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Programing the Global Brain

Related:  MIT Center for Collective Intelligence

The Collective Intelligence Genome References (6) 1. T.W. Malone, “The Future of Work” (Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2004); J. Howe, “Crowdsourcing” (New York: Crown Business, 2008); J. Surowiecki, “The Wisdom of Crowds” (New York: Doubleday, 2004); Y. 2. 3. 4. i. ii. Show All References Acknowledgments Funding for this work was provided by the MIT Center for Collective intelligence, including special support for this project by BT Group plc. Collective Intelligence Thursday, Oct. 4, 2007 5 - 7 p.m. Bartos Theater Abstract A conversation about the theory and practice of collective intelligence, with emphasis on Wikipedia, other instances of aggregated intellectual work and on recent innovative applications in business. Speakers Karim R. Thomas W. Alex (Sandy) Pentland is the Toshiba Professor of Media Arts and Sciences at MIT where he directs the Media Lab's Human Dynamics research program. Summary By Greg Peverill-Conti [this is an edited summary, not a verbatim transcript] David Thorburn introduced the evening’s panel, explaining that the idea of collective intelligence has been a topic that the Communications Forum has covered in the past. He asked panelist Thomas Malone to provide a definition and overview of collective intelligence. Malone said the Communications Forum is an example of collective intelligence, in that it seeks to take advantage of the intelligence of the audience. Wikipedia is also an example of collective intelligence. Discussion

Decisions 2.0: The Power of Collective Intelligence Information markets, wikis and other applications that tap into the collective intelligence of groups have recently generated tremendous interest. But what”s the reality behind the hype? Image courtesy of “American Idol.” The human brain is a magnificent instrument that has evolved over thousands of years to enable us to prosper in an impressive range of conditions. The good news is that, thanks to the Internet and other information technologies, we now have access to more data — sometimes much more data — about customers, employees and other stakeholders so that, in principle, we can gain a more accurate and intimate understanding of our environment. To be sure, companies have long used teams to solve problems, focus groups to explore customer needs, consumer surveys to understand the market and annual meetings to listen to shareholders.

"Collective Intelligence 2012": Prof. Tom Malone on how new technologies are changing the ways people and computers work together | MIT Sloan Experts Collective intelligence, in some form, has been around at least as long as humans have. Families, armies, countries, and companies have all—at least sometimes—acted collectively in ways that seem intelligent. But in the last few years, a new kind of collective intelligence has begun to emerge: groups of people and computers, connected by the Internet, collectively doing intelligent things. These examples of Internet-enabled collective intelligence are not the end of the story but just the beginning. The organizing committee spent some time debating the scope of the conference, and we ended up defining it as behavior that is both collective and intelligent. Collective intelligence (CI) is an emerging interdisciplinary field that overlaps with many other disciplines, including computer science, management, network science, economics, social psychology, sociology, political science, and biology (e.g., social insects). Read more about the conference in the Boston Globe and Boston Herald

Peter Gloor, Research Scientist, MIT 03-19-09 Interview Transcription Copyright 2010 Betsey Merkel and I-Open. Creative Commons 3.0Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works. Institute for Open EconomicNetworks (I-Open) 4415 Euclid Ave 3rd Fl Cleveland, Ohio 44103 USA about being all members of a swarm and these COINS – theseCollaborative Innovation Networks – for me, they are the mainbuilding blocks of those self-organizing groups of people that I call theswarms. Swarm Creativity is...working together & being part of one world [00:04:06] I will go on a little bit about the aspect of what creativeswarms can do and what we are, how we are putting it to productiveuse and one thing that the swarms do is they express themselves inblogs and on landforms and so on, and if we look at what they say weassume they “put their money where their mouth is” or to phrase itdifferently “they will do tomorrow what they say today “ or to phrase it

Collective Intelligence It's also possible for groups of people to work together in ways that seem pretty stupid, and I think collective stupidity is just as possible as collective intelligence. Part of what I want to understand and part of what the people I'm working with want to understand is what are the conditions that lead to collective intelligence rather than collective stupidity. But in whatever form, either intelligence or stupidity, this collective behavior has existed for a long time. What's new, though, is a new kind of collective intelligence enabled by the Internet. Think of Google, for instance, where millions of people all over the world create web pages, and link those web pages to each other. Or think of Wikipedia, where thousands of people all over the world have collectively created a very large and amazingly high quality intellectual product with almost no centralized control. We do take the question seriously, and we are doing a bunch of things related to that question.

A taxonomy of collective intelligence - Handbook of Collective Intelligence From Handbook of Collective Intelligence One effort to create a taxonomy of collective intelligence is underway in the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence as part of the Handbook for Collective Intelligence project. So far, this project has included three “generations” of taxonomies. The first generation of this taxonomy was simply the list of examples in the previous sections of this handbook. The second generation was represented in a separate wiki called the Handbook of Organizational Design. The current version of the third generation is summarized in a set of slides presented at the Highlands Collective Intelligence Forum, Carmel Valley, CA, July 23, 2008. We expect to incorporate the third generation (and any subsequent generations) in this Handbook. Comments and suggestions (especially suggestions of new examples to include) are welcome and can be added to this page or to the discussion page associated with the "discussion" tab above. From Wikipedia

MIT Unravels the Secrets Behind Collective Intelligence – Hint: IQ Not So Important What makes a group able to succeed at large number of different tasks? Women, sharing, and sensitivity. When it comes to a successful group, the easiest way to ensure victory may be placing women on the team. MIT’s Center for Collective Intelligence seeks to understand how humans get better (or worse) at solving problems as they work together. They studied hundreds of people working in small groups and found that they could determine a “C factor”, a key statistic that would predict if a group could perform well in a variety of tasks. C factor was more important in determining group success than the individual IQs of the people in the group. MIT’s research into measuring collective intelligence was lead by their own Thomas Malone in partnership with Carnegie Mellon’s Anita Woolley. Woolley explains this, and many other parts of their collective intelligence research, in the following video: It turns out that a group is more than the sum of its IQs.

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