Russian Revolution — History.com Articles, Video, Pictures and Facts The February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Julian calendar until February 1918) began on March 8, 1917 (or February 23 on the Julian calendar), when demonstrators clamoring for bread took to the streets in the Russian capital of Petrograd (now called St. Petersburg). Supported by huge crowds of striking industrial workers, the protesters clashed with police but refused to leave the streets. On March 10, the strike spread among all of Petrograd’s workers, and irate mobs destroyed police stations. Several factories elected deputies to the Petrograd Soviet, or council, of workers’ committees, following the model devised during the 1905 revolution. On March 11, the troops of the Petrograd army garrison were called out to quell the uprising. The imperial government was forced to resign, and the Duma formed a provisional government that peacefully vied with the Petrograd Soviet for control of the revolution.
George Orwell - Author, Journalist George Orwell was an English novelist, essayist, and critic most famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949). Synopsis Born Eric Arthur Blair in Motihari, Bengal, India, in 1903, George Orwell, novelist, essayist and critic, went on to become best known for his novels Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Early Life Born Eric Arthur Blair, George Orwell created some of the sharpest satirical fiction of the 20th century with such works as Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four. The son of a British civil servant, George Orwell spent his first days in India, where his father was stationed. According to one biography, Orwell's first word was "beastly." Like many other boys in England, Orwell was sent to boarding school. After completing his schooling at Eton, Orwell found himself at a dead end. Early Career After leaving the India Imperial Force, Orwell struggled to get his writing career off the ground. To support himself, Orwell took on all sorts of writing work.
Orwell photo George Orwell | British author George Orwell, pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair (born June 25, 1903, Motihari, Bengal, India—died January 21, 1950, London, England), English novelist, essayist, and critic famous for his novels Animal Farm (1945) and Nineteen Eighty-four (1949), the latter a profound anti-utopian novel that examines the dangers of totalitarian rule. Born Eric Arthur Blair, Orwell never entirely abandoned his original name, but his first book, Down and Out in Paris and London, appeared in 1933 as the work of George Orwell (the surname he derived from the beautiful River Orwell in East Anglia). In time his nom de plume became so closely attached to him that few people but relatives knew his real name was Blair. Early life He was born in Bengal, into the class of sahibs. Orwell won scholarships to two of England’s leading schools, Winchester and Eton, and chose the latter. Against imperialism From The Road to Wigan Pier to World War II Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-four George WoodcockEB Editors
1917: The Russian Revolution 100 GREAT STORIES reported, investigated, written, produced, filmed, edited, photographed, anchored, and/or tweeted by columbia journalists We compiled this collection by culling the school’s archives, researching the recipients of a wide array of journalism prizes, consulting with colleagues and scouring some of the best journalism ever produced. In fall 2011, we enlisted our faculty and a group of distinguished judges to vote for their favorites on the first installment of 50 Great Stories. These stories demonstrate the historic sweep of the work of Columbia journalists and their curiosity, courage, compassion, diversity, persistence and versatility. For a full list of acknowledgments, click here. * indicates story was selected by alumni, exclusively *8 1940: World War II Otto Tolischus ‘16 Otto Tolischus won a Pulitzer Prize for his New York Times reporting that chronicled Europe’s descent into World War II, including the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and Germany's invasion of Poland.
animalfarm-LitChart Author Bio Full Name: Eric Arthur Blair Pen Name: George Orwell Date of Birth: 1903 Place of Birth: Motihari, India Date of Death: 1950 Brief Life Story: Eric Blair was born and spent his youth in India. Key Facts Full Title: Animal Farm - A Fairy Story Genre: Novel / Fairy Tale / Allegory Setting: A farm somewhere in England in the first half of the 20th century Climax: The pigs appear standing upright and the sheep bleat "Four legs good, two legs better!" Antagonist: Napoleon Point of View: Third person omniscient Historical and Literary Context When Written: 1944-45 Where Written: England When Published: 1945 Literary Period: Modernism Related Literary Works: Orwell subtitled Animal Farm "A Fairy Story." Related Historical Events: In 1917, two successive revolutions rocked Russia and the world. Extra Credit Rejection. Outspoken Anti-Communist.
Animal Farm Themes Animal Farm is a satire of totalitarian governments in their many guises. But Orwell composed the book for a more specific purpose: to serve as a cautionary tale about Stalinism. It was for this reason that he faced such difficulty in getting the book published; by the time Animal Farm was ready to meet its readers, the Allies were cooperating with the Soviet Union. The allegorical characters of the novel represent specific historical figures and different factions of Imperial Russian and Soviet society. These include Karl Marx (Major), Vladimir Lenin (Major), Leon Trotsky (Snowball), Joseph Stalin (Napoleon), Adolf Hitler (Frederick), the Allies (Pilkington), the peasants (Boxer), the elite (Mollie), and the church (Moses). The resemblance of some of the novel’s events to events in Soviet history is indubitable. Despite his fairy-tale clarity in satirizing some historical events, Orwell is less specific about others. In Chapter IX, Orwell demonstrates the positive value of propaganda.
Orwell portrait Christopher Hitchens on George Orwell’s Political Mind At various points in his essays—notably in “Why I Write” but also in his popular column “As I Please”—George Orwell gave us an account of what made him tick, as it were, and of what supplied the motive for his work. At different times he instanced what he called his “power of facing unpleasant facts”; his love for the natural world, “growing things,” and the annual replenishment of the seasons; and his desire to forward the cause of democratic socialism and oppose the menace of Fascism. Other strong impulses include his near-visceral feeling for the English language and his urge to defend it from the constant encroachments of propaganda and euphemism, and his reverence for objective truth, which he feared was being driven out of the world by the deliberate distortion and even obliteration of recent history. The diaries are not by any means a “straight” guide, or a trove of clues and cross-references. From this period also dates some of Orwell’s best and most mordant egalitarianism.
BBC News | World | The road to revolution Friday, November 7, 1997 Published at 17:03 GMT World The road to revolution The revolution was a defining political moment The Road to Revolution The road to the Russian Revolution of 1917 was a long one. The Russian Intelligentsia, as this group of idealists became known, were particularly attracted to the ideas of the socialists, and later by the ideas of the German philosopher Karl Marx. Socialism originally seemed to offer a way out of the political and economic backwardness of a still largely feudal society. Many of the early Russian socialists wanted to avoid large-scale industry and envisioned an egalitarian society based around the village commune. But by the end of the 19th century, Russia was itself experiencing the dislocation of rapid industrial growth and the creation of a new working class. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Among those idealistic young Russians dreaming of Revolution was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, known to history as Lenin. Revolution looms The Bolsheviks seize power
History - Historic Figures: Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1924) George Orwell English author and journalist Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic, whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and outspoken support of democratic socialism. Life Early years Blair family home at Shiplake, Oxfordshire Eric Arthur Blair was born on 25 June 1903 in Motihari, Bihar, British India. His great-grandfather, Charles Blair, was a wealthy country gentleman in Dorset who married Lady Mary Fane, daughter of the Earl of Westmorland, and had income as an absentee landlord of plantations in Jamaica. His grandfather, Thomas Richard Arthur Blair, was a clergyman. Although the gentility passed down the generations, the prosperity did not; Eric Blair described his family as "lower-upper-middle class". In 1904 Ida Blair settled with her children at Henley-on-Thames in Oxfordshire. Policing in Burma Statue