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Open design

Open design
RepRap general-purpose 3D printer that not only could be used to make structures and functional components for open-design projects but is an open-source project itself. Uzebox is an open-design video game console.[1] Zoybar open source guitar kit With 3-D printed body[4] Open design is the development of physical products, machines and systems through use of publicly shared design information. Open design involves the making of both free and open-source software (FOSS) as well as open-source hardware. History[edit] Sources of the open-design movement[edit] Sharing of manufacturing information can be traced back to the 18th and 19th century.[6][7] Aggressive patenting put an end to that period of extensive knowledge sharing.[8] More recently, principles of open design have been related to the free software and open source movements.[9] In 1997 Eric S. The idea of open design was taken up, either simultaneously or subsequently, by several other groups and individuals. See also[edit] Related:  nākotnes perspektīvasExtension au "monde réel"

RepRap Project RepRap version 1.0 (Darwin) RepRap version 2.0 (Mendel) First part ever made by a Reprap to make a Reprap, fabricated by the Zaphod prototype, by Vik Olliver (2006/09/13) The RepRap project is a British initiative to develop a 3D printer that can print most of its own components.[1] RepRap (short for replicating rapid prototyper) uses an additive manufacturing technique called Fused filament fabrication (FFF) to lay down material in layers; a plastic filament or metal wire is unwound from a coil and supplies material to produce a part. The project calls it Fused Filament Fabrication (FFF) to avoid trademark issues around the "fused deposition modeling" term. As an open design, all of the designs produced by the project are released under a free software license, the GNU General Public License.[2] History[edit] All of the plastic parts for the machine on the right were produced by the machine on the left. Video of RepRap printing an object RepRap 0.1 building an object 23 March 2005 Summer 2005

Open Design Now | Why design cannot remain exclusive Open-source hardware Open source hardware consists of physical artifacts of technology designed and offered by the open design movement. Both free and open source software (FOSS) as well as open source hardware is created by this open source culture movement and applies a like concept to a variety of components. The term usually means that information about the hardware is easily discerned. Hardware design (i.e. mechanical drawings, schematics, bills of material, PCB layout data, HDL source code and integrated circuit layout data), in addition to the software that drives the hardware, are all released with the FOSS approach. Since the rise of reconfigurable programmable logic devices, sharing of logic designs has been a form of open source hardware. Licenses[edit] The RepRap general-purpose 3D printer with the ability to make copies of most of its own structural parts Rather than creating a new license, some open source hardware projects simply use existing, free and open source software licenses.[1]

Fab lab A fab lab (fabrication laboratory) is a small-scale workshop offering (personal) digital fabrication.[1][2] A fab lab is generally equipped with an array of flexible computer controlled tools that cover several different length scales and various materials, with the aim to make "almost anything".[3] This includes technology-enabled products generally perceived as limited to mass production. While fab labs have yet to compete with mass production and its associated economies of scale in fabricating widely distributed products, they have already shown the potential to empower individuals to create smart devices for themselves. These devices can be tailored to local or personal needs in ways that are not practical or economical using mass production. History[edit] Popular equipment and projects[edit] Flexible manufacturing equipment within a fab lab can include: FabFi[edit] List of labs[edit] MIT maintains a listing of all official Fab Labs, worldwide. See also[edit] References[edit]

– The Emergence of Open Design and Open Manufacturing Michel Bauwens Readers of this magazine will be familiar with the emergence and proliferation of a new form of value creation, peer production (as first defined by Yochai Benkler), in which communities of volunteers (but also in fact mostly paid creators and programmers once a project is successfull) create (open) content or (free) software, that is usable and accessible by everybody. Typical for peer production is that the producers create products (with both concepts being essentially misleading in this case!) in such a form that they form a commons which can be used and modified by others, who return it improved to the same common pool. The Emergence Of The Internet As Enabling Peer Production Before the advent of the internet as a tool that can now be used by at least one billion humans, there were already three ways to conceive of production. The Distribution of Open Manufacturing Manufacturing is indeed subject to the same process of miniaturization that computers once were.

Matériel libre Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Le matériel libre (en anglais open hardware ou hackable device) désigne les technologies et produits physiques développés selon les principes de l'open source. Le Matériel OpenSource est un terme qui regroupe des artéfacts tangibles — machines, dispositifs ou toutes choses physiques — dont les plans ont été rendus publics, de façon que quiconque puisse les fabriquer, modifier, distribuer et les utiliser. Une définition commune du Matériel OpenSource (OSHW - OpenSource Hardware) existe et fut créée par différents acteurs[1]. Ceci permet de définir le matériel open source, et d'en conclure les licences qui sont compatibles avec celle-ci. À l’inverse de ce concept de matériel libre, Richard Stallman a souligné que le BIOS est souvent bloqué pour n’être utilisé que par des ordinateurs sous Windows en France : il conviendrait alors de parler de « matériel privateur » qui limite la liberté de son utilisateur[2]. Économie[modifier | modifier le code]

CHANCE FOR A BETTER LIFE: New Zealand in demand of 50,000 workers | Live Travel Enjoy In New Zealand, which is in full economic upswing and whose people show affection towards immigration to get to know new places, is in need of foreign workers. One of the participants in the upcoming Fair Employment in Sydney is New Zealand, it will present 1,200 vacancies, Belgian media reported. This country, with one of the highest living standards in the world, will need in the next two years at least 50,000 foreign workers. IT specialists, construction workers, engineers, and health workers are most scarce. The biggest advantage of this distant country is its quality of life.

Fab lab Un fab lab (contraction de l'anglais fabrication laboratory, « laboratoire de fabrication ») est un tiers-lieu de type makerspace[1] cadré par le Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) et la FabFoundation[2] en proposant un inventaire minimal[3] permettant la création des principaux projets fab labs, un ensemble de logiciels et solutions libres et open-sources, les Fab Modules[4], et une charte de gouvernance, la Fab Charter[5]. Pour être identifié en tant que fab lab par la FabFoundation, il faut passer par plusieurs étapes[6] et il est possible de suivre une formation à la Fab Academy[7]. Les fab labs sont réunis en un réseau mondial très actif, d'après son initiateur Neil Gershenfeld[8]. Historique[modifier | modifier le code] Neil Gershenfeld a commencé en explorant comment le contenu de l'information renvoie à sa représentation physique, et comment une communauté peut être rendue plus créative et productive si elle a - au niveau local - accès à une technologie.

Centerpieces --- sculpture by George W. Hart For a Museum of Mathematics fundraiser dinner, I created a series of mathematical table centerpieces. These are each eight inches in diameter and built on the hi-def color ZPrinter model 650 from 3DSystems. They vary in color and style, expressing different mathematical ideas in sculptural form. Some, like the above, convey an organic sensibility, while others are more geometric. This one has flower-like elements and stem-like arches on the interior within an overall organization based on the snub dodecahedron. Here is a more geometric form, with nested copies of an arch-based structure. This is another one with a biological flavor. For those who prefer classic geometric designs, here is is one of my favorites, the compound of five regular tetrahedra. Here again are five regular tetrahedra in five colors, but now they float in the interior space without directly touching. These sensuous forms convey a delicate warmth on the interior and a starfish-like icosahedral outside.

Hacklab Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Un hackerspace, hacklab ou media hacklab est un lieu où des gens avec un intérêt commun (souvent autour de l'informatique, de la technologie, des sciences, des arts...) peuvent se rencontrer et collaborer. Les Hackerspaces peuvent être vus comme des laboratoires communautaires ouverts où des gens (les hackers) peuvent partager ressources et savoir[1]. Beaucoup de hackerspaces utilisent et participent à des projets autour du logiciels libres, du hardware libre, ou des médias alternatifs. Ils sont souvent physiquement installés dans des maisons des associations ou des universités, mais dès que le nombre d'adhérents et l'éventail des activités augmente ils déménagent généralement dans des espaces industriels ou d'anciens entrepôts. Fonctions[modifier | modifier le code] Les activités qui prennent place dans un hackerpace peuvent être très variables selon l'endroit. Organisation[modifier | modifier le code] Critiques[modifier | modifier le code]

Category:Ecovillages Problems donating? | Other ways to give | Frequently asked questions | By donating, you are agreeing to our donor privacy policy. The Wikimedia Foundation is a nonprofit, tax-exempt organization.By donating, you are agreeing to our donor privacy policy and to sharing your information with the Wikimedia Foundation and its service providers in the U.S. and elsewhere. If we all gave $3, the fundraiser would be over in an hour. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The main article for this category is Ecovillage. Subcategories This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. Pages in category "Ecovillages" The following 42 pages are in this category, out of 42 total. Qu'est-ce qu'un TechShop ? Les TechShops, sont de grands espaces (1500 m²) dont le principe fondateur est de rendre accessible et à bas coût tout un ensemble de machines, d’outils et d’équipements dédiés à la fabrication personnelle. Ils s’adressent aux inventeurs, aux bricoleurs, aux entrepreneurs, aux artistes, aux designers, etc. qui ne disposent pas d’ateliers de fabrication, de matériels, voire des compétences nécessaires pour réaliser leurs projets. Parmi les machines disponibles dans un TechShop on retrouve : des fraiseuses et des tours, des stations de soudage, de la tôle métallique et des matériaux de base, des perceuses à ruban, des machines à coudre industrielles, des machines à commande numérique pour traiter le bois et le plastique, une découpe laser, des machines pour plier les métaux, des imprimantes 3D, diverses fournitures, etc. Le premier TechShop a été ouvert en 2006 sous l’impulsion de Jim Newton à Menlo Park Californie. Jim Newton était professeur de robotique à En savoir plus sur les TechShops