : A how to tutorial about pesticide, flurorine, glyphosate, [+]Business with step by step guide from ccminternational. [^] According to the statistic data from China National Bureau of Statistics (CNBS), China's pesticide output in July 2011 reached 214,530 tonnes, up 9.5% year on year. Total pesticide output of the seven largest pesticide production provinces in China reached 172,395 tonnes during this period, accounting for 80.36% of the total output in July 2011, according to CCM’s latest issue of Crop Protection China News. And the volume and value of export and import all witness increase respectively in July 2011. Export China, as a large pesticide production country in the world, greatly relies on pesticide foreign trade; its pesticide dependency degree of foreign trade reached 80%. In July 2011, China totally exported pesticide of 75,000 tonnes, up 50.9% year on year. CCM International Ltd. Related Answers & Tutorials

L ALSACE 23/12/11 Déchets de lindane à Hagenthal-le-Bas et Hagenthal-le-Haut : les mesures prises par le préfet du Haut-Rhin COMMUNIQUE DE PRESSE du Préfet du Haut-Rhin Premières mesures de précaution suite aux soupçons de présence de dépôts de déchets de lindane à Hagenthal le Bas et Hagenthal le Haut. "Les dépôts de lindane sont un problème bien connu dans le Sud du Haut-Rhin, qui a mobilisé les services de l'Etat depuis le début des années 90. Entre 1965 et 1970, des résidus de fabrication de lindane provenant de l’usine PCUK (produit chimique Ugine Kuhlmann) installée à Huningue, ont été déchargés en vrac ou en fûts dans plusieurs sites, essentiellement dans le Haut-Rhin. Si la grande majorité des déchets, dont les débris de destruction de l'usine PCUK, a abouti dans des sites dédiés, certains résidus de productions ont eu un autre cheminement. Ces dépôts sont situés dans la zones des Trois Frontières. Ainsi, il n'est pas exclu que des déchets de lindane aient pu être stockés dans les communes de Hagenthal le Bas et Hagenthal le Haut.

UNIVERSITAT TUBINGEN 15/08/13 How Pesticides Change the Environment - Tübingen researchers ask: do herbicides alter ecosystems a Uni A-Z Login Applications from International Students Information for International Students Welcome Center for International Researchers - iSiS The University of Tübingen Today President's Office Center of Islamic Theology University of Tübingen: Facts and Figures History of the University Environmental Guidelines Calendar of Events Annual Report 2011/2012 Innovative. University of Tuebingen Brochure News no news_id given Chlorpyrifos Chlorpyrifos (IUPAC name: O,O-diethyl O-3,5,6-trichloropyridin-2-yl phosphorothioate) is a crystalline organophosphate insecticide. It was introduced in 1965 by Dow Chemical Company and is known by many trade names (see table), including Dursban and Lorsban. It acts on the nervous system of insects by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase. Chlorpyrifos is moderately toxic to humans and chronic exposure has been linked to neurological effects, developmental disorders, and autoimmune disorders. Exposure during pregnancy retards the mental development of children, and most use in homes has been banned since 2001 in the U.S.[4] In agriculture, it remains "one of the most widely used organophosphate insecticides", according to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).[5] Manufacture and use[edit] Chlorpyrifos is produced via a multistep synthesis from 3-methylpyridine, eventually reacting 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol with diethylthiophosphoryl chloride.[1] History[edit] Exposure[edit]

BIOADDICT 21/03/12 Santé : la fertilité humaine menacée par les pesticides Une revue d'études scientifiques menée par l'Institut de Veille Sanitaire confirme l'augmentation des troubles de la fonction de reproduction masculine et féminine et la baisse de la fertilité humaine dont l'origine s'expliquerait par l'effet des perturbateurs endocriniens, contenus notamment dans les pesticides. info + Effets des perturbateurs endocriniens sur la reproduction humaine Selon l'AFSSET (Agence Française de sécurité sanitaire) les affections suivantes sont suspectées d'être la conséquence de l'exposition aux perturbateurs du système endocrinien contenus notamment dans les pesticides : Les substances reprotoxiques peuvent perturber le développement du système reproducteur au cours de la gestation et après la naissance. Cela fait bien longtemps que des chercheurs alertent sur les dangers potentiels multiples des pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, antifongiques) considérés comme des perturbateurs endocriniens . Alors qu'en est-il concernant la fertilité humaine ?

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question:E-007702/2011 Importation de miel en provenance de Chine D'après les dernières données disponibles pour l'année 2010, les importations de miel en provenance de Chine dans l'État espagnol ont atteint environ 11 000 tonnes. L'Espagne produit actuellement quelque 30 000 tonnes de miel par an, ce qui fait d'elle l'un des principaux producteurs européens. Les normes élevées en matière de sécurité alimentaire, de traçabilité, d'hygiène phytosanitaire et de pesticides auxquelles doivent se soumettre les producteurs européens de miel sont telles que le même produit y coûte plus cher que s'il était produit dans d'autres régions du monde, ce qui a d'importantes répercussions sur le secteur. En 2003 et 2004, la Commission européenne a dû fermer le marché européen à l'importation de miel chinois pour non-respect des directives 97/78/CE et 95/53/CE.

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-007158-14 Lindane pollution in the Gállego river (Aragon, Spain) The regional government in Aragon has told people in communities that take water from the Gállego river to stop drinking tap water because high levels of lindane have been found. This news comes from the communities affected, not from the Aragon government, which, after acknowledging the situation, has still not established where the pollution has come from. Local people have said that this is not the first time that bans have been introduced concerning the Gállego river basin without any public announcements being made. Between 1975 and 1989 a company called Inquinosa dumped up to 160 000 tonnes of toxic waste in Sabiñánigo. This dumping went unchecked. Does the Commission take the view that the authorities are acting with due transparency, managing the situation correctly, and complying with EU rules on water, pollution from pesticides and other toxic waste, and health protection?

WIKIPEDIA - Environmental impact of pesticides. Preparing to spray a hazardous pesticide Drainage of fertilizers and pesticides into a stream The impact of pesticides consists of the effects of pesticides on non-target species. Each pesticide or pesticide class comes with a specific set of environmental concerns. Agriculture and the environment[edit] The arrival of humans in an area, to live or to conduct agriculture, necessarily has environmental impacts. History[edit] While concern for ecotoxicology began with acute poisoning events in the late 19th century; public concern over the undesirable environmental effects of chemicals arose in the early 1960s with the publication of Rachel Carson′s book, Silent Spring. Data on pesticide usage remain scattered and/or not publicly available (3). Since 1990, research interest has shifted from documenting incidents and quantifying chemical exposure to studies aimed at linking laboratory, mesocosm and field experiments. Specific pesticide effects[edit] Air[edit] Water[edit] Soil[edit] Birds[edit]

E SCIENCE NEWS 19/03/10 Pesticide chlorpyrifos is linked to childhood developmental delays Exposure to the pesticide chlorpyrifos—which is banned for use in U.S. households but is still widely used throughout the agricultural industry—is associated with early childhood developmental delays, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Findings of the study, "Chlorpyrifos Exposure and Urban Residential Environment Characteristics as Determinants of Early Childhood Neurodevelopment," are online in the American Journal of Public Health. The study examined the association between exposure to the pesticide and mental and physical impairments in children in low-income areas of New York City neighborhoods in the South Bronx and Northern Manhattan. As in previous research in the same study population, published in Pediatrics in 2006, this study controlled for gender, gestational age at birth, ethnicity, maternal education, maternal intelligence quotient, and exposure to secondhand smoke during pregnancy.

FORUM PHYTO 22/02/12 Comment on transforme une étude scientifique en instrument de propagande… Pour notre-planete.info, s’appuyant sur un communiqué de Générations Futures (GF), pas de doute : « Les pesticides compromettent la fertilité masculine ». GF appuie son communiqué sur la parution du Bulletin épidémiologique hebdomadaire (BEH), lié à l’INVS (Institut National de Veille Sanitaire), pour qui « (la baisse de fertilité des couples) constitue un problème de santé non négligeable. » Notre-planete.info transforme, et déforme, systématiquement et savamment l’étude scientifique du BEH, légitime et méritant examen, en propagande inutilement anxiogène. BEH écrit « Les expositions professionnelles ».Notre-planete.info transforme en « les expositions » (alors que les expositions non professionnelles sont inférieures de plusieurs ordres de grandeur…) Voir plus bas pour une comparaison plus en détail des textes. Nota bene : A l’inverse, on peut saluer l’article du Journal de l’Environnement rendant compte de façon équilibrée du même BEH.sous le titre « La fertilité française en berne »

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2012 Oct;89(4):811-5. Residues of organochlorine pesticides in water and suspended particulate matt PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question P-005488-16 Current situation regarding lindane pollution in Spain As we have previously reported (in written questions P-007157/14 and E-008864/15), for at least 15 years the company Inquinosa was storing and unrestrictedly dumping waste from the production of lindane. Just like the heavily contaminated areas of Sabiñánigo (Huesca) ‐similar to the landfill site at Bailín‐ the reservoirs at Oiola (Vizcaya) and Borobia (Soria), the Gállego and Ebro river basins have been severely polluted by lindane. In response to complaints, on 15 March Parliament's Committee on Petitions undertook to support measures to remedy the situation. Could the Commission give details of requests for funding from the competent local and regional authorities, as well as the Spanish State, for lindane decontamination? Does the Commission believe this to be compatible with the Water Framework Directive, among other legislation, given that the new Ebro river basin management plan was also supposed to be submitted by 22 March 2016?

Toxicology Letters Volume 217, Issue 1, 13 February 2013, Chlorpyrifos and its metabolites alter gene expression at non-cytotoxi Abstract The effects of organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos (CPF) on development are currently under discussion. CPF and its metabolites, chlorpyrifos-oxon (CPO) and 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TClP), were more cytotoxic for D3 mouse embryonic stem cells than for differentiated fibroblasts 3T3 cells. Exposure to 10 μM CPF and TClP and 100 μM CPO for 12 h significantly altered the in vitro expression of biomarkers of differentiation in D3 cells. Highlights ► Chlorpyrifos and its metabolites alter gene expression in mouse embryonic stem cells. ► Chlorpyrifos and its metabolites alter gene expression at non-cytotoxic concentrations. ► Chlorpyrifos and its metabolites alter pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells. ► Chlorpyrifos and its metabolites alter differentiation of three embryonal lineages. ► Chlorpyrifos might alter differentiation without detectable maternal toxicity. Abbreviations Keywords Chlorpyrifos; Chlorpyrifos-oxon; Embryonic stem cell; Differentiation; Risk assessment

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