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About Archaeology - The Study of Human History

About Archaeology - The Study of Human History
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"Chilling" Child Sacrifices Found at Prehistoric Site The skeletons of dozens of children killed as part of a ritual bloodletting sacrifice a thousand years ago have been discovered in northern Peru, a new study says. The remains are the earliest evidence of ritualized blood sacrifice and mutilation of children that has so far been seen in the South American Andes, according to study leader Haagen Klaus. Seeds of a paralytic and hallucinogenic plant called Nectandra, which also prevents blood clotting, were found with the skeletons, suggesting the children were drugged before their throats were slit and their chests cut open. During the sacrifices, sharp bronze knives were used to hack the children to death. One skeleton had more than 25 cut marks on it. "It is so beyond what is necessary to kill a person. "But we are trying to understand this on their terms, not ours." Sacrifice Children Not Considered Human? It's unclear why their chests were cut open, but it may have been to cut out their hearts, Klaus said. Maggots Part of Reverent Burial

Home | The Archaeology Channel - The Archaeology Channel Dinosaurs - Types, Behavior and Evolution of Dinosaurs The fight for the right to vote in the United States - Nicki Beaman Griffin Since 1845, Americans have been voting on Tuesdays -- but why? In this humorous talk, Jacob Soboroff shares the history of Election Day and shows how voting on a Tuesday affects voter turnout.You vote, but then what? Discover how your individual vote contributes to the popular vote and your state’s electoral vote in different ways--and see how votes are counted on both state and national levels.Nate Silver has data that answers big questions about race in politics. Terracotta army emerges in its true colors By Ma Lie (China Daily) Updated: 2010-09-09 09:30 China-Germany alliance has helped keep the glow on warriors' cheeks. Ma Lie reports from Xi'an. The earth in the ancient city of Xi'an continues to astound archaeologists. When excavation work to find more terracotta relics restarted for the third time last year in Xi'an, archaeologists admitted they did not expect to make any groundbreaking discoveries. Researchers suggested that the No 1 pit, the largest of the three that surround the tomb of China's first emperor Qin Shihuang (259-210 BC), was in a worse condition than the other two and not likely to offer rich pickings. However, the experts were more than happy to be proven wrong. Along with the more than 114 broken figures unearthed since digging resumed in June last year, the discovery of three "suitcases" made of a silk-like fabric has offered clues on the textile industry during the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). - L'Abécédaire de l'Archéologie Evolution - Natural Selection, History of Life on Earth, Darwinism, Lesson Plans and More! 7 billion people and you: What's your number? Sources: All population data are based on estimates by the UN Population Division and all calculations provided by the UN Population Fund. The remaining data are from other sections of the UN, the Global Footprint Network and the International Telecommunications Union. Want to find out more? Notes on the data: Only birth dates after 1910 can be accommodated and only countries with populations of more than 100,000 people are included. Three country groupings - developed, developing and least developed - featured in the conclusions are those referenced by the UN for assessing the Millennium Development Goals. Read the answers to frequently asked questions here.

"Lost" Language Found on Back of 400-Year-Old Letter Notes on the back of a 400-year-old letter have revealed a previously unknown language once spoken by indigenous peoples of northern Peru , an archaeologist says. Penned by an unknown Spanish author and lost for four centuries, the battered piece of paper was pulled from the ruins of an ancient Spanish colonial church in 2008. But a team of scientists and linguists has only recently revealed the importance of the words written on the flip side of the letter. The early 17th-century author had translated Spanish numbers—uno, dos, tres—and Arabic numerals into a mysterious language never seen by modern scholars. (Related: " 'Lost' Languages to Be Resurrected by Computers"? "Even though [the letter] doesn't tell us a whole lot, it does tell us about a language that is very different from anything we've ever known—and it suggests that there may be a lot more out there," said project leader Jeffrey Quilter , an archaeologist at Harvard’s Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology.

Les archéologues mettent au jour le plus ancien calendier lunaire au monde Les archéologues ont mis au jour des preuves de ce qui pourrait être le plus ancien calendrier du monde dans un champ d'Aberdeenshire. Diagramme montrant comment les fosses sont alignées et la façon dont elles servent à repèrer les phases de la lune. Une nouvelle étude d'un groupe de 12 fosses fouillées à Warren Field, près du château de Crathes, montre qu'elles semblent concorder aux phases de la lune pour suivre les mois lunaires tout au long d'une année. Jusqu'à présent, les premiers appareils de mesure du temps étaient considérés comme ayant été créés en Mésopotamie il y a environ 5000 ans. Ce monument Mésolithique est susceptible d'avoir été créé par les sociétés de chasseurs-cueilleurs il y a près de 10.000 ans. Il a été fouillé entre 2004 et 2006 avant d'être récemment analysé par une équipe dirigée par l'Université de Birmingham. Le projet a été dirigé par Vince Gaffney, professeur d'archéologie du paysage à l'Université de Birmingham. Source: