The Renaissance: A Short History - Paul Johnson Renaissance art Renaissance art is the painting, sculpture and decorative arts of that period of European history known as the Renaissance, emerging as a distinct style in Italy in about 1400, in parallel with developments which occurred in philosophy, literature, music and science. Renaissance art, perceived as a royalty of ancient traditions, took as its foundation the art of Classical antiquity, but transformed that tradition by the absorption of recent developments in the art of Northern Europe and by application of contemporary scientific knowledge. Renaissance art, with Renaissance Humanist philosophy, spread throughout Europe, affecting both artists and their patrons with the development of new techniques and new artistic sensibilities. Renaissance art marks the transition of Europe from the medieval period to the Early modern age. In many parts of Europe, Early Renaissance art was created in parallel with Late Medieval art. History Proto-Renaissance in Italy, 1280–1400
Renaissance Project redo Enlightenment - Facts & Summary Centered on the dialogues and publications of the French “philosophes” (Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Buffon and Diderot), the High Enlightenment might best be summed up by one historian’s summary of Voltaire’s “Philosophical Dictionary”: “a chaos of clear ideas.” Foremost among these was the notion that everything in the universe could be rationally demystified and cataloged. The signature publication of the period was Diderot’s “Encyclopédie” (1751-77), which brought together leading authors to produce an ambitious compilation of human knowledge. It was an age of enlightened despots like Frederick the Great, who unified, rationalized and modernized Prussia in between brutal multi-year wars with Austria, and of enlightened would-be revolutionaries like Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson, whose “Declaration of Independence” (1776) framed the American Revolution in terms taken from of Locke’s essays.
The Kid Should See This. Christian reformation updates: What Was the Enlightenment? The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was a philosophical movement that took place primarily in Europe and, later, in North America, during the late 17thand early 18thcentury. Its participants thought they were illuminating human intellect and culture after the "dark" Middle Ages. Characteristics of the Enlightenment include the rise of concepts such as reason, liberty and the scientific method. Enlightenment philosophy was skeptical of religion — especially the powerful Catholic Church — monarchies and hereditary aristocracy. Historians disagree on precisely when the Enlightenment began, though most agree that the Enlightenment's origins are tied to the Scientific Revolution in the 1600s, according to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Major figures of the Enlightenment include Voltaire, John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Adam Smith, Immanuel Kant, Isaac Newton and Thomas Jefferson. [Related: What Is Democracy? Additional resources
7 Apps to Help Anyone Improve Their English Grammar In a world of spellcheck and texting abbreviations, few people want to take the time to learn about subjects, objects, and dangling modifiers. Besides, computers can fix our sentences for us. However, as anyone who’s suffered an autocorrect embarrassment knows, computers don’t always get it right. Language is a human tool and requires the insight of human minds. So what’s the best way to improve your grammar skills? You may cringe at the thought of those endless worksheets from elementary school. With these seven apps, you can practice your grammar on the go, whenever you have time. Practice English Grammar (iOS and Android, Free) This free app is a nominee for the 2014 Best Education App. The basic content is free and you can make in-app purchases (most of which are $0.99 each) to access additional features and lessons. Download: Practice English Grammar for iOS (Free) | Android (Free) Grammaropolis Complete (iOS, $12.99 and Android, $9.99) Grammar App (iOS, $0.99 and Android, Free)
Scientific Revolution update: The Enlightenment (1650–1800): Summary of Events Causes On the surface, the most apparent cause of the Enlightenment was the Thirty Years’ War. This horribly destructive war, which lasted from 1618 to 1648, compelled German writers to pen harsh criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare. These authors, such as Hugo Grotius and John Comenius, were some of the first Enlightenment minds to go against tradition and propose better solutions. At the same time, European thinkers’ interest in the tangible world developed into scientific study, while greater exploration of the world exposed Europe to other cultures and philosophies. Finally, centuries of mistreatment at the hands of monarchies and the church brought average citizens in Europe to a breaking point, and the most intelligent and vocal finally decided to speak out. Pre-Enlightenment Discoveries From these discoveries emerged a system for observing the world and making testable hypotheses based on those observations. The Enlightenment in England Romanticism Skepticism
Crochet School Sorry I've taken so long to post this very last post of the crochet school series. Would you believe me if I said I don't want it to end? haha That's not the real reason, although it is a little weird to be writing the last crochet school post (for now). I've just been busy designing new patterns and crocheting my butt off for the craft show I'm in next month, Deluxe. I was also waiting for all of you to have time to put in questions you want answered in this post. Let's cover those questions first: Carly asked "I think you mentioned that you can weave in ends with a hook. Hi carly, Since you're making a blanket, I would probably just try to find a bigger needle. Nia asked "I understand how to make the corners when seaming horizontally but what about vertically.. do we skip the corners and just seam the sides? Since you only do one corner from each side when seaming horizontally, you'll pick up those other two corners when you to the vertical stitches. Don't be afraid to ask for help!