When discussing social groups, a group is said to be in a state of cohesion when its members possess bonds linking them to one another and to the group as a whole. Although cohesion is a multi-faceted process, it can be broken down into four main components: social relations, task relations, perceived unity, and emotions. Members of strongly cohesive groups are more inclined to participate readily and to stay with the group. Definition There are different ways to define group cohesion, depending on how researchers conceptualize this concept. However, most researchers define cohesion to be task commitment and interpersonal attraction to the group. Causes The bonds that link group members to one another and to their group as a whole are not believed to develop spontaneously. Attraction, task commitment and group pride are also said to cause group cohesion. Attraction Group pride Task commitment Factors Similarity of group members Beal, D.
• social structure theories