background preloader

INTECH - JANV 2011 - Distribution Characteristics of Organochlorine Pesticides in Soil and Groundwater of Different Irrigation A

INTECH - JANV 2011 - Distribution Characteristics of Organochlorine Pesticides in Soil and Groundwater of Different Irrigation A
Edited by Margarita Stoytcheva, ISBN 978-953-307-532-7, 808 pages, Publisher: InTech, Chapters published January 21, 2011 under CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 licenseDOI: 10.5772/1004 This book provides an overview on a large variety of pesticide-related topics, organized in three sections. The first part is dedicated to the "safer" pesticides derived from natural materials, the design and the optimization of pesticides formulations, and the techniques for pesticides application. The second part is intended to demonstrate the agricultural products, environmental and biota pesticides contamination and the impacts of the pesticides presence on the ecosystems. The third part presents current investigations of the naturally occurring pesticides degradation phenomena, the environmental effects of the break down products, and different approaches to pesticides residues treatment.

http://www.intechopen.com/books/pesticides-formulations-effects-fate

Related:  Pesticides et santé des végétaux en ChineRéférences anglophones

PUBARTICLES 19/09/11 Pesticide Export and Import Rise in July 2011 By ccminternational : A how to tutorial about pesticide, flurorine, glyphosate, [+]Business with step by step guide from ccminternational. [^] According to the statistic data from China National Bureau of Statistics (CNBS), China's pesticide output in July 2011 reached 214,530 tonnes, up 9.5% year on year. Total pesticide output of the seven largest pesticide production provinces in China reached 172,395 tonnes during this period, accounting for 80.36% of the total output in July 2011, according to CCM’s latest issue of Crop Protection China News. And the volume and value of export and import all witness increase respectively in July 2011. Export China, as a large pesticide production country in the world, greatly relies on pesticide foreign trade; its pesticide dependency degree of foreign trade reached 80%.

PEER 13/10/11 Pesticides pollute European waterbodies more than previously thought 13 October 2011, Water, UFZ Pesticides are a bigger problem than had long been assumed. This is the conclusion of a study in which scientists analysed data on 500 organic substances in the basins of four major European rivers. It was revealed that 38 per cent of these chemicals are present in concentrations which could potentially have an effect on organisms. River Elbe in Germany. The study focused on organic pollutants recorded in over 750,000 entries of water analyses in the basins of the Elbe (Czech Republic/Germany), the Danube (10 neighbouring European countries), the Schelde (Belgium) and the Llobregat (Spain) rivers.

E SCIENCE NEWS 19/03/10 Pesticide chlorpyrifos is linked to childhood developmental delays Exposure to the pesticide chlorpyrifos—which is banned for use in U.S. households but is still widely used throughout the agricultural industry—is associated with early childhood developmental delays, according to a study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Findings of the study, "Chlorpyrifos Exposure and Urban Residential Environment Characteristics as Determinants of Early Childhood Neurodevelopment," are online in the American Journal of Public Health. The study examined the association between exposure to the pesticide and mental and physical impairments in children in low-income areas of New York City neighborhoods in the South Bronx and Northern Manhattan. Chlorpyrifos was commonly used in these neighborhoods until it was banned for household use by the U.S.

On average, 4% of the tested food in 2007 exceeded the permitted maximum residue levels (MRL). In fruit and vegetables this value was almost 5%. This is the result of the newest report of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) about tests conducted in 29 EU and EFTA member states. The results are alarming. According to the EFSA report, 52 product/pesticide-combinations were observed, for which an acute health risk for consumers can not be excluded. Chemosphere Volume 87, Issue 4, April 2012 Biological monitoring of chlorpyrifos exposure to rice farmers in Vietnam Abstract Chlorpyrifos is the most common organophosphate insecticide registered for use in Vietnam and is widely used in agriculture, particularly rice farming. However, chlorpyrifos exposure to and adverse effects on farmers has not been evaluated. In this study, biological monitoring of chlorpyrifos exposure in a group of rice farmers was conducted after a typical application event using back-pack spraying. Urine samples (24 h) were collected from the rice farmers before and post insecticide application. Samples were analysed for 3,5,6-trichloropyridinol (TCP), the major urinary metabolite of chlorpyrifos, using an enzymatic pre-treatment before extraction followed by HPLC–MS/MS.

Environmental Pollution Volume 202, July 2015, Organochlorine pesticides accumulated by SPMD-based virtual organisms and feral fish in Three Gorges Reservoir, China a State Key Laboratory of Freshwater Ecology and Biotechnology, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, Chinab Helmholtz Zentrum München - German Research Center for Environmental Health (GmbH), Molecular EXposomics (MEX), Ingolstädter Landstr.1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germanyc Technische Universität München, Wissenschaftszentrum Weihenstephan für Ernährung, Landnutzung und Umwelt, Department für Biowissenschaften, Weihenstephaner Steig 23, 85350 Freising, Germany Received 5 February 2015, Revised 19 March 2015, Accepted 23 March 2015, Available online 30 March 2015 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.03.031

BRGM/RP-52897-FR - Pesticides in European groundwaters : detailed study of representative aquifers and simulation of possible ev Executive summary for EU citizens The transport of the pesticides from the soil surface to and in groundwater was monitored in six aquifers representative of European groundwater resources (2 in France, 1 in Germany, 1 in Switzerland, 1 in Denmark and 1 in the Netherlands). Results show that there is a potential for a rapid transport of pesticides to depth under specific conditions. The pattern of detection of pesticides in groundwater varied according to the compound and the aquifer considered. FARMERS GUARDIAN 31/01/13 Chlorpyrifos users take up the stewardship challenge A YEAR after it was launched, the ‘Say no to Drift’ campaign has made a significant impact on the way the insecticide chlorpyrifos is applied to a wide range of arable, vegetable and fruit crops in the UK. This verdict comes from Dow AgroSciences, Makhteshim Agan and Headland, which are all members of the campaign consortium. According to Dow’s James Knight, the initial response from growers to the campaign has been outstanding.

Food Control Volume 51, May 2015, Why some restricted pesticides are still chosen by some farmers in China? Empirical evidence from a survey of vegetable and apple growers a College of Economics and Management, Northwest Agriculture & Forestry University, Yangling, 712100, Shanxi, PR Chinab College of Science, Northwest Agriculture & Forestry University, Yangling, 712100, Shanxi, PR China Received 9 August 2014, Revised 2 December 2014, Accepted 3 December 2014, Available online 12 December 2014 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution The desire for less pesticide residues on crops and a reduction in the types of agro-chemicals available to farmers after recent EU legislation is being addressed by new research at SCRI. SCRI is one of the partners in the EU PURE project (Pesticide Use-and-risk Reduction in European farming systems with Integrated Pest Management) which will develop integrated pest and disease management techniques for major EU crops. Integrated pest and disease management (IPDM) is a holistic, systems-based approach, integrating several strategies to reduce weeds, insect pests and diseases while minimising the use of pesticide treatments. PURE is the biggest agricultural project funded by the EU under the Framework 7 programme with a total value of €12 million. As part of the project SCRI will receive £600,000 funding over four years that will create several new jobs.

J. Braz. Chem. Soc. vol.24 no.12 São Paulo Dec. 2013 Determination of chlorpyrifos and thiamethoxam in potato tuber (Solanum tub Determination of chlorpyrifos and thiamethoxam in potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum L.) and soil of Brazil using solid-liquid extraction with low temperature partitioning (SLE/LTP) Leila M. B. Food Research International Volume 72, June 2015 Pesticide residues determination in China vegetables in 2010–2013 applying gas chromatography with mass spectrometry a Xi'an Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Xi'an 710054, PR Chinab Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Xi'an Technological University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710032, PR Chinac Department of Radiation Medicine, Faculty of Preventive Medicine, The Fourth Military Medical University, 169 Changle West Road, Xi'an 710032, PR China Received 23 January 2015, Revised 23 March 2015, Accepted 24 March 2015, Available online 29 March 2015 Choose an option to locate/access this article: Check if you have access through your login credentials or your institution Check access

PARLEMENT EUROPEEN - Réponse à question E-001380-15 Application of rules establishing a framework for action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides The rules being enforced in Croatia in order to establish a framework for action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides contain provisions in line with Directive 2009/128/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 October 2009 establishing a framework for Community action to achieve the sustainable use of pesticides (OJ L 309, 24.11.2009, p. 71). Under those rules all legal and natural persons, regardless of the level and field of their formal and informal education and their work experience, are required to enrol for additional training in the sustainable use of pesticides for professional purposes. The training is paid for by course participants. The rules have been couched in such terms that even natural persons who would be qualified to give the abovementioned additional training would not be allowed to handle pesticides unless they had themselves taken a course.

Related: