What Today's Higgs Boson Discovery Really Means
The boson series, in short and somewhat muddied recollection of the subject. Please do your own research if you want a fully accurate description, google and wikipedia are great places to start, cassiopea project has a video series on the standard model that explain it pretty well too. The term 'boson' is a concatenation of Bose-Einstein, representing physical properties which are very alien to what we normally observe. The matter we can see is Newtonian, meaning it follows Newton's laws of physics. One of the more interesting properties of bosons occurs when cooled into a condensate, they no longer have deterministic volume, meaning even if you had millions of particles in this state they would still measure out to have the same volume as a single particle, in effect all occupying the same position in space. The only way to really know how many you have is to measure the forces, more on this next.
Related: Physics and Astronomy