Société coopérative et participative Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Une société coopérative et participative (Scop ; jusqu'en 2010, société coopérative ouvrière de production) est, en droit français, une société commerciale, société anonyme ou société à responsabilité limitée. Soumise à l’impératif de rentabilité comme toute entreprise, elle bénéficie d’une gouvernance démocratique et d’une répartition des résultats favorisant la pérennité des emplois et du projet d’entreprise. Ses salariés-coopérateurs y sont en effet associés (ou « coentrepreneurs ») majoritaires et détiennent au moins 51 % du capital et 65 % des droits de vote. Par ailleurs, quelle que soit la quantité du capital détenu, chaque coopérateur ne dispose que d'une seule voix lors de l'assemblée générale de l'entreprise. Aspects juridiques[modifier | modifier le code] La Scop est une entreprise collective dont les associés sont majoritairement salariés. La Scop est une entreprise commerciale, SA ou SARL à capital variable.
Workers' self-management Self-management or workers' self-management (also referred to as labor management, autogestión, workers' control, industrial democracy and producer cooperatives) is a form of management that involves management of an organization by its workers. Self-management is a characteristic of many models of socialism, with proposals for self-management having appeared many times throughout the history of the socialist movement, advocated variously by market socialists, communists and anarchists. There are many variations of self-management. In some variations, all the worker-members manage the enterprise directly through assemblies; in other forms, workers manage indirectly through the appointment of managers through election. Economic theory An economic system consisting of self-managed enterprises is sometimes referred to as a participatory economy, self-managed economy or cooperative economy. Classical economics Management science Political movements Europe
Employee stock ownership plan ESOPs in the UK ESOPs became widespread for a short period in the UK under the government of Margaret Thatcher, and particularly following the Transport Act 1985, which deregulated and then privatised the bus services. Councils seeking to protect workers ensured that employees accessed shares as privatisation took place, however employee owners soon lost their shares as they were bought up and bus companies were taken over. The disappearance of stock plans was dramatic. The John Lewis Partnership has been cited as an example of an employee share ownership. However, unlike some other employee ownership arrangements, partners in John Lewis have no proprietary right to their stake, and cannot buy or sell their rights, nor collective dissolve the entity. On 3 December 2012, the Government published its response to the consultation. In April 2013, the Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Bill was passed and received Royal Assent. ESOPs in the United States
Déclaration sur l'identité coopérative Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. La déclaration sur l'identité coopérative a été formulée par l’Alliance coopérative internationale en 1895 soit 51 ans après les principes de Rochdale. En 1995, lors de l'Assemblée Générale du Centenaire de l’Alliance coopérative internationale à Manchester, une nouvelle déclaration sur l’identité coopérative a été définie et la révision des principes coopératifs a été adoptée. La déclaration a donné lieu à la Recommandation 193 (du 03/06/2002) de l'OIT sur la promotion des coopératives, par laquelle l'OIT invite organisations patronales, syndicales et États à s’impliquer dans leurs champs de compétences pour encourager la structuration coopérative. Après avoir défini les coopératives et leurs valeurs, la déclaration énonce les sept principes de la coopération : Les sept principes coopératifs[modifier | modifier le code] Adhésion volontaire et ouverte à tous. Lien externe[modifier | modifier le code]
Guild socialism Guild socialism is a political movement advocating workers' control of industry through the medium of trade-related guilds "in an implied contractual relationship with the public". It originated in the United Kingdom and was at its most influential in the first quarter of the 20th century. It was strongly associated with G. D. H. Cole and influenced by the ideas of William Morris. History and development Guild socialism was partly inspired by the guilds of craftsmen and other skilled workers which had existed in England during the Middle Ages. In 1914, S. The guild socialists "stood for state ownership of industry, combined with ‘workers’ control’ through delegation of authority to national guilds organized internally on democratic lines. Ernst Wigforss—a leading theorist of the Social Democratic Party of Sweden—was also inspired by and stood ideologically close to the ideas of Fabian Society and the guild socialism inspired by people like R. See also  G.
List of employee-owned companies List of employee-owned companies From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. This is a list of notable employee-owned companies. "Notable" is defined as having an article in Wikipedia, or obviously qualifying for one according to WP:CORP. External links Retrieved from " Categories: Hidden categories: Navigation menu Personal tools Namespaces Variants Views Actions Navigation Interaction Tools Print/export Languages Edit links This page was last modified on 17 April 2014 at 17:52.
Cooperative In short, a coop can be defined as "a jointly owned enterprise engaging in the production or distribution of goods or the supplying of services, operated by its members for their mutual benefit, typically organized by consumers or farmers." Cooperative businesses are typically more economically resilient than many other forms of enterprise, with twice the number of co-operatives (80%) surviving their first five years compared with other business ownership models (41%). Cooperatives frequently have social goals which they aim to accomplish by investing a proportion of trading profits back into their communities. The International Co-operative Alliance was the first international association formed by the cooperative movement. Since 2002 cooperatives and credit unions could be distinguished on the Internet by use of a .coop domain. Origins Cooperation dates back as far as human beings have been organizing for mutual benefit. Social economy Meaning Identity
Can co-operatives crowd out capitalism? -- New Internationalist In the eyes of the mainstream media and the high priests of the free market, Argentina just doesn’t get it. This past May, the country was savaged by the international business press for nationalizing the Spanish-owned oil company, YPF. Scarcely mentioned was the fact that Argentina’s oil and gas industry was only ‘privatized’ in the late-1990s under pressure from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other hardline enforcers of then fashionable neoliberal economic policies. Like many countries around the world, Argentina’s oil industry used to be state-owned. Back in 2001, the knives were out again. After years of enforced austerity and ‘structural adjustment’ the resource-rich South American country was awash in debt, crippling inflation, staggering unemployment and negative economic growth. Skilled and in control: an Argentine co-op member thins dough for tarts at a recovered bread factory in Buenos Aires. It didn’t happen. It was by no means an easy road. Radical thinkers
Mondragon Corporation Mondragon cooperatives operate in accordance with Statement on the Co-operative Identity maintained by the International Co-operative Alliance. History The determining factor in the creation of the Mondragon system was the arrival in 1941 of a young Catholic priest José María Arizmendiarrieta in Mondragón, a town with a population of 7,000 that had not yet recovered from the Spanish Civil War: poverty, hunger, exile and tension. In 1943, Arizmendiarrieta established a technical college that became a training ground for generations of managers, engineers and skilled labour for local companies, and primarily for the co-operatives. Before creating the first co-operative, Arizmendiarrieta spent a number of years educating young people about a form of humanism based on solidarity and participation, in harmony with Catholic Social Teaching, and the importance of acquiring the necessary technical knowledge. The first 15 years were characterised by enormous dynamism. Finance
Yes, There Is an Alternative to Capitalism: Mondragon Shows the Way There is no alternative ("Tina") to capitalism? Dani Martinez, innovation director at Orbea bicycles, part of Mondragon Co-operative Corporation, in Mallabia, 2011. (Photograph: Vincent West/Westphoto for the Guardian) Really? We are to believe, with Margaret Thatcher, that an economic system with endlessly repeated cycles, costly bailouts for financiers and now austerity for most people is the best human beings can do? I understand why such a system's leaders would like us to believe in Tina. Of course, alternatives exist; they always do. Modern societies have mostly chosen a capitalist organization of production. Capitalism thus entails and reproduces a highly undemocratic organization of production inside enterprises. In May 2012, I had occasion to visit the city of Arrasate-Mondragon, in the Basque region of Spain. MC is composed of many co-operative enterprises grouped into four areas: industry, finance, retail and knowledge. © 2012 Guardian News and Media Limited
"Unsourcing" - does free labour ultimately require free goods too? Crowdsourcing has been discovered by the corporate sector, The Economist tells us, as a great way to turn consumers into free labour. "Unsourcing", is the McKinsey-speak for the method pioneered by Wikipedia (and adopted by openDemocracy). But what are the system-wide implications of this move? Where will income to buy products come from once products are made by free labour? A bandwagon too far for the management consultants? Or the opportunity to think about the transformative politics necessary to sustain that world? A recent ‘Babbage’ column in The Economist writes about the phenomenon of ‘unsourcing’. “Some of the biggest brands in software, consumer electronics and telecoms have now found a workforce offering expert advice at a fraction of the price of even the cheapest developing nation...it is their customers themselves...." On the employment of crowdsourcing in the interests of profit, Christian Marazzi writes, He adds, “...the increase in profits over the last 30 years...
Evergreen Cooperatives The Evergreen Cooperatives are a connected group of worker-owned cooperatives in Cleveland, Ohio. They are committed to local, worker-owned job creation; sustainable, green and democratic workplaces; and community economic development. Overview Background Much of the idea of worker control came in 1977 Youngstown, Ohio when the Youngstown Sheet and Tube company abruptly closed and laid off 5,000 workers. In an effort to stop the layoffs, the workers and city attempted to buy a steel mill and control it themselves. Worker-Owned Cooperatives Evergreen Cooperative Laundry Evergreen Cooperative Laundry (ECL) is an industrial laundry serving local hospitals, hotels, and other institutions. It saves 35% of energy by warming up the clean water with heat from the used water.It eliminates hazardous waste by using EPA-approved chemicals. Employees are paid $8 an hour first six months, while they are on a trial period. Ohio Cooperative Solar References
Should I Work for Free?